A Raisin in the Sun is a play that focuses on the “American Dream” and one’s conception of a “much better life”. Each character in the play has their own view on what that dream is and what they perceive a better life to be. Hansberry concentrates on the significance of attaining one’s dreams regardless of the various severe struggles in life. Mama has dreams of providing her family with a better life she and her husband ever had. Mom stated, “Lord if this little plant do not get more sun than it’s been getting it ain’t never ever visiting spring once again.
” The plant signifies Mamas devotion to her dreams. Every morning she tends to her plant and discusses that even though it doesn’t get the amount of sunshine that is needed the plant is still alive. This likewise symbolizes that although her dreams have been postponed throughout her life she still keeps them alive and strives to attain them. Mother decided to put a down payment on a home in a white community understanding that this would keep the family together.
This also shows her belief in attaining the perfect American Dream. Mom is the head of the home and always ensures her kids remember where they originated from and to take pride in what they think in. She desires them to respect themselves and to be successful while preserving ethical boundaries. Ruth has comparable dreams as Mother does, she wishes to construct her own happy family and move towards a larger and better home. Ruth said to mama, “So you went and did it! APPRECIATION GOD! Please honey let me be glad, you be glad too. Ok walter a house. a home.”
Ruth’s reaction to how pleased she was when she discovered Mother bought a house demonstrates how much she does take care of her household and desires that American dream too. Ruth believes that ownership can bring happiness which is the concept of her “better life”. Beneatha’s dream is to end up being a physician and stand against ignorance in racism. Beneatha’s dreams were deferred since she matured in a society where people expected women to build homes rather than have real professions. Also money was another problem that had been holding her back from becoming a physician and pursuing her dream. Walter said to Beneatha,” Ain’t many ladies decide to be a physician.” Beneatha replied sardonically by saying,” Forgive me for wishing to be anything at all.” This shows how Walter is close minded and agrees on the views of females and their function in society. Beneatha and Walter disagreed on what the “American Dream” was since they both had such various ideas on what they depicted a better life to be.
Beneatha thinks that Walters imagine buying a liquor shop is a waste of money, she doesn’t feel Walter has the ambition or ability to make a success of such a company and is happy that her mother will not agree to the strategy. Beneatha’s character explicates a determined woman; she is different from other ladies in her generation because her dreams and aspirations are contrary to what is expected in the cultural customs. Walter is an example of a negative and positive character throughout the play due to his actions on attempting to achieve his ideal American dream. Walter is striving for financial independence and wants to own his business/ alcohol store. He wants to be the sole company for his household and family. Walter stated to mama,” A job mother, a task? I open and close car doors all day, I drive a male around in his limousine and I say, “yes, sir, no, sir; great, sir; shall I take the drive, sir” Mama that ain’t no kind of job, that ain’t nothing at all.”
This represents how Walter is ashamed of this task and how severely he wants to buy the alcohol business to become financially independent. His definition of a guy is by determining his success and capability to attend to his household. Walter goes through with trying to make his company happen by using a few of the insurance coverage money Mother had; he ends up losing his cash to a con-artist and this is when he recognizes the importance of his household’s dreams and where he originated from. Mom stated, “He finally come into his manhood today, didn’t he? Type of like a rainbow after the rain.” This symbolizes how Walter went from being towered above by his household to becoming his household’s hero, when he understood that he had to step up and be a man. He now understands what his concerns are which’s for him to stand by his household and deal with the future. In spite of all the issues the family had throughout the play at the end we see the Younger’s vacating their old house into a new one. Mama is bring her plant with her; this represents how they still have their old “roots” although they’re taking a brave action by moving into a white neighborhood and satisfying the American dream that they have actually all been yearning for.