Masbah Ahmed Period 6 12/23/ 12 Part 1 1. Why does Achebe selected to the title of his book from Yeats’ poem? How does Achebe’s literary allusion to Yeats’ poem might deepen or extend– by comparison and/or contrast– the significance(s) of Achebe’s title and his novel? Achebe chose the title because Things Break down foreshadows the catastrophe which this unique depicts. It’s deepens the comparison by revealing that thebook might have to do with how inner issues trigger a typical end.
2. Explain Okonkwo, the lead character of Things Fall Apart. How does he work to attain greatness as defined by his community and culture?
How does he vary from Western heroes whom you recognize with? Okonkwo was popular throughout nine towns and beyond due to the fact that of this durability. He was tall and big with bushy eyebrows with a wide nose. Okonkwo accomplishes this greatness by defeating the greatest wrestler (Amalinze). He expressed his anger by using physical violence. He was nothing like his father Unoka. Oknonwo is various from western heroes unlike the western heroes, he earned his popularity by his genuine strength, he beats his wide if they disobey him, and he was proud of his dad. 3. a) Descibe Unoka, Okonkwo’s father?
Unoka was tall and really thin. He was lazy, careless, and peaceful. He was a loafer, never ever returned the cash he borrowed from individuals and since of that everybody in the village swore not to provide him any money. Unoka was a coward when it came to war and he might stand blood. b) What are Okonwo’s feelings towards Unoka, and why? Okonwo isn’t pleased with his daddy due to the fact that of his dad was a failure. Everybody in the people teased his daddy. His dad was frightened of blood and war unlike him, and Okonkwo thought a male should be strong like a warrior. c) How does the (unfavorable) examples of the his daddy shapes Oknokwo’s uccess and character and actions? The failure of Okonkwo’s dad became hate in Okonkwo’s heart and that hatred lead him to his success and he made a title in his tribe. d) What do early descriptions of Okonkwo’s success and Unoka’s failure informs us about igbo society? It informs us that individuals that weren’t successful and was weak were looked down at in Igbo society and individuals that were strong and successful were held high. e) How does one be successful in this cultural context? One can be successful in this by taking control of its family (specifically ladies) and proving their strength. Also by being honest and difficult worker.) What do we gain from the system of the taking of titles? We discover that having title(s) makes you respect in the tribes. In order for somebody to earn title(s), they must succeed and show their strength. e) Who appears to be excluded from chances to gain such a success? Individuals that are left out from opportunities are people that are lazy and weak. 4. Explain who Achebe’s intended audience(s) might be. What is the result on you, as a Western reader and outsider to Igbo culture? How do Achebe’s language options add to the book? For instance, “sayings are the palm-oil with which words are eaten.” What does this imply? Ch. provides the story of the mosquito, among numerous West African tales that discusses why these pests buzz irritatingly in people’s ears. Can you consider any similar folktales informed in your culture? What is the ethical of the myth of the tortoise informed in Ch. 11? What worths do these stories reflect? Note that some stories are females’s stories, and others are guys’s stories. Achebe’s desired audience might be some who isn’t knowledgeable about Igbo society. The effect Igbo society has on me is being surprised by their lifestyle except the part where the males beats the females, aside from that, the culture of Igbo society is traditional and indescribable.
I believe this indicates sayings are as important as palm-oil. I do not believe there are any folktales in my culture. The ethical of the story is not to benefit from individuals and be courteous to them. These stories reflect Igbo society’s culture, values, and love. 5. a) Explain the setting (time, location, culture) of the novel. The setting of the novel is around 1900’s of Nigeria in the town of Umoufia b) How is social life arranged? Social life is arranged based on you what you can do and you success, not on your ancestors. c) What are the essential events? Two important celebrations are the New Yam Festival and the Week of Peace.) What is the function of war, of faith and of the arts? Wars do not happen that easily. At first they try to come to a service. Religious beliefs is a big part Igbo people. They praise the goddess of the earth and are always careful to avoid devoting sins against her (god). Art is mainly of playing drums and flute. e) What is the role of the individual in relation to the neighborhood of Umuofia? Private relation to the community is having control and regard by showing his strength, and likewise his wealth. f) Compare/contrast Igbo life ways, custom-mades, point of views, beliefs, and worths of those of your own culture.
