Tragedy in Othello
William Shakespeare’s Othello is one of the most finely built plays in literature. It has no sub-plot and its action moves extremely quick as it is free from skeptical and extraneous matter as it has less characters. William Shakespeare the developer of this play was born in 1564 at Stratford-on-Avon and he has always been among the most popular authors in English literature.
In his early days he generally wrote comedies and histories but with the introduction of 16th century he produced his finest works which were generally tragedies like Hamlet, King Lear, Othello and Macbeth (BBC History). Amongst the tragedies by Shakespeare, Othello is proved to be the most enduring of all the tragedies (iii). The significant plot throughout the play is jealousy and misconception. This play clarifies that how the green eyed beast of jealousy becomes the reason behind Othello’s catastrophe.
Othello’s terrible murder of Desdemona was caused not by simply a single thing however lots of things, from them the most essential was Othello himself, as Othello’s hesitant but complete conviction of Desdemona’s adultery mentions an insecurity born of his marginalized position (iii). Even the lovers in the play appear mere pawns, as quickly controlled as the less brave characters in the play (iii). Also, Iago’s intention was not to provoke Othello to kill Desdemona yet he was driven to murder her.
In the last scene of the play Othello was all set with the concept of killing his precious, in his soliloquy beginning estimated, “It is the cause, it is the cause, my soulYet she must pass away, else she’ll betray more men.” (81 ). Here Othello’s soliloquy focuses on the reality that he need to eliminate his wife to avoid her from betraying more males (81 ). Othello liked his other half Desdemona but eliminated her because of jealousy, misinterpretation of events, and relying on the incorrect individuals who conspired against him.
One of the factors for the tragic murder of Desdemona by Othello was his belief in enchantment, the magic power of the scarf. After Iago’s intrigue starts in ideal earnest, he make attempts to provoke Othello about Desdemona and Cassio’s relationship, in act 3, scene 3, Othello is preoccupied with the jealousy and suspicion that Iago has actually injected in his mind, so he presses away the scarf provided to him by Desdemona out of concern and then Desdemona negligently drops it someplace.
Unfortunately, Emilia chose the handkerchief and hands it over to Iago; this is where the disaster starts. By the end of Scene 3, Othello’s level of jealousy has advanced and Iago boldly asserts that he saw the favorite scarf in hands of Cassio. “Damn her, salacious minx! Oh, damn her, damn her! Come, opt for me apart. I will withdraw to provide me with some speedy ways of death for the reasonable devil.” (54) Othello, speaking to Iago about Desdemona, calling her the wicked whore and saying Iago to come with him and think up some ways to eliminate that gorgeous devil i. e. Desdemona (54 ).
These lines illuminate that how Othello clamors for blood and how the handkerchief played such a substantial function as it becomes an instrument of abuse and triggers havoc, turning into one of the reasons behind Othello’s awful murder of Desdemona. Another reason that relates to the tragic murder of Desdemona by Othello is his failure to interpret occasions properly. In Act 4 Scene 1 when Iago and Othello are talking, Iago notifications Cassio coming and tells the Moor to conceal and listen to the story of his cherished’s unfaithfulness with his lieutenant, Cassio.
Othello conceals and after hearing the discussion between Iago and Cassio he mentions to himself “They laugh that win” (63) here Othello sees Cassio making fun of the idea of weding Desdemona, whereas Cassio was really chuckling on the idea of weding Bianca, through this Othello ends up being more provoked in his jealousy (63 ). Throughout the play Othello makes inaccurate analysis of the events which occurred and the conversation in between Cassio and Iago is one such misinterpretation.
Another reason behind the terrible murder of Desdemona was Othello’s poor judgment towards his lieutenant Cassio who was exceptionally faithful towards him. In Act 4 Scene 1, when Cassio exits after Bianca and Othello is burning with rage just due to his poor interpretation of the conversation among Iago, Cassio and Bianca, Othello advances towards Iago and states “how shall I murder him, Iago? … I would have him 9 years a-killing.” (65 ). Here Othello is asking Iago that how he ought to murder his previous lieutenant Cassio.
In the future he adds that he had actually enjoyed Cassio from all his heart and trusted him but due to his unfaithfulness he wishes to kill Cassio for nine years straight (65 ). By these quotes it is clear that Othello’s doubts have found positive proofs with his bad judgment of his lieutenant and he has actually developed a wish of eliminating Cassio along with Desdemona for the crime of infidelity which they have not really done. This was among the factor for Desdemona’s tragic murder by Othello. The main cause for of the murder of Desdemona was the villain of the play Iago who conspired against Othello.
