Things Fall Apart Pt. 1 Research Study Questions Responses
Things Fall Apart– Chinua Achebe Research Study Questions 1)- Achebe would pick to take the title of “The Second Coming” most likely because the Igbo tribe breaks down inside due to social problems & & more as it was said in the poem, “Things fall apart; the center can not hold. “. This deepens/extends the meaning of Achebe’s title and novel since the primary center of the Igbo people was losing its strength and conflicts were bound to take place due to the fact that of this. 2)- Okonkwo was rather popular throughout the villages. After a fumbling match he began to acquire popularity. He was high, huge, and had bushy eyebrows with a wide nose.
He likewise utilized physical violence to make his point or launch his anger. In addition, he seldom showed any other expression than anger whether he felt emotional inside or not. He was impatient with not successful men such as his daddy and attempted his best not to grow up like his papa. Okonkwo was a rich farmer with 2 barns loaded with yam and 3 spouses. As an Igbo heroic character, Okonkwo works to achieve achievement as defined by his neighborhood and culture by beating the Feline to end up being the greatest wrestler among the nine towns, revealing expertise in 2 intertribal wars, weding 3 other halves, and obtaining two barns full of yam.
Okonkwo varies from Western heroes whom I recognize with due to the fact that unlike the Western heroes he beats his other half, and is also uneasy with his dad’s failures. Likewise, familiar Western heroes are quite easy to agree, have special kind of powers or secret identity, and are mostly friendly. Okonkwo has no type of powers or secret identity, an extremely tough individual to handle and never stops showing mad expressions. Okonkwo is strong in battling, working hard, and maintaining order & & discipline but weak in farming crops and showing emotion & & love to others even his household. )- Unoka was tall, lazy, improvident, and thin with a slight stoop. As soon as he got some cash he invested it on palm-wine and havinged fun with his neighbors. He was a debtor and owed every neighbor. He was also rather skilled on the flute. As Unoka got older, he became a failure. He was poor and could hardly feed his better half and children. Unoka was constantly able to obtain a growing number of cash however might never ever pay it back. Okonkwo didn’t wish to have anything in common with his daddy. That is just how much he disliked Unoka. The negative example of his daddy formed Okonkwo’s character and actions.
Worry of ending up being like Unoka worked as an inspiration for Okonkwo to become successful. As a little young boy, Okonkwo’s friend even informed him that Unoka was a woman/a guy who had taken no title (agbala). This made Okonkwo live to hate everything Unoka loved which was gentleness and idleness. As an outcome, Okonkwo worked daily on the farms and he beat & & proded anybody of his children who showed a sign of his daddy’s laziness while working. The early descriptions of Okonkwo’s success and Unoka’s failure inform us that in the Igbo society they’re evaluated based upon their achievements and achievements, not by what their previous family has actually done.
One succeeds in this cultural context by working hard and showing bravery. In addition, one prospers by having great land (great farming), a big family, and revealing prowess while fighting in wars. From the system of taking titles, we learn who has actually fought for their tribe in war and who has actually done it more or much better. Ladies seem to be excluded from opportunities to acquire such success. 4)- Achebe’s desired audience may be the Western/European audience, specifically the ones who believe their culture transcends to African culture. As an outsider to Igbo culture, reading about it intrigues me.
It’s fascinating to see how another culture that I’m not familiar with is practiced. It helps open my mind to see other cultures the same as I see mine and not to make fun of or victimize other cultures. Achebe’s language option adds more of a cultural sensation to the unique and engages the reader to see how Igbo language was spoken & & utilized.”Sayings are the palm oil with which words are consumed” indicates that communications through proverbs are very important similar to the often used palm-oil. Proverbs were often utilized in their culture.
It includes more of a meaning to how they communicate and communication was very crucial in keeping the Igbo society unified. Comparable folktales told in my culture are the numerous tales of Anansi the spider. The moral of the fable of the tortoise told in Ch. 11 is essentially one who causes problems for others, triggers it for him/herself too so it’s finest not to be self-centered and take advantage of others. These stories reflect the importance of different cultures and their worths. 5)- The story happens in the town of Umuofia in Africa. It contained 9 towns and there they embrace the Igbo culture.
