Maduena 1 Thomas Maduena Mrs. Aisola English 4 December 16, 2012 Non-traditional Culture of the Ibo People in Nigeria The Ibo people, typically called Igbo, are among the largest and most considerable ethnic groups of Southern Nigeria (Igboland). Their culture and customs are so varied because their group is fragmented into subgroups.
Chinua Achebe explains the tough and cultural ways of the Ibo individuals in his novel Things Fall Apart.
Their customizeds can be compared however, nonetheless they have kept their traditions remained the same throughout their history. Origin; Ibo individuals originated in the Kingdom of Nri. “Nri Kingdom in the Awka location is the cradle of Igbo civilization and culture” (destee. com) It is also among the most earliest Nigerian kingdoms. Although Nri individuals were a different group, they affected the traditional Igbo people with their customizeds and practices. “There is a bit of Nri in all people … Igbo is Nri and Nri is Igbo … you are Nri and Nri is you …” (destee. om) The orgin of the Igbo people can be argued about, however no doubt the originated from the Nri Individuals. Traditional Society; Although some ill-informed individuals would only see that the Ibo people are really primitive and barbaric, they had their own kind of federal government, management, and economy. “The fundamental unit of Igbo life was the village group … household head” (qub. ac. uk) The “household head” or modern colloquial, the man of the house, would be the older male, In most cases the dad. He settled all concerns within and outside his family, and was the one to Maduena 2 speak to higher members of the clan or in the village. Social status is based upon wealth, despite profession. The Igbo compare obgenye or mbi (the poor), dinkpa (the reasonably thriving), and nnukwu madu or ogaranya (the rich).” (everyculture. com) Titles were a significant function in every Nigerian people whether it be the Ibos, Yorubas, or Hausas. A title provided respect and honor to their household. “Okonkwo was popular throughout the nine villages … fame rested on strong personal achievements.” (Things Break Down P. 1, Chinua Achebe) His title was made throughout his life and solely on himself, which gave him a god credibility and being appreciated. There was a hierarchy of ascending titles that were to be taken in order, accompanied by a rising scale of payments.” (qub. a/c. uk) Titles were difficult to come by and had a comprehensive process. Routines were obtained and having a title gave the person a sense of success. Their towns are really dependent on one another. Any interference with their village would be taken up to the leader of the clan and if necessary raised to the elders. Choices would impact their entire town or town and need to be thoroughly checked with. Oracles played a crucial role for Ibo towns since of their consistency of being reputable.
In “Things Break Down” the Oracle was an important character in their choices made. “And there were indeed occasions when the Oracle had forbidden Umuofia to wage a war. If the clan had actually disobeyed the Oracle they would certainly have actually been beaten.” (Things Fall Apart P. 11, Chinua Achebe) The Umuofia individuals are so superstitious that they will not make any major decisions without very first speaking with the gods through the Oracle. Their thought is that just the Gods can validate when the time to war is right. Government; The Igbo leaders of the village and the common individuals all interact to form a democracy.
They all participate to make their towns such a working Maduena 3 community. “Possibly it was the small scale of their political organizations that made Igbo Land such a good example of what a democracy should be. A few of the very first European visitors to this region were struck by the extent to which democracy was genuinely practiced.” (qub. ac. uk) Igbo people are not the barbarians individuals consider them to be. They just have an unconventional method of having a steady society. Household and Marital relationship; Families would reside in the town group, however all living in separate sections.
Males and seniors would receive the outmost regard. The earliest male was normally the leader of the substance and there were many different groups in that compound. The rule of seniority was typically the placement where the individual would be in their status. Marital relationship was ideal for every single lady particularly. “When a kid betroths a woman, the matter does not end there. The households of the contracting parties will start a series of investigations about the character, house training, lineage, health, clan relationship They required a man to provide for them and their future children. (kwenu. com) Marital relationship was not as simple as it is contemporaries. Marital relationship needs completely planning to get the very best for their kid, most likely their child. Polygamy was common and considered. If they were a successful male, they had as much spouses as they could marry. Male would have several better halves and several kids. Other halves were ranked according to the order in which they married the typical other half. Seniority was also essential in children. The very first male and female children of the domestic group were more important than the next children to be born.
