Texts in Time Frankenstein and Bladerunner: )
Module A: Texts in Context “Mary Shelley’s worths are still pertinent to society today”. Talk about with recommendation to your knowledge of Blade Runner and Frankenstein. (1200 words) Frankenstein, Mary Shelley’s cautionary tale of science vs. religious beliefs was very first released in 1818, in a significantly nonreligious, however still patriarchal British society, amongst the aftermath of the French and Commercial transformations and a growing clinical research scene.
Upon the second release in 1831, the novel was welcomed with interest and appreciation for the young, female, somewhat controversial Shelley, with the worths and concerns raised in the story striking home in the minds of the still predominantly Christian audience, suggesting the repercussions of usurping God’s function of Developer and alerting about science without ethical borders.
Over a century later, in a context that might not be more opposite to Shelley’s 19th Century circumstances, director Ridley Scott launched Blade Runner, a future-noir-detective- action-science fiction-thriller, which not only crossed generic borders, but raised concerns not different to those raised by Shelley one hundred and fifty years previously.
The film, set in 2019, presents the Cold War influenced commercialism combined with the financial boom resulting in rampant consumerism, the potential effects of the ecologically hazardous activities of super-conglomerate corporations, unmanageable clinical advancements in the areas of cloning and stem cell research, and other problems appropriate to the 1982 audience by portraying a possible dystopian reality, plagued by worst case circumstance results of these universal issues.
Both of these texts handle thematic issues of science, religion, the environment and pursuit of knowledge, and think about the romantic suitables of humankind and the superb, however likewise attend to the exact same worths within wildly different contexts, recommending that Mary Shelley’s values are still pertinent to society today which values are naturally universal, and naturally ageless.
This perpetual importance is highlighted by the representation of worths consisting of the importance and function of a supreme being (and the implications of this), the significance of parenting to the social growth and health and wellbeing of a being, human or not, and the principle of humanity and its evidence in all beings. Belief in a supreme being, that is, a body that is greater than male, is a principle not just used to describe the Christian belief in God, however other complex or philosophical interpretations of the gratitude of the divine, in addition to explain the supreme beings of other faiths.
This principle has actually appeared in human society constantly, developing as society develops. In Mary Shelley’s context, although secularisation was taking place in the Western world, Britain remained a primarily Christian society, with God as the most important individual in many people’s life. The story of Frankenstein describes the lead character, Victor Frankenstein, developing life using science, essentially taking on the function of God as creator of Male.
This act has terrible effects for both creator and production, and is likened by Mary Shelley herself to the Ancient Greek myth of Prometheus in the books complete title: Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus, again emphasising the dreadful consequences of nullifying God’s role. Likewise, in Blade Runner, Tyrell has assumed the role of God in the dystopian Los Angeles, as head of the powerful Tyrell Corporation. He, like Victor Frankenstein, meets his fateful death, actually at the hands of his production.
Both texts utilize allusions to Christian literature to highlight the significance of the presence of a supreme being, with the addition of an especially pertinent quote from Paradise Lost at the start of Frankenstein, and scriptural recommendations such as the use the term “lost lamb” to describe replicant, Roy, in Blade Runner. Distinctions between the representations of these supreme beings represent the differences in contexts between the 2 texts.
In the more contemporary context of Blade Runner, consumerism has changed Christianity, and hence the head of a corporation has assumed the God-like obligations and status, although it is suggested that both creators, Victor and Tyrell, are answerable to a greater power as they are penalized by their developments. The representation of the importance of this belief in a higher being in both texts suggests that this principle is relevant to both contexts, and, in reality, to all contexts.
Society continuously values this idea, showing that Mary Shelley’s values were likewise appropriate to the 1980s audience of Blade Runner. The everlasting relevance of this value is evidence that values are essentially, universally ageless. Parental responsibility can be utilized to explain the function of a mom and daddy in raising a kid into an adapted, society-compatible grownup, and the liability of the parents when this is does not happen. Adult obligation is a concept valued by all societies alike, and moms and dads are frequently held accountable for their kid’s actions. The concern of the nature vs. urture argument appears in Frankenstein, as Victor developed a beast in an act of selfishness, and then abandoned him to grow alone on the planet without the love or care of a parent, recommending that support is vital to the psychological development of any animal. The inescapable deaths of both Victor and the creature can be attributable to Victor’s careless failure to provide any adult assistance, which is in direct contrast to his own excellent household upbringing. Likewise, the replicants in Blade Runner are developed by Tyrell without a past, which might perhaps be the underlying reason for the replicant rebellion.
Upon realising the significance of parental guidance, both creators attempt to embrace a more responsible approach to their creations, with Victor endeavouring to develop a mate for the beast, and Tyrell implanting memories into the replicants minds to create the impression of a childhood. These two texts illustrate that continuing value of support and the responsibility of parents, or developer in these cases, in the training of offspring by plainly depicting the negative effects when this attention is lacking.
This duty was a value of the society in both contexts, recommending that, once again, Mary Shelley’s values have a continuing importance to human society, and that these values are ever-relevant to all times and contexts. Humankind is a notion that has been valued throughout history, and deals with the consideration of the qualities that are distinct to the human types. Both Frankenstein and Blade Runner explore this concept, permitting the responder to analyse the qualities of the particular creations– the animal and the replicants.
In contrast to their self-obsessed developers, these developments appear “more human than human”, paradoxically the tag-line of Tyrell’s corporation. Mary Shelley uses conventions of the Romantic category to highlight gratitude of the sublime in the unique, in addition to some less visible conventions of Gothic (the dark underbelly of Romanticism) to check out the darker side of mankind. The concentric structure of the novel also enables the reader to establish a deeper insight into the human qualities of each of the characters.
Frankenstein’s monster has a fantastic gratitude for life, as do Blade Runner’s replicants, apparent by their extreme desire to outlast their 4 year life expectancy, epitomised in Roy’s address to Tyrell– “I desire more life, fucker”. The juxtaposition between this replicants’ yearnings for life with the boring droning of the Asian human population further suggests that mankind is not always unique to people. This is emphasised by Pris’s violent death scene, and Roy’s poignant last speech.
Both texts investigate the principles relating to humankind, and what constitutes humanity in a being. This continuation of the significance of this worth from Mary Shelley’s time through to the 1980s recommends the perpetual significance that occurs due to the ageless and universal nature of values. Values are principles and notions that are always evident in human society. The scenarios in which these values occur, and the plethora of methods which they are applied may vary significantly in between contexts, however the main principles have actually remained the same throughout the ages.
This is illustrated completely by the method that the values provided by Mary Shelley in her early 19th century unique Frankenstein are reapplied to a modern context in Ridley Scott’s movie Blade Runner, a century and a half later on. These worths, consisting of belief in a supreme being, the importance of parental obligation and the gratitude of the qualities that constitute mankind are evident in both texts, highlighting the endurance and longevity of such moral considerations over the duration of over 150 years, and essentially throughout all human society.