My culture is absolutely nothing comparable to Igbo culture. We don’t commemorate New Yam Celebration and we do not have Week of Peace unlike Igbo society does. 6. What result does night have on individuals in Ch. 2? What do they fear? How do they handle their fear of snakes in the evening? On dark nights, individuals are frightened to go outside. They fear snakes. They handle their worry by not going outside in the evening unless there suffices light. On brilliant nights, people enjoy taking long strolls. 7. a) What the important crops? The crucial crops are yams, kola-nuts, cassava, alligator peppers, corn, and cocoyam. b) What are the seasons?
Some seasons are the New Yam Celebration, the planting season and the raining season. c) How does sharecropping work? A land owner permits another person to live on his land and grow crops, and takes 2/3 of the crops as lease payment. d) What are the male and female designated crops, and why? The male designated crop is yams, and the female designated crops are coco-yams, beans and cassava because yams are probably more popular. e) What is the relationship of females to farming? The relationship of women to farming is that women need to grow things much like guys, but they can just grow things that isn’t yams, they have to grow ladies’s crops.) In contrast to other (e. g. Biblical) representations of locusts as a terrible pester, how does the town react to the coming of the locusts in Ch. 7? The town excitedly gathers them since they are good to eat when cooked, in contrast to biblical representations the locust is seen as something bad about to occur. Masbah Ahmed Duration 6 01-06-13 8. What does her power and status in Umofia suggest about females’s role in Igbo culture and religions? Later on in the novel, note Chielo’s functions in the town (e. g. in Ch6). What are those roles? What does Ch. 1 event including the priestess of Agbala inform us about the worth of the culture? What side of Okonkwo is revealed by his behavior throughout that long night? Chielo’s power and status recommends that ladies are well respected and ends up being the leader or consultant. Chielo was the priest of Agbala, the Oracle of the Hills and Caves. She was a mother of two. Incident involving Chielo reveals how devoted and dedicated individuals are to their culture by letting Chielo take Okonkwo’s child in a late night; they couldn’t decline owing to their worry, which clearly shows that they want to do whatever is necessary.
This soft-side of Okonkwo was exposed and his weak-side. 9. Interpret this saying, spoken of Okonkwo: “When a man states yes his Chi says yes likewise.” Trace further recommendations in the unique to the chi. What function does Okonkwo’s chi play in forming his fate? Trace the other factors in Okonkwo’s case. What this saying suggests is that a male’s god will direct him and assist him and he should accept what his does chi provides for him. Okonkwo’s fate was shaped by chi due to the fact that it was his own chi, that he ended up battling against and eventually he lost. He believed that anything weak needed to be destroyed.
He attempts to remove any weak point within himself. 10. Compare Obierika– a male “who thinks about things”– to Okonkwo. Keep in mind the Instances when Okonkwo fails to observe the suggestions of others, particularly of Obierika: What are the repercussions? Three times in Part1, Okonkwo breaks Igbo taboos: what drives him to do so in each cases, and what are the repercussions to Okonkwo, to his family and to his neighborhood? Okonkwo and Obierika are similar due to the fact that they are both successful males in Igbo society. They are various due to the fact that Okonkwo doesn’t think or ask questions prior to doing something.
Okonkwo would do anything to conceal his weak point where Obierika shares his weak point, for example he regrets taking the ozo title. Okoknwo didn’t pay any follow to him and leads him break the custom-made of Week of Peace by beating his 2nd partner, and breaking taboos that triggered individuals to dislike him and his household leaving them with the fear of getting into a war for the service of this conflict. 11. Describe Okonkwo’s relationships to his wives and kids, particularly to Ekwafi, Ezinma, and Nowye. What varying functions and functions do males and females have in Igbo society?
