Things Fall Apart Essay
Different Spheres of Genders Chinua Achebe’s “Things Break down” checks out clashing gender functions. The women stay at home cooking and cleansing, just to be sold off as bride-to-bes to their other halves and bear children. Males are active and aggressive, battling wars and providing economically for the household. They have the power to physically beat their wives if they’re acting unsatisfactorily. In the book, the old Ibo proverb “Mom is Supreme” is represented when Okonkwo gets exiled to his motherland.
This proverb reveals that no matter what occurs in between a kid and their father, the child can always go to one’s mom. This holds the truth that moms are the loving caretakers of the children in Ibo culture. The gender stereotypes divide the guys and females in the society, producing separate spheres. Provided the mother is supreme proverb, it is ironic that the Okonkwo society harshly oppresses its ladies. “Mother is Supreme” is the concept that a person can always run to their mother where they are safe from their problems.
When Okonkwo was banished, he went to Mabanta, his Motherland, and was accepted with open arms by Uchendu, his uncle. This point was exemplified when Uchendu explains why mom is supreme, “A male belongs to his fatherland when things are good and life is sweet. But when there is grief and bitterness he finds refuge in his motherland” (134 ). The mom exists to safeguard the kid unconditionally versus the dad. Mother is supreme due to the fact that she is the protector, the adult the child can constantly depend on. When Okonkwo gets banished from his fatherland, Mbanta, his motherland, welcomed and took care of him.
Likewise “Mom is Supreme is revealed when after Okonkwo informed Nwoye that Ikemefuna was leaving, “Later, Nwoye went to his mother’s hut and informed her that Ikemefuna was going house. She immediately dropped her pestle with which she was grinding pepper, folded her arms throughout her breast and sighed, “Poor kid.” (58 ). When Nwoye got the news, he fled to his mother’s hut to be comforted. The Mom Supreme proverb stands in stark contrast to the way females are dealt with in the Ibo society. Both males and females collaborate in the Ibo culture cultivating fruit and vegetables and taking part in the federal government.
In the growing season the women weed and plant other produce while the males farm yams. “As the rains became heavier the women planted maize, melons and beans in between the yam mounds” (33 ). The females still assist with planting however in a smaller sized way than the males. “Yam stood for manliness, and he who could feed his household on yams from one harvest to another was an extremely fantastic guy indeed” (33 ). Here, the men are cultivating the yams however not just were yams an essential staple in their diet, a male success depended upon the number of yams he could produce.
Likewise both genders played a role in the federal government. Chielo, the priestess, was the advice provider of the town and the other primary leaders of the neighborhood were men. “The 9 towns of Umuofia had grown out of the 9 boys of the first daddy of the clan” (89 ). This reputable group is made up of nine male leaders, called the egwugwu. Different than regular women in the Ibo society, Chielo is a powerful authority, representing the feared Oracle. In both these circumstances, women and men are put into different spheres, but both are critical in supporting their community.
Although the men play a large role in offering the household, they control the family with force. The men provide for the family by planting and gathering the yams. They freely discipline their wives without recourse as shown in the texts, “when she returned he beat her really heavily” (29 ). Okonkwo beat his better halves into submission and in their society it goes unpunished. Even when they don’t do something incorrect, “As a matter of reality the tree was quite alive. Okonkwo’s 2nd spouse had simply cut a couple of leaves off it … Okonkwo, being hot-tempered secured his anger on Ewifiki after thinking that she ruined the tree. He does not even appreciate her adequate to participate in an argument with her to listen to her side of the story. He just smacks her “without additional argument”. These examples show Okonkwo’s supremacy over his better halves, ruling his house with a heavy hand. If they make a mistake, he takes his anger out on them and make certain they keep in mind not to do it the next time. “He trembled with the desire to conquer and subdue. It resembled the desire for ladies” (42 ).
In this passage, it represents that Okonkwo only values ladies as something to “dominate” or “suppress”, not as equates to. In contrast, females in the Ibo society are expected to submit to their hubbies. They are lower in society, in submission to whomever they are wed. “… Agbala was not just another name for a women, it might likewise indicate a guy who had taken no title” (13 ). This exemplifies that it is an insult for a guy to be called Agbala, another name for a woman. During the bride-to-be cost, the bride-to-bes are thought of as simple pieces of residential or commercial property, not as human beings. “Her suitor and his family members surveyed her young body with xpert eyes as if to assure themselves that she was stunning and ripe” (71) They are taking a look at “the soon to be bride-to-be” with unbiased eyes, bearing in mind the clothing she is wearing and her figure. They determine the rate by her beauty and once that is chosen, her other half now rules her. This point is also shown at the town hearing between Odukwe and Uzowulu. “The law of the clan is that you need to return her bride-to-be rate” (91 ). They are contesting the female as though they would fight over money. The Ibo ladies are likewise not always welcome are common events and are thought of as outsiders. It was clear from the way the crowd stood or sat that the event was for men” (87 ). The females are plainly represented as being inferior to guys. Chinua Achebe’s book illustrates the different spheres of genders in a culture like Okonkwo’s. Each plays a particular part in the neighborhood that was changed when the whites came to colonize. The feasible point of “Mother is Supreme” is overthrown with the severe treatment of ladies. While they are offered some benefits, like contributing to the federal government and planting, the men plainly manage them. They reside in different spheres and each have the stereotypes of their gender to up-hold.