In Igbo culture, males are superior to their spouses. The old wise seniors have authority also. They worshipped nature gods such as earth and sky gods. Essential celebrations consist of the Week of Peace and the Feast of the New Yam. The role of war, religious beliefs, and the arts were very essential. The role of war is to demonstrate how manly the guys are and the function of religion is conventional due to the fact that they pray to the gods since that is what their ancestors did. The arts’ function was a type of entertainment but also for rank because when Okonkwo won the fight against Amalinze, he was noticed, ended up being famous and people believed extremely of him.
An individual’s role depends upon their rank in the clan and how deserving they proved to be. Okonkwo’s culture is very different than mine. He worships different gods, while I praise one God. People of Igbo culture likewise think it’s ok to marry more than one lady while in my culture, the just best method is to wed one woman and to remain devoted to her. If not, you’ll be known as a cheater or adulterer. 6)- In Ch. 2, nights triggered individuals to be terrified with fear. They feared fiends and dangerous animals such as the snake. To handle the fear of snakes in the evening, a snake was never ever called by its name during the night.
They called it a string rather. 7)- The important crops were coco-yams, beans, cassava, but primarily yams. There were the rainy/wet season and the planting season. With sharecropping, because the sharecropper couldn’t manage his/her own land, he/she would farm and grow crops on a landowners farm however only get to keep a share(about 1/3) of it and the rest of the crops goes to the landowner. Female designated crops were coco-yams, beans, and cassava. The male designated crop was yam, the king of the crops. Given that yam is the primary crop that “establishes a male’s worth,” it was referred to as a guy’s crop.
Gathering the crop “required effort and continuous attention from cock-crow till the chickens returned to roost.” It likewise enabled men to keep their respect and function as the leading supplier of their family. In relationship to farming, women weren’t acknowledged as “strong,” but they still played an important function while doing so because they weeded the farm during planting season and the earth goddess was also a woman. In contrast to other representations of locusts as a terrible plague, the town of Umuofia accepts locusts.
Many individuals went out with baskets trying to catch them and everybody filled their bags and pots with the locusts. After, they were roasted in clay pots, spread in the sun till they became dry & & fragile, and after that were consumed with strong palm-oil. 8)- Chielo’s power & & status in Umuofia recommends that women play an essential function in Igbo culture and religious beliefs. Ladies carried messages from gods, implemented Igbo faith, and also imposed Igbo culture. Chielo’s functions in the town were the priestess of Agbala, the Oracle of the Hills and the Caves.
In addition she was a widow with 2 children and is good friends with Ekwefi & & Ezinma. The Ch. 11 occurrence including the priestess of Agbala informs us that in their Igbo culture, family is exceptionally important and quite valued. Throughout that long night, Okonkwo exposes his protective, caring side. 9)- The proverb implies that when a man says “yes” to do something, his spirit will also lead & & direct him in his effort to do it. Okonkwo’s destiny was formed by chi because it was his own chi that he wound up combating against (such as beating his partner during the Week of Peace) however still wound up losing.
Also, through the unexpected killing of a clansman, he was bought away from his village and his chi pretty much ruined him because he fought versus it. 10)- Obierika is a male who thinks of things while Okonkwo is a male of action. Okonkwo constantly turn to physical violence in order to launch his consistent anger. He is likewise impatient and easily upset. Obierika on the other hand is more serene, client, and calm. When Okonkwo fails to hearken the recommendations of others, specifically Obierika, the repercussions are not being able to sleep and repenting of his child.
In each case of Okonkwo breaking Igbo taboos, he was driven by anger, interest, impatience, lack of knowledge, and by a will to secure his household. He beat his partner during Peace Week, followed the priestess, and likewise killed Ezeudu’s kid. As a consequence, Okonkwo needed to compromise to the earth goddess, and he household were forced to leave the village for 7 years. They then set his home on fire, demolished his red walls, eliminated his animals, and destroyed his barn. 11)- Okonkwo’s relationships to his better halves and children were not extremely caring, encouraging, or positive. He liked his first spouse, Nwoye’s mom, the most.