First-born kids were provided specific and accountable positions in their household. Initiation rite; Kid are normally the ones to have considerable events happen to them. Circumcision is common in present day around the globe. Ibo individuals too think in this. “The distinction is they also circumcise women. The rite of Circumcision, whereby a kid Maduena 4 is initiated into his culture, occurs on the eighth day after birth, when he or she is circumcised.” (kenwu. com) Another rite in Igbo culture would be Iru-mgbede (fattening of a girl prior to marital relationship).
Igbo people believed that if the mother were physically healthy, the kid would be born healthy and able to endure. Igba Mgba (wrestling) was how one ended up being a warrior or well known throughout the community. This was the way Okonkwo initially started to construct his credibility as a great skilled warrior. “As a boy of eighteen he had actually brought honor to his town by throwing Amalizine the Cat.” (Things Break Down P. 3 Chinua Achebe) Amalizine the Feline was a fantastic wrestler whose back would never ever touch the ground, Okonkwo defeated him and with that acquired his honor and regard. Every man wished to be appreciated.
Culture and beliefs; Spirits, gods and the unknown were not something to be hindered and the Igbo individuals significantly feared the supernatural.” The darkness held a vague fear for these individuals … children were alerted not to whistle during the night for worry of fiends.” (Things Fall Apart P. 9 Chinua Achebe) Night was deeply feared. Animals were thought to end up being more vicious at night. Moonlight nevertheless would bring tranquility. People would go out for walks and kids would be playing. A lot of marital relationships and celebrations would be held in the evening leading on to the night. Among the biggest events was the Feast of New Yam.
Most West African nations commemorate this. The Banquet of New Yam represented the end of a harvest and the start of the next work cycle. “… To honor the earth goddess and the ancestral spirits of the clan. New yams might not be consumed until some head first been used to these powers.” (Things Break Down P. 32 Chinua Achebe) They strongly thought in sacrifice and giving the their greater beings. Although beating their better halves and kids is looked upon as strength to keep things in order, lots of Maduena 5 African people consisting of the Igbo culture practiced the Week of Peace.
Any disrespect towards customs was handled the seniors of the elders of the tribe. No work or violence need to happen during to week of peace in order to wish his/her future crop to grow. “Okonkwo broke the peace, and was penalized …” (Things Break Down P. 25 Chinua Achebe) His penalty was to compromise a female goat, a hen, a length of cloth, and one hundred cowries in order to keep from harvest ending up bad. Respect to their culture is obligatory for everyone in the people. Modern Igbo culture; Today, there are as numerous churches along with mosques and traditional faith worship centers in Enugu State.
The state is mainly comprised of Christians, however likewise had many catholic and protestant churches in Enugu State. Much of the Igbo’s customs are still commemorated, however things like abusing your kids and wife is not kept. Monogamous relationships are a lot more typical and they commemorate vacations since they are converted into Christians.” Among the most important events in Igboland is Christmas and it signifies house return in the town … Igbo households consider their one and just real house their home in the town. It is the 2 weeks around Christmas which bring families back together to the town. (igboguide. org) Modern Ibo individuals are more focused in unity within their family and their towns. Unlike crazes Break down, masculinity is not a major characteristic, peace and affection has actually replaced it. Although the Ibo culture and religious beliefs has altered, the tough and rigidness is something they will constantly have. Ibo individuals are really spiritual, as shown in Things Break down. Ibo individuals in nature lionize, if regard is revealed towards them. Their customs have actually changed, however that will never change who they are at heart. Maduena 6 Figure 1 http://www. globalsecurity. rg/military/world/ nigeria/maps. htm Figure 2 http://amaigboyouth. wordpress. com/maps/ Maduena 7 Work Mentioned Achebe, Chinua. Things Fall Apart. London: William Heinemann Limited, part of Reed Consumer Books, 1959. Print. Advameg Inc. “Countries and Their Cultures.” Economy. n. d. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. the Cradle of Igbo Civilization.”Black Individuals Meet. n. d., 11 Jan. 2011. Web. 12 Dec. 012.. Froiland, Andrew. “African People– Ibo– Igbo Culture.” African Tribes– Ibo– Igbo Culture. Minnesota State University Mankato, n. d. Web. 13 Dec. 2012. <. Onyemaechi, Uzoma, and Ann Arboy. "Igbo Culture and Socialization." Igbo Culture. University of Michigan, n. d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. <