Isaac Lee 9Ak Essay Lord of the Flies The human mind: Id. vs. Ego and Superego Lord of the flies was written by William Golding.
It has to do with a group of kids who crash-landed on the island. They are to survive and as the novel progresses, the boys’ imaginations takes them to hallucinating about a ‘beast’ being on the island. The ‘beast’ is a representation of worry and causes the power struggle between Ralph and Jack with Simon standing by the side. William Golding utilizes the power battle as a representation of the human mind, how the Id, the savage, standard instinct of our mind is constantly there and the factor for civilization (e. social interaction and guidelines and the effects.) The power struggle represents the human mind. The three main characters are the representation of the three parts of the mind, concentrating on the Id, which is always there floating in the back of ones mind. The human mind is split into 3 various parts, the Id, the Ego and the Superego as thought by an austrian neurologist– Sigmund Freud. The Id is the set of uncoordinated instinctual patterns, basically, the cravings for everything we prefer.
Freud believed that the Id was driven by the ‘sex drive’– the energy from life’s impulse and the will to survive, it gives the sensation to desire. The ego is the organized sensible part of your mind, it pleases the Id by controlling it through any ways to divert, transform or converting the powerful force of Id to helpful and practical modes of complete satisfaction that can be carried out in truth and suppresses the need for everything. The superego is your conscience, it judges the right and wrong, it seeks excellence that is beyond the limits of truth, even beyond the ego.
Overall, the ego is always negotiating with the id, attempting to prevent it from over whelming itself while the superego monitors, jumps in when it thinks that it Lee, p. 2 can have an ethical decision about the scenario. In the Lord of the Flies, Jack represents the id. He has an unquenchable thirst to kill and to grow e. g. ‘He tried to communicate the compulsion to find and kill that was swallowing him up.’ (P70) The impulse in him to murder was consuming him. In the story. As he advances, he begins to show signs of savagery. In the eginning, they all had one opinion but that altered radically as the ‘beast’ showed up. When Jack became aware of the beast, the very first thing he wanted to do was to hunt the monster. As you could state, that the beast was a flame that triggered of Jack’s Id, after that, he left the tribe and formed his own, a manifestation for power. As Jack does in the book, the Id springs out, takes control of control of our mind and makes the most of our fear of the monster. Shortly after that, they began to praise and offering the head of what they kill to the monster.
As the Id was driven by the ‘sex drive’, Jack was driven by hunting. Then, the beast’s type was a motif, a consistently taking place concept, or thing, which upon repeating derives it’s indicating in relationship to the theme. The very first time that the monster appeared, nobody actually believed in the beast. In page 34, a kid informs Ralph through Piggy ‘He wants to know what you are going to do about the monster thing. ‘(P48). After that, they chuckled it off, as if it wasn’t genuine. However after a while, in chapter, they begin to doubt whether the beast is real or not, when samneric saw a ‘shape’ on the hill.
The result– They were absolutely horrified about the ‘beast’. Ralph represents the Ego in the Lord of the Flies since he has actually constantly been struggling with Jack in power and strength. An essential minute in the book of the power struggle is when Jack leaves the tribe ‘”I’m going off by myself. He can catch his own pigs. Anybody who wants to hunt when I do can come too. “‘ Lee, p. 3 This shows that Jack is far apart from the other individuals and only appreciates himself. This shows that Jack is power hungry and just appreciates himself. This represents that the Ego is trying to control the Id.
As the ego, it is also trying to divert the power of the Id to reasonable techniques as specified previously, when Jack raised that concern of hunting for food everyday therefore, Ralph chose that Jack might hunt, however not every hour so they can keep the fire going. For that reason, Ralph represents the Ego. Simon represents the superego in the Lord of the Flies. When Simon became aware of the beast, he didn’t cringe away, scared of the monster, he did the opposite. The only person who does not think that there is a monster is Simon. Simon later on discovers that the physical ‘shape’ is really a male in a parachute being dragged up the hill by the wind.
He then goes to untangle the figure, even though it is foul and rotten away. We can see this in this quote: Simon knelt on all fours and was ill till his stomach was empty. Then he took the lines in his hands; he freed them from the rocks and the? gure from the wind’s indignity. He saves the figure despite the fact that it is not obligatory, he saves it out of his own goodness and will, he does this not for the higher great, however only because just because it is unjust for a corpse that has to be strung up like that. Therefore, Simon represents the superego in the Lord of the Flies. The ‘beast’ in the book is a manifestation of worry.
This paragraph will concentrate on how our worry or Id is always part of us, in the back of our minds, automatically. Mentioned in the previous paragraphs, it shows that the mind is divided into 3 various parts, the id, the ego and the superego. The id gnaws at us, when there is a trigger to set us off. The person who actually became an ‘id’ was Jack, by the end of the book he was a dehumanized animal. The trigger for Jack was the ‘monster’ itself. When they saw the physical form of the monster, which was simply a guy on a parachute, they were Lee, p. 4 definitely terrified, they escaped from it as quickly as they could.
