The Human Mind: Id .vs. Ego and Superego (Lord of the Flies

Isaac Lee 9Ak Essay Lord of the Flies The human mind: Id. vs. Ego and Superego Lord of the flies was composed by William Golding.

It is about a group of kids who crash-landed on the island. They are to survive and as the novel progresses, the kids’ imaginations takes them to hallucinating about a ‘beast’ being on the island. The ‘monster’ is a representation of fear and causes the power struggle between Ralph and Jack with Simon standing by the side. William Golding utilizes the power battle as a representation of the human mind, how the Id, the savage, fundamental impulse of our mind is constantly there and the factor for civilization (e. social interaction and rules and the repercussions.) The power struggle represents the human mind. The 3 main characters are the representation of the 3 parts of the mind, focusing on the Id, which is always there drifting in the back of ones mind. The human mind is split into 3 various parts, the Id, the Ego and the Superego as thought by an austrian neurologist– Sigmund Freud. The Id is the set of uncoordinated instinctual patterns, basically, the hunger for whatever we prefer.

Freud thought that the Id was driven by the ‘sex drive’– the energy from life’s instinct and the will to make it through, it gives the feeling to desire. The ego is the arranged realistic part of your mind, it pleases the Id by controlling it through any methods to divert, change or transforming the powerful force of Id to beneficial and practical modes of complete satisfaction that can be carried out in reality and suppresses the need for whatever. The superego is your conscience, it judges the right and incorrect, it looks for excellence that is beyond the limits of reality, even beyond the ego.

In general, the ego is constantly negotiating with the id, trying to prevent it from over whelming itself while the superego supervises, leaps in when it thinks that it Lee, p. 2 can have a moral choice about the scenario. In the Lord of the Flies, Jack represents the id. He has an unquenchable thirst to kill and to thrive e. g. ‘He attempted to communicate the obsession to locate and eliminate that was swallowing him up.’ (P70) The impulse in him to murder was consuming him. In the story. As he progresses, he begins to show signs of savagery. In the eginning, they all had one opinion however that changed drastically as the ‘monster’ showed up. When Jack became aware of the monster, the very first thing he wanted to do was to hunt the beast. As you could state, that the monster was a flame that sparked of Jack’s Id, after that, he left the tribe and formed his own, a symptom for power. As Jack performs in the book, the Id gets up, takes over control of our mind and takes advantage of our fear of the beast. Quickly after that, they began to praise and using the head of what they eliminate to the monster.

As the Id was driven by the ‘sex drive’, Jack was driven by searching. Then, the beast’s type was a motif, a repeatedly taking place idea, or thing, which upon repetition derives it’s implying in relationship to the theme. The first time that the beast appeared, no one actually believed in the beast. In page 34, a kid informs Ralph through Piggy ‘He would like to know what you are going to do about the monster thing. ‘(P48). After that, they laughed it off, as if it wasn’t genuine. But after a while, in chapter, they start to doubt whether the beast is genuine or not, when samneric saw a ‘shape’ on the hill.

The outcome– They were absolutely frightened about the ‘beast’. Ralph represents the Ego in the Lord of the Flies because he has actually always been battling with Jack in power and strength. A crucial moment in the book of the power struggle is when Jack leaves the people ‘”I’m going off by myself. He can capture his own pigs. Anyone who wishes to hunt when I do can come too. “‘ Lee, p. 3 This shows that Jack is far apart from the other people and only appreciates himself. This shows that Jack is power hungry and just cares about himself. This symbolizes that the Ego is trying to control the Id.

As the ego, it is likewise trying to divert the power of the Id to realistic methods as mentioned previously, when Jack raised that question of hunting for food daily and so, Ralph chose that Jack might hunt, however not every hour so they can keep the fire going. Therefore, Ralph represents the Ego. Simon represents the superego in the Lord of the Flies. When Simon became aware of the monster, he didn’t tremble away, afraid of the monster, he did the opposite. The only individual who does not believe that there is a monster is Simon. Simon later discovers that the physical ‘shape’ is really a guy in a parachute being dragged up the hill by the wind.

He then goes to untangle the figure, despite the fact that it is foul and rotten away. We can see this in this quote: Simon knelt on all fours and was sick till his stomach was empty. Then he took the lines in his hands; he freed them from the rocks and the? gure from the wind’s indignity. He conserves the figure despite the fact that it is not obligatory, he waits out of his own goodness and will, he does this not for the greater good, but just because even if it is unfair for a corpse that needs to be strung up like that. Therefore, Simon represents the superego in the Lord of the Flies. The ‘beast’ in the book is a manifestation of fear.

This paragraph will concentrate on how our worry or Id is always part of us, in the back of our minds, unconsciously. Discussed in the previous paragraphs, it reveals that the mind is split into 3 different parts, the id, the ego and the superego. The id gnaws at us, when there is a trigger to set us off. The individual who truly became an ‘id’ was Jack, by the end of the book he was a dehumanized animal. The trigger for Jack was the ‘beast’ itself. When they saw the physical type of the beast, which was simply a guy on a parachute, they were Lee, p. 4 definitely frightened, they ran away from it as fast as they could.