Iago figures out to produce a failure to the Moorish general; but he evaluates the blackness of his heart behind a seemingly frank and open bearing and to all he remains the sincere Iago. In the extremely first act Iago opened to Roderigo and quotes in context of the Moor “We can not all be masters, nor all masters Can not be genuinely follow ‘d.” (2) In this quote, Iago discuss his strategies to Roderigo, that though he serves his master, Othello, he does so only for his own functions, not to “truly follow” him. He follows Othello not out of “love” or “responsibility,” but due to the fact that he feels he can exploit and dupe his master, and retaliate from him (2 ).
These lines illuminate that Iago was the developer of the whole tragic murder although he did not want this matter to go this far however everything happened due to the jealousy of Othello which was provoked by his so called sincere mate Iago. One of the reasons for the terrible murder of Desdemona was Desdemona herself. Although she was not guilty but her actions worked against her and ended up being a factor for her own death. Quickly before Othello asks Desdemona to produce the scarf he gave her, Othello tosses out an odd tip about his suspicion that she betrays. Our brand-new heraldry is hands, not hearts. “( 56 )
This quote is from the conversation in between Othello and Desdemona where Othello reveals his disregard towards her and says that individuals offer each other their hands without their hearts which clearly shows his jealousy and suspicion towards Desdemona (56 ). Even either due to fate or possibility somehow Desdemona managed the charges against her in the most thoughtless manner imaginable which ended up being a factor for her own death. Even if she had not stated those deadly words “Alas, he is betrayed and I am undone” (83) she might have been saved.
Here Desdemona says in context of Cassio that he is being betrayed and she is destroyed, hearing these words Othello burns with rage and kills Desdemona (83 ). It appears exasperating that she enabled herself to be victimized so helplessly. Finally the factor behind Desdemona’s tragic murder by Othello was Emilia, Desdemona’s personal maid and confidante; better half of Iago. After Othello and Desdemona exits the Scene Emilia says in her soliloquy “(gets the handkerchief) I am glad I have actually discovered this napkin, this was her very first remembrance from the Moor. My wayward partner hath a hundred times charmed me to take it” (Act3 Scene 3 Line 305).
Here she states to herself looking at the scarf that was the token of love that Moor gave to Desdemona and said that she has found the handkerchief which her stubborn hubby asked her to take a hundred times and through this she can a minimum of meet the desires of her husband (). Emilia provided the scarf to Iago and he stated Emilia to leave him; after she left he says in his soliloquy “This may do something. The Moor currently alters with my poison.
Dangerous conceits remain in their natures poisons which at the very first are limited discovered to distaste, But with a little act on the blood Burn like the mines of sulfur. (Act 3 Scene 3 Lines 335) Iago says to himself that to a jealous man i. e. Othello, a worthless little thing like this (handkerchief) looks like outright proof. This handkerchief may be useful to him as the Moor’s mind has already become contaminated with his harmful ideas. Ideas can be like toxins, at first they barely even taste bad, once they enter into your blood they begin burning like hot lava () these lines elucidates one of the substantial mistakes of Emilia to handover Desdemona’s handkerchief to Iago who took advantage of it and showed his indicate Othello.
Even Emilia was never ever carefully questioned about the scarf and it is even hard to believe that she does not think the scarf of having any connection with the growing suspicion of Othello over Desdemona. Othello enjoyed his other half Desdemona but eliminated her since of jealousy, misconception of occasions, and relying on the wrong people who conspired against him. During the whole play there were different instances and characters which ended up being the factor for Desdemona’s murder however from all of them Iago’s conspiracy hold an excellent significance.
Collin mentions “Therefore it is Iago’s plan to require Othello to think of Desdemona’s relationship to both himself and Cassio.” This quote plainly responds to all the concerns regarding Desdemona’s awful murder. It was Iago’s strategy to damage Othello and he became rather successful in it as he was the developer of Othello and Desdemona’s tragic love story and death. It is only the devilish outlining of Iago that poisons the mind of Othello. For that reason, catastrophe in Shakespearean play “Othello” is caused more through the activity of bad guy i. e. Iago than through any tragic flaw in the hero i. e. Othello.