Things Fall Apart Critical Analysis
Excellent Literature is beyond its instant context Chinua Achebe’s 1958 unique, Things Fall Apart clearly develops the declaration ‘Excellent literature is beyond its immediate context’ to be germane and real. The books tragic lead character, Okonkwo embodies a character well beyond an African context. His personality can be paralleled to those of crucial Shakespearean characters in the Western literary canon and therefore has universal relevance. Achebe’s expert use of narrative functions such as the concerns of masculinity and power, characterisation, themes and symbolic and idiomatic language, assists in creating textual integrity.
These qualities provide universal appeal as the text can be valued from post-colonial and gender perspectives which explore the human nature. Achebe’s Things Fall Apart, examines the exploitation of a standard African culture through the development of colonial forces. Achebe shows the Igbo heritage through the spiritual principles and worths which are closely related to its nature and religious beliefs. Through Achebe’s characterisation of Okonkwo, as a person who struggles with his personal identity in the face of fantastic change, to show the concept of masculinity.
This contributes to our understanding of the intrinsic defects that emerge in mankind. The simile, “his track record had actually grown like a bushfire in the harmattan” catches the societal appreciation for Okonkwo thus enhancing the tribal worths of strength and nerve. Subsequently, Okonkwo represents the patriarchal worths of masculinity, illuminating his inflexible will and underlying “fear of failure”. His position in society is reflected in ancestral principles where “Okonkwo ruled his family with a heavy hand. Okonkwo’s masculinity becomes too overwhelming and leads to a savage pounding of his 3rd other half during peace week, therefore jeopardizing Okonkwo’s integrity. Through Okonkwo’s deadly flaw, arrogance, Achebe informs us on the requirement for balance and shows the element of humanity which can be clearly seen in Shakespearean and Aristotelian literature thus providing universal interest. Okonkwo’s pursuit of power originates from his fear of losing control, reinforcing the universal concept of an awful hero. The ideas of fate and fate highlight the significance of values related to natural order which can not be affected by humanity.
The metonym of the python that is related to Okonkwo’s return to the town symbolises the altering context in addition to foreshadowing the discontinuity of the Native values of the Igbo society. Okonkwo’s desire to establish a track record in addition to get power and control verifies a warring psyche as an outcome of yearning to remain a terrific male of his immediate society. The human mental battles in regards to power and will have been carried from a classical Aristotelian context to an African culture and will continue to affect changing contexts due to the universality of the human psyche.
The damaging effects of manifest destiny are developed through a post-colonial perspective which permits an insight into Achebe’s representation of the flaws of the disparate contexts. Mr Brown, the very first spiritual missionary presents British influence to the Umuofian society. The possibility of assimilation in between the 2 cultures was guaranteeing when Mr Brown who “happened appreciated by the clan” was rewarded with a “carved elephant tusk” nevertheless when he is conquered by illness the brand-new missionary Mr Smith despised the belief of integration.
Textual stability has actually been developed through the contrasting culture and value systems. Tim Robbins, professor of contemporary research studies at Kings College states that the line, “the clan can no longer think like one” indicates that it is Western ideologies that have actually reduced the Igbo culture. Furthermore, Robbins argues that Okonkwo’s supreme failure was not straight triggered by the European colonists however by overpowering internal flaws. This principle of the internal battle is echoed throughout many Western literature canons where the terrible lead character comes undone at the end due to their own internal defect.
Achebe uses a compelling insight into the Igbo culture which continues to remain appropriate and impact contexts beyond its own period due to the universal battles affiliated with the human psyche; in this case Okonkwo and his journey to remove external interruptions. Achebe examines the defects of both African and Western society through these point of views. Achebe’s Things Break down will stay classic across changing due to the universal concepts of the human mind it checks out.