He threatened his second partner, Ekwefi, with a gun, and beat his third wife, Ojiugo. He was also embarrassed of his son Nwoye. He feels that he is weak, has too much of his mom in him, and fears that he will wind up like his grandpa, Unoka. Ezinma is his favorite although he wishes that she was born as a kid since she has the best spirit and after that would have been better. Males and female have varying roles and functions in Igbo society. The males in the Igbo society go out & & hunt, preserve the land, have the connections with people, and do a great deal of the outside work.
The ladies look after the children, cook, tidy, and do more domestic work. Okonkwo truly does not seem to care about women, unless they are special to him. Taking a village to raise a child has downsides and benefits to our own family arrangements in the United States. A lot of families don’t understand how to raise kids appropriately and their kids end up being not successful while some households actually appreciate their children and raise them to be effective. In our society, it truly depends which household you need to affect a child or to raise your child. 12)- In Ch., the crime that triggers Okonkwo to be reprimanded is when he beats his spouse during the Week of Peace. It tells me that in Igbo culture bad actions can lead to bad effects and they value peace. According to Ezeani, spouse pounding is considered wrong even at times aside from Peace Week due to the fact that he is still breaking the peace and triggering evil. 13)- Several years back, Okonkwo won Ekwefi’s heart by beating the Cat however she couldn’t marry Okonkwo since he was too poor to pay her bride-price. A couple of years later when Okonkwo became wealthier, Ekwefi fled from her hubby to live with him.
She is a brave female and is also very devoted to her daughter, Ezinma. I believe the significance of ladies having to sit with their legs together is to show respect, good manners and likewise so that others won’t have the incorrect impression. To break the cycle of birth and death, when the lady becomes pregnant once again, she’s is to go and stay with her individuals instead of sleeping inside her hut. Ekwefi rewards her child Ezinma so extremely due to the fact that out of ten born kids, nine of them passed away and Ekwefi was the only one that survived to live previous 3 years old.
Since kids passed away frequently, they were seen as short-lived and that they would not live long so adults felt that they shouldn’t end up being too connected to their children. The Igbo belief in ogbanje and the efforts to break the cycle of birth and death contrast to the “enigma” of “getting rid of” of twins due to the fact that with the “enigma” of “discarding” of twins, they ended up mutilating the dead body. Achebe seems to confirm the belief in the ogbanje because he describes Ezinma’s story about discovering her iyi-uwa as something the whole people is worried about. 14)- The function of taking Ikemefuna was to prevent war and bloodshed.
Ikemefuna comes to live with Okonkwo’s family due to the fact that the Mbaino people eliminated a Umuofian child, so as a peace offering, Ikemefuna was sent out for 3 years. Okonkwo was very fond of Ikemefuna and saw him as a boy even though he treated him with a heavy hand like everybody else. Ikemefuna even began calling Okonkwo his dad. Ikemefuna resembles the second male in your house because his character is the closest to Okonkwo’s and he likewise assists to establish Nwoye’s manhood. Ikemefuna is like a huge sibling to delicate Nwoye and they end up being really close companions.
Okonkwo has love for Ikemefuna likewise however he doesn’t show it like Nwoye does due to the fact that it would suggest weak point. Okonkwo is disappointed with Nwoye due to the fact that he feels that he wasn’t masculine enough and acts excessive like his Unoka. He also feels that Nwoye is too lazy and he constantly has to remedy him by nagging and beating him. Nwoye started to imitate a male. He now sat with Okonkwo in his obi, and did more masculine/difficult jobs in the house such as splitting wood or pounding food. In addition, Nwoye would feign inconveniences and grumble likewise about females and their problems. Okonkwo associated bloodshed and violence with manliness.
Nwoye still felt connected to his mother’s feminine stories however he chose to man up and listen to his daddy’s manly stories about tribal wars. The Oracle of the hills stated that Ikemefuna was to be eliminated as a sacrifice. They were to take him outside Umuofia and then eliminate him there. Regardless of the advice of others not to take part in the killing, Okonkwo functions as he does since he was afraid of being thought of as weak. In reaction, Nwoye didn’t sob, he simply “hung limp.” He felt a snapping inside him. Okonkwo felt that Ezinma has the ideal spirit and if she was a young boy, he would’ve been happier.