What is Okonkwo’s mindset toward ladies? Another African proverb states, “It takes a village to raise a kid.” Compare/contrast the benefits and disadvantages in this social structure to our own household plans in the U. S. Okonkwo’s relationship with his partners and kids is fearful however caring and liking. They all respects Okonkwo and terrified of him to death. He expects his kids to grow up like him. Okonkwo expects his other halves to perform responsibilities thoroughly that includes cooking, feeding the kids, cleaning up your house and aiding with the farming.
When they do not fulfill all of their duties, he gets really upset at them and sometimes beats them. If he feels disrespected by his better halves; he beats them. His relationship with Ekwafi is unique since she escaped from her hubby to marry Okonkwo. Although he likes Ekwafi, she suffered the most out all of his spouses. To Enzima, he believes that it would’ve much better if she was boy since of hr qualities and character. Likewise Enzima is the only making it through child of Ekwafi that made her more special to Okonkwo. To Nowye, he is truly stringent because he desires Nowye to mature strong like him and carry on his tradition.
In Igbo society, men are to be strong, effective and should have the ability to control their ladies. Women are expected to all the house works. Males and female were provided various crops to plant and their funeral services were various. Men’s funeral services were more crucial the ladies’s. Okonkwo’s mindset towards women is extreme and violent. He thinks they must do whatever he states or they will regret it. This proverb’s advantage is that it assists a child to be successful when everyone helps and the drawback is that the child will end up being depending on others. This is contrastable to the social structure in family arrangements in U.
S. since it’s least most likely for a society to assist a child due to the fact that all they know is “I, for myself”. 12. What is the criminal activity that causes Okonkwo’s to be reprimanded in Ch. 4? What does it tell you about the values of the culture? Why, according to Ezeani, is better half pounding thought about even sometimes other than Peace Week? The criminal activity is Okonkwo beats his better half strongly because she got home late and didn’t prepare any dinner although he wasn’t supposed to strike her because it was the Peace Week. This shows that Igbo culture is practiced by rule and strictly and is taken extremely seriously.
Beating wife is seen as incorrect even beyond Peace Week according to Ezeani due to the fact that the peace ought to be kept to honor their goddess. 13. a. Briefly sum up the story of Ekwafi given up Ch. 5. b. What kind of female is she? c. What do you think is the significance of ladies having to sit with their legs together? d. What is done to break the cycle of birth and death? e. What mindsets toward children does it reflect? f. How does Igbo belief in Ogbanje and the efforts to break the cycle of birth and death contrast to the “egnima” of “discarding” of twins? h.
Does Achebe appear to validate the belief in ogbanje? How or why? a. Ekwafi fell in love with Ikemefuna when she saw him battling. B. She was the beauty of the village. She ran away from her partner to wed Okonkwo. Ekwafi is the woman who pursues what she wants and she loves wrestling. C. The significance of ladies needing to sit their legs together is it shows that they have self-regard and it is formal. D. To break the cycle of birth and death, they are expected to discover iyi-uwa and ruin it. E. Ekwafi rewards her child since she is the only child that endured.
F. It reflects that she enjoys children due to the fact that program lost numerous to neglect the one she has. G. The Igbo in ogbanje contrast to the “enigma” of the “discarding” of twins by eliminating them instead of attempting to drive the evil spirits away. h. He does seem to confirm in his belief in it based on the depiction. 14. A. What is the purpose of the taking of Ikemefuna? B. How does he concern remain in Okonkwo’s home? C. What is Okonkwo’s relationship with Ikemefuna? D. Compare Okonkwo’s sensations to Nowye’s affection for Ikemefuna? E. Why is Okonkwo disappointed with his child Nowye?
F. How has Nowye started to “act like a guy” (Ch. 7)? G. What values does Okonkwo relate to manliness? h. How does Nowye relate to these worths? i. What are the factors and situations of Ikemefuna’s death? j. Why does Okonkwo serve as he does, in spite of the recommendations of others not to participate in the killing of Ikemefuna (Ch. 7)? k. How does Nowye feel and (re)act? L. Compare Okonkwo’s attitude toward Nowye to Konkwo’s attitude toward his daughter Ezinma (provided in Ch. 8). a. The function of taking Ikemefuna was restitution for the death of Umofian female. B.