Something interesting to explain was as Ralph was diminishing the mountain, it also stated that: ‘Ralph found himself taking huge strides amongst the ashes, heard other creatures weeping out and jumping and dared the impossible on the dark slope; currently the mountain was deserted, save for the tree abandoned sticks and the important things that bowed. (p135)’ Notification how here that it explains the other kids as ‘other creatures’ however not young boys. They are descending into the darkness of primitive human beings. Initially, they were putting on face paint and just chuckling it off, but then it gets really severe as shown through this quote: The face of red and white and black, swung through the air and jigged towards Expense. Bill started up laughing; then all of a sudden he fell silent and messed up away through the bushes. Jack rushed towards the twins. “The rest are making a line. Come on!” “However-” “-We-” “Come on! I’ll approach and stab-” The mask obliged them.’ (P66) Notice that Jack said that they are making a line and they will creep up and stab them. This reviews the final scene how the hunt for Ralph is just like this scene, it is supplying foreshadowing for later. They stab to please their own requirement to hunt.

An excellent example for this is from Simon’s death to Piggy’s death and lastly to the hunting of Jack. At the death of Simon, we can tell that it was an accident and it was ambiguous whether it was deliberate or unintended, they were all driven to fear with the environments. Then came Piggy’s death. Ralph and Piggy pertained to Jack’s fort for tranquil means to request for Piggy’s glasses back. But then, they got into an argument and came teeth to teeth combating. Roger observed from above and as it says: ‘High overhead, Roger, with a sense of delirious abandonment, leaned all his weight on the lever. ‘(p200– 201) and after that,

Lee, p. 5 ‘The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee; the conch blew up into a thousand white fragments and ceased to exist. Piggy, saying absolutely nothing, with no time for even a grunt, took a trip through the air sideways from the rock, turning over as he went. The rock bounded two times and was lost in the forest. Piggy fell forty feet and arrived on his back throughout that square, red rock in the sea. ‘(P200-201) This shows that Roger, under the impact of Jack, did this vicious act of violence on purpose, eliminating Piggy easily. But the most inhumane act they did was to hunt and kill Ralph.

The reason? Hunting is an act of mainly gaining something like meat and such while here, they are hunting Ralph simply for enjoyment and to add on to that, hunting is normally to hunt animals, but here they are searching a human. In addition, here is an extraction from the hunting of Ralph. ‘The ululation spread from coast to coast. The savage knelt down by the edge of the thicket, and there were lights flickering in the forest behind him.’ (Page 221) The searching of Ralph occurs throughout the island. The boys are no longer being described as boys in this quote, as stated that ‘The savage knelt’ (P221).

The children have actually really become uncivilized barbarians, searching each other as if it was just a video game of enjoyable. An intriguing point in the book is when Simon is talking to the imaginary ‘Lord of the flies’. It holds something very sinister. ‘You knew, didn’t you? I belong to you? Close, close, close! I’m the reason why it’s no go? Why things are what they are?’ (P158) The Lord of the Flies is always part of us. This supports how it is worry itself that is haunting these kids, they descend into darkness with out civilization. The head talks to Simon in a threatening method, with ‘Why things are what they are? ‘, recommending that we created it ourselves.

Lee, p. 6 The essential of civilization and how, without it we would become savages is a wide topic. The main focus of civilization in this book is fire. Symbolically, the fire represent the will to be civilized; the lack of the fire represent the loss of civilization. The fire in this book is a symbol for civilization since they keep it going to signal a ship, in the end, they just give up on keeping the fire going for two factors, one, Samneric saw the ‘beast’ on the hill, which made them frightened, 2nd, there was inadequate individuals once most of the people from Ralph’s people went over to join Jack’s tribe.

Piggy specifies that ‘”That’s where they have actually gone. Jack’s celebration. “‘(P188) They lose the will to live. Jack’s perfect of a great life on the island is to hunt and kill nothing else while Ralph’s perfect is to sustain the smoke from a fire so a ship will see it and come rescue them. A detail to mention is likewise that Piggy states on P37 ‘I bet it’s gone tea-time’ This restores what they were doing back in the house– a regimen. Here in the jungle, they have simply recently crashed and have no organization whatsoever, by saying this, Piggy is reviving the children to what they would have done if they were back in civilization.

Another reason for civilization and social interactions is that we would go outrageous if it were not that we had someone to talk with. For instance, when Simon was passing through to the plant’s head that Jack’s people had killed and used to the fictional ‘beast’, this character the ‘Lord of the flies’ turns up in Simon’s unconsciousness, he starts to hallucinate. ‘Simon shook. “There isn’t anyone to help you. Just me. And I’m the Monster. “‘. When we are alone, things like this start to take place. ‘The world, that reasonable and legal world, was slipping away’ (P98).

Another example of the group coming down into civilization is when Jack meant to kill Ralph: ‘Vicious, with complete intent, he tossed his spar at Ralph.’ (P201) We don’t kill a fellow human being that easily and when we do it is with factor, however here, Jack throws it at Ralph, with intent however without factor. The murderous hate has taken in Ralph. He is uncivilized and barbaric. In conclusion, Lord of the Flies is a book where the power battle in between Ralph and Jack, however with Simon as the introduction figure, is a representation of the human character, with Simon and

Lee, p. 7 Ralph attempting to contain Jack simply as in the mind how the Ego and Superego attempt to consist of the Id, how the Id is constantly in the back of mind and without civilization we would come down into becoming savages. However the kids, as formerly discussed, were just around ten to twelve years of ages and kids as the sign of innocence but yet they consider and dedicate such inhumane acts, does it not mean that we are all savages at the bottom of our heart too?

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