Something fascinating to mention was as Ralph was running down the mountain, it also said that: ‘Ralph discovered himself taking huge strides among the ashes, heard other animals sobbing out and leaping and dared the impossible on the dark slope; currently the mountain was deserted, save for the tree abandoned sticks and the important things that bowed. (p135)’ Notice how here that it describes the other kids as ‘other creatures’ but not young boys. They are descending into the darkness of primitive humans. Initially, they were placing on face paint and simply laughing it off, however then it gets really major as revealed through this quote: The face of red and white and black, swung through the air and jigged towards Bill. Bill launched laughing; then suddenly he fell quiet and messed up away through the bushes. Jack rushed towards the twins. “The rest are making a line. Begin!” “However-” “-We-” “Come on! I’ll creep up and stab-” The mask compelled them.’ (P66) Notice that Jack said that they are making a line and they will approach and stab them. This assesses the final scene how the hunt for Ralph is much like this scene, it is supplying foreshadowing for later. They stab to satisfy their own requirement to hunt.
A fantastic example for this is from Simon’s death to Piggy’s death and finally to the searching of Jack. At the death of Simon, we can inform that it was an accident and it was ambiguous whether it was intentional or unintended, they were all driven to fear with the environments. Then came Piggy’s death. Ralph and Piggy concerned Jack’s fort for serene ways to request for Piggy’s glasses back. However then, they entered an argument and came teeth to teeth combating. Roger observed from above and as it says: ‘High overhead, Roger, with a sense of delirious abandonment, leaned all his weight on the lever. ‘(p200– 201) and then,
Lee, p. 5 ‘The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee; the conch took off into a thousand white pieces and ceased to exist. Piggy, saying nothing, with no time for even a grunt, travelled through the air sideways from the rock, turning over as he went. The rock bounded two times and was lost in the forest. Piggy fell forty feet and landed on his back throughout that square, red rock in the sea. ‘(P200-201) This reveals that Roger, under the influence of Jack, did this terrible act of violence on function, killing Piggy easily. But the most inhumane act they did was to hunt and eliminate Ralph.
The reason? Hunting is an act of primarily gaining something like meat and such while here, they are searching Ralph simply for enjoyment and to add on to that, searching is typically to hunt animals, however here they are hunting a human. In addition, here is an extraction from the hunting of Ralph. ‘The ululation spread from coast to shore. The savage knelt down by the edge of the thicket, and there were lights flickering in the forest behind him.’ (Page 221) The searching of Ralph takes place throughout the island. The young boys are no longer being described as boys in this quote, as mentioned that ‘The savage knelt’ (P221).
The kids have genuinely become uncivilized barbarians, searching each other as if it was just a video game of enjoyable. An intriguing point in the book is when Simon is speaking to the imaginary ‘Lord of the flies’. It holds something really sinister. ‘You understood, didn’t you? I become part of you? Close, close, close! I’m the reason that it’s no go? Why things are what they are?’ (P158) The Lord of the Flies is always part of us. This supports how it is worry itself that is haunting these young boys, they come down into darkness with out civilization. The head talks to Simon in a threatening method, with ‘Why things are what they are? ‘, suggesting that we created it ourselves.
Lee, p. 6 The crucial of civilization and how, without it we would become savages is a broad topic. The main focus of civilization in this book is fire. Symbolically, the fire represent the will to be civilized; the absence of the fire represent the loss of civilization. The fire in this book is a symbol for civilization since they keep it going to indicate a ship, in the end, they simply give up on keeping the fire opting for two factors, one, Samneric saw the ‘monster’ on the hill, which made them horrified, second, there was not enough people when most of the people from Ralph’s tribe visited sign up with Jack’s people.
Piggy specifies that ‘”That’s where they have actually gone. Jack’s party. “‘(P188) They lose the will to live. Jack’s perfect of a great life on the island is to hunt and eliminate nothing else while Ralph’s ideal is to sustain the smoke from a fire so a ship will see it and come rescue them. An information to point out is likewise that Piggy states on P37 ‘I wager it’s gone tea-time’ This restores what they were doing back at home– a regimen. Here in the jungle, they have just recently crashed and have no organization whatsoever, by saying this, Piggy is bringing back the children to what they would have done if they were back in civilization.
Another reason for civilization and social interactions is that we would go insane if it were not that we had someone to speak with. For instance, when Simon was traversing to the plant’s head that Jack’s people had actually eliminated and offered to the imaginary ‘monster’, this character the ‘Lord of the flies’ appears in Simon’s unconsciousness, he begins to hallucinate. ‘Simon shook. “There isn’t anyone to assist you. Just me. And I’m the Monster. “‘. When we are alone, things like this start to take place. ‘The world, that reasonable and lawful world, was escaping’ (P98).
Another example of the group coming down into civilization is when Jack meant to eliminate Ralph: ‘Vicious, with full intent, he tossed his spar at Ralph.’ (P201) We don’t eliminate a fellow human being that easily and when we do it is with reason, however here, Jack tosses it at Ralph, with intent however without factor. The murderous hate has taken in Ralph. He is uncivilized and barbaric. In conclusion, Lord of the Flies is a book where the power struggle between Ralph and Jack, however with Simon as the introduction figure, is a representation of the human character, with Simon and
Lee, p. 7 Ralph attempting to contain Jack simply as in the mind how the Ego and Superego try to consist of the Id, how the Id is always in the back of mind and without civilization we would descend into becoming savages. However the kids, as formerly discussed, were just around 10 to twelve years of ages and kids as the symbol of innocence however yet they consider and commit such inhumane acts, does it not mean that we are all savages at the bottom of our heart too?