Things fall apart a catastrophe
Lay out for essay over Things Break down Thesis: Achebe specifies Things Break down as a disaster through Okonkwo, who is a tragic hero, and by the pity and fear excited in the reader. I. Intro A. Author’s last name and Book title B. Aristotle’s definition of catastrophe C. Function of a tragedy, according to Aristotle D. Thesis II. Okonkwo as tragic hero A. Okonkwo is high-ranking– part of the egwugwus (87-94) B. Okonkwo is dignified– Battled and won “The Cat” (3) C. Courageous– went many times into fight and “made his very first head” (54) D. Downfall 1. By Awful Defect– inadaptability 2.
By uncontrollable events 3. Wisdom got– understood he should adapt, however can not– so he hangs himself III. The pity aroused by Achebe A. The people do not like Okonkwo for his treatment of less successful males (26 ). B. Death of Ikemefuna (87) C. Okonkwo beats Nwoye, due to his attraction to the Christian faith. (148-153) IV. The worry excited by Achebe A. When Okonkwo discovers that Ikemefuna needs to pass away, the reader fears that he will die, and how he will end up dying. (87) B. When the priestess states that Agbala wants to speak with Enzima, we wonder (likewise due to Ekwefi’s worry) C.
Fear is excited when the dispute develops between Okonkwo and Nwoye over the argument of Nwoye’s desire to be a Christian V. Conclusion A. Restatement of Thesis B. Concluding Remarks Things Fall Apart: A Disaster Things Fall Apart, by Chinua Achebe, is book about a male named Okonkwo, who belongs to the Ibo culture of the mid-first centuries of AD. Aristotle specifies a catastrophe as a work that supplies catharsis by the usage of a terrible hero who is within a tragic setting or environment. Achebe exposes Things Falls Apart as a tragedy through his tragic hero, Okonkwo, and by the pity and fear excited in the reader.
Okonkwo is a tragic hero, in every because of the definition. Aristotle specifies a tragedy as a work that is meant to provide catharsis, or “arouse pity and fear in the audience so that we might be purged, or cleansed, of … upsetting emotions” (Aristotle 796). This is finished with “serious, important occasions, in which the main character pertains to a dissatisfied end” (796 ). This character’s downfall arises from “a terrible defect, a character weak point, or occasions beyond the character’s control” (796 ). To conclude Aristotle’s definition of a catastrophe, it mentions that the tragic hero normally “gains some self-knowledge or knowledge in spite of defeat” (796 ).
Achebe tells the reader that some of the women of the people observed that the second egwugwu had the “springy” walk of Okonkwo (89 ), revealing his high rank in society. It goes on to state that he was not among the “titled” males (90 ), additional proving his high rank, in that he was the 2nd egwugwu. As a dignified character he “brought honor to the clan” by throwing ‘Amalinze the Cat” (3 ). When Okonkwo was younger, he courageously entered into battles and “stalked his victim”, eventually eliminating him to acquire his “first human head” (54 ).
Okonkwo’s tragic flaw was his inability to adjust to the changes of his culture, stubbornly seeking to adhere to the old ways he when new. When a messenger concerned stop among the people’s meetings, Okonkwo rose up and eliminated him, since of his hate, his pride, and his inability to adapt, which proved to be his failure (204 ). His failure was also due to the unmanageable occasions of the missionaries who pertained to Umofia. Lastly, Obierka states that the missionaries “drove him [Okonkwo] to eliminate himself” (208 ). This quote shows how he recognized he might not adjust or endure in his culture.
With that in mind, he felt he might not live any longer. The reader likely feels pity when Achebe tells the reader of this through the eyes and mouth of Obierka. Achebe aroused pity, among things Aristotle says need to remain in a disaster, in his readers through the occasions he placed in his book. In the extremely starting chapter four, an “old man” who “bore no ill will” toward Okonkwo, and “appreciated” him for his good luck was “struck” by the “brusqueness” Okonkwo had when dealing with “less effective guys” (26 ).
In the previous week, an unsuccessful man had “opposed” him at a “kindred” meeting, held to talk about concerns (27 ). “Without looking” at whoever this male was, Okonkwo called out to him: “This conference is for guys” due to the fact that the male “had no titles” (26 ), reveling Okonkwo’s severe habits. Okonkwo “knew how to eliminate a man’s spirit”, which was, perhaps, foreshadowing of how he eliminated Ikemefuna (61 ). This was another deeply pitying occasion, on behalf of not only Ikemefuna, because he dies, naturally, but likewise on behalf of Okonkwo, whose pride triggers him to eliminate his own son exciting pity for the male.
Additional inflicting pity is the truth that not just did Okonkwo dedicate the act of killing his adopted child, but likewise that it was done due to the fact that Okonkwo has a lot prideful fear of looking week. Near the middle of chapter seventeen Okonkwo learns that Nwoye, his kid, is drawn in to Christianity. This angers Okonkwo, causing him to “strike … savage blows” (151-152), arousing even more pity in the reader. The “savage blows”, along with other things, excited fear in Achebe’s readers. Among these other things was the reality that the reader learns through Okonkwo’s ears that the elders of Umofia have declared that Ikemefuna should pass away (57 ).
The old man who tells him this speak with him with a foreshadowing statement of “Do not bear a hand in his death” (57 ). This statement excites worry in the reader, who questions how, and if Ikemefuna will die, and whether Okonkwo will be the one to eliminate him. When Agbala “desires to see” Enzima, the priestess Chielo comes and requires her. Worry is then provoked in the reader as to if Enzima will ever be seen again, alive! Between page 100-109, Ekwefi and Okonkwo go on an adventure to protect Enzima from practically certain death. Thankfully, Chielo quenches all fears when she brings Enzima back, alive and well (111 ).
The last aroused fear is of what Okonkwo’s treatment to Nwoye will be when he learns Nwoye has actually been with the missionaries (151 ). In conclusion, Achebe has actually completely exposed Things Break down as a tragedy with his awful hero, Okonkwo, and by the pity and fear excited in the reader; for that reason, Achebe successfully and precisely fulfills Aristotle’s meaning of a disaster. Work Mentioned Achebe, Chinua. Things Fall Apart. New York: Anchor Books, 1959. Aristotle. Focusing on Background– Aristotle’s View of Tragedy and the Awful Hero.