Okonkwo took let Ikemefuna stay at his house since of the oracle. c. At first their relationship resembled a master and servant however later on it altered to a father-son relationship. d. Okonkwo likes Ikemefuna more than Nwoye due to the fact that of the manliness lies within Ikemefuna. e. Oknokwo is disappointed with his kid because Nwoye has the character of his grandpa: weak and soft-minded. f. Nwoye has actually started to act like a guy by doing manly tasks, whining about ladies and listening to Okonkwo’s stories about bloodshed and violence. g. Okonkwo doesn’t tolerate weak point in males. h.
Nwoye associates with these worths due to the fact that he is starting to reveal interests in manly works and continuing his daddy’s tradition. i. Ikemefuna was killed under Oracle’s choice. J. Okonkwo does along due to the fact that he didn’t desire anybody to think he is weak or appear weak to others. K. Nwoye looked at Ikemefuna as a big sibling and the death of his older brother left him all alone: he weeps for Ikemefuna. l. Okonkwo likes his child Ezinma more than his son Nwoye and he thinks Ezinma should’ve been a young boy instead of a lady. 15. How are white men initially introduced into the story? Why might Africans expect that they don’t have any toes?
What sorts of attitudes do the African reveal about white males? White males are presented as foreign explorers. The Africans suppose that they don’t have any toes because they wear shoes. Africans took a look at whites as unusual, weird, and opponent of their tribe. 16. How does one-handed egwugwu applaud the dead males? What do we learn from the representation of the funeral event? What terrible incident forces Okonkwo into exile? One-handed egwugwu applauded the dead guys by dancing while carrying basket of water. We discover that the funeral ceremonies are taken seriously. Okonkwo’s gun blows up and kills a boy accidently. 7. What are these internal conflicts? What part does the town leader Okonkwo play in the dissension? How does Okonkwo jeopardize his own authority within his neighborhood? The internal disputes are Okonkwo beats his better half during Peace Week. He had to pay a fine for his action. Due to the fact that of what he did, he aggravates the Oracles. 18. In what ways can things fall apart be thought about a response to representations of africans in western literature such as joseph conrads heart of darkness or other images of africa depicted in the westernvmedia, film, books, etc that you recognize with?
How does Achebe’s novel appropriate such European representations of Africa and Africans, and provide you an afrocentric instead of eurocentric perspective? This book reveals that real culture of Africans(Igbo society); it’s completely various from what is written or shown on T. V about Africans based stereotypes. Achebe demonstrates how the Africans are devoted to their culture and their religious beliefs by discussing the events completely. 19. What aspects to of pre-colonial Igbo culture does Achebe seem to question or slam? How does Achebe utilize characters like Obierika, Okonkwo, and Nowye to use such social criticism of Igbo society?
How do the people of Umofia react to alter? Achebe seems to question or criticize the repercussions individuals have to pay when it wasn’t suggested to occur. He utilizes these characters to show they were treated and viewed by the society. The people in Umofia would be terrified of changes since they were independent, specifically with the nature. 20. Explain your preliminary reading experience and response(s) to Things Break Down Part 1 as a cross-cultural encounter: how are you responding to this direct exposure to traditional Igbo culture and individuals? Why do you believe you are responding as you are?
What seems most different and/or foreign to you? What seems most comparable and/or familiar to you? My reading experience was impressive. The Igbo culture is quite fascinating: something I want to look into. I am responding like this due to the fact that I enjoy finding out about new cultures/religions; it helps me comprehend people’s mind and their strategy. What seems foreign to me is unneeded actions taken by the Oracle such as taking Ikemefuna and a virgin due to the fact that of the criminal offense Mbaino devoted. What seems familiar to me is collecting throughout a festival.