On the other hand, Okonkwo was still dissatisfied in Nwoye. He felt that he had too much of his mother and grandpa in him. 15)- White guys were first introduced during a conversation amongst the males. Africans might suppose that they have no toes due to the fact that they were most likely using shoes so their toes weren’t noticeable. Africans were laughing at the white guys, calling leprosy “the white skin.” They also weren’t sure whether the white guys had toes or not so they were quite curious. 16)- The one-handed egwugwu applauded the dead guy by dancing a couple of steps to the funeral drums carrying a basketful of water then he went to see the corpse.
He made a speech discussing how good a man he was, asked him to “come again the way you came previously,” then he danced a couple of more actions and went away. We gain from the depiction of the funeral ceremony that in Igbo culture, they truly appreciate each other and pay respect to their dead. Okonkwo was forced into exile by the killing of another clansman, which was the dead man’s boy. He was then ejected from the clan for 7 years. 17)- The internal disputes mainly started when Ikemefuna had to be killed. In the dissension, Okonkwo plays a big part since he’s the leader.
Since he didn’t want to show a sign of weak point, he took part in the killing of somebody he truly appreciated and thought of as a son. The actions that are being done just to show who’s manlier is tearing the people of town apart. Okonkwo ultimately threatens his own authority within his neighborhood when he finally eliminated one of his own individuals. 18)- Things Fall Apart can be considered a “reaction” to depictions of Africans in Western literature such as Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness or other images of Africa as portrayed in the Western media, movie, books, and so on that I recognize with due to the fact that while others reveal bad stereotypes and bad features of Africa, Achebe’s Things Fall Apart, embraces the culture and reveals that Africans are humans much like everybody else. Likewise that they have great times and good quality not simply only bad qualities. The Eurocentric depiction is remedied and it’s shown through all the cultural languages, customs, and beliefs that individuals of the Igbo culture shared. 19)- Achebe appears to slam the dominance of males and the distinction between the genders in the Igbo culture.
For example, how male crops (yam) were distinguished from female crops (cassava, beans, coco-yams). The king of crops, yam, was referred to as a male crop due to the fact that gathering it “required effort and constant attention from cock-crow till the chickens returned to roost.” It also determined a man’s worth and despite the fact that ladies did work likewise such as weeding the farm during planting season, males were still put at a greater rank. This shows how guys were thought of as exceptional to the women, who were then inferior.
Okonkwo was used to show how in Igbo culture, things that break your own emotion or will need to be done sometimes in order to keep your “rank.” Given that Okonkwo was currently famous and understood in the town as a true warrior and strong guy, he needed to take part in the killing of a young boy he cared deeply about just to keep his title/rank in the tribe. Nwoye was mad about the killing of one whom he considered his bro. He likewise began to question the custom and culture of his tribe. Obierika was likewise used to show how women were thought of as inferior and more like property.
His child didn’t have any choice of who she wanted to wed. She was provided a cost and generally bought like a servant. In addition, ladies were more like slaves to guys because a man could have more than one spouse but a lady might only belong to one guy. A woman even would get beaten or threatened with a weapon just because she didn’t inform somebody to feed her kids while she was out. The people of Umuofia’s response to change weren’t actually that much. When changes came, they didn’t do much but speak about it, have the individual pay for what they did, then often consume kola nut and drink palm-wine. 0)- My initial reading experience was quite odd initially. Getting utilized to the language, type of customs, and seeing how various Igbo culture was from mine was a shock. I’m reacting to this exposure to conventional Igbo culture and individuals with a weird but open point of view. I believe I’m responding by doing this since although I know that all the stereotypes I hear about Africans aren’t true, residing in this Eurocentric world makes it hard to embrace or understand the other types of cultures practiced.
What appears most foreign to me is the fumbling because I never understood that in ancient African culture, fumbling was that huge of an entertainment. What seems most familiar to me is the right of a male to acquire more than one wife and the power guys had more than females. I discovered a long time ago that in certain cultures, males were permitted to have several partners. The superiority over ladies recognized too due to the fact that even in the United States men are controlling the country, and even though it looks like females have equivalent rights as men, they truly do not.