Postcolonial Literature (Persepolis & & Things Fall Apart)
There are various important approaches to studying literature. With recommendation of both texts you have studied, reveal what you believe the value to be in using a particular vital method. ‘Things Fall Apart’ by Chinua Achebe and ‘Persepolis’ by Marjane Satrapi follow a postcolonial important technique. Both books occur in a nation thought about politically inferior through western perspective and both texts, even though strengthen colonialists’ oppressive ideology, don’t stand completely against the colonialists and fault their own culture. They present the themes of dislocation on how western nfluences modifications, religious, social and affordable aspects in the Igbo and the Iranian society. ‘Things fall Apart’ presents an African reaction to British imperialism in contrary to Joseph Conrad’s ‘Heart of Darkness’, which provides African as “savage”. As stated by himself, “until the lions produce their own historians, the story of the hunt will glorify only the hunter”, so his intents are to defend the African, more specifically Igbo, culture that suffer from western inferior stereotypes. The book was written in English, directing it to western readers, but he includes many Igbo words to emonstrate its rich culture. In addition, the novel tells numerous sayings in from of oral custom to once again reveal the reader the complexity and morals of the Igbo culture. Achebe expresses this through Oberika’s speech “Amongst the Igbo the art of conversation is related to really extremely, and proverbs are the palm-oil with which words are eaten”, in which he metaphorically represent the importance of words as to that of food in Igbo, provided their farming nature. Achebe represents Igbo’s rich culture through the different stylistic techniques to counter the Eurocentric preconceptions of
African culture. ‘Persepolis’ is a graphic memoir that shows the author’s experiences maturing during the 1979 Islamic transformation in Iran. The book is a review of Western racism, and implicates that Western involvement and disturbance in Iran has substantial repercussions on their culture, politics and economy. The medium of the book integrates texts and images, which permits Satrapi to counter the mainly visual stereotypes of Iranians by western countries. A graphic book might be thought about to be a childish medium to provide such intricate political message, however by this she istracts the reader into actually associating with the characters in the book and consequently providing an insight of the Iranian culture through the eyes of a liberal Iranian family. Therefore, through the media of her book Satrapi has the ability to make readers effectively understand how the political discontent in Iran impacts individuals’s life. An example is the representation of the veil in the paused panel in pg. 3 which sets a paradoxical tone as there are two women that are using the veil, one pretending to strangulate her pal and saying “execution in the name of flexibility” and the other one riding on the back f a lady without the veil. In this method she condemns the oppressive custom of the Iranian culture. Furthemore Satrapi likewise tries to combat western stereotypes of Iranian women through the representation of numerous women’s various facial functions as they use the veil in panel in page. To be able to check out the postcolonial characteristics of Igbo culture, Chinua Achebe creates the protagonist Okonkwo, a male of cultural pride, of both physical and social power which stubbornly protects his clan till completion. And as a conrast Nwoye, Okonkwo’s boy, serves as the African who moves far from tradition
Through the protagonist’s voice the author seems to share his own ideas on colonialism, such as when Okonkwo says “We were entertained at his he [the white male’s] foolishness and permitted him to remain. Now he has won our bros, and our clan can no longer imitate one. He has actually put a knife on the things that held us together and we have actually fallen apart.” This declaration not just blames the colonizers however also the Igbo males who have allowing the white men to impose their customs and faith. This declaration is among the most considerable to comprehend the postcolonial view of he unique, by referencing its title with the imagery of a knife breaking things apart reveals not just the vicious overpowering intentions of the colonialists however also the vulnerability of the Igbo culture. And lastly, as the book ends with Okonkwo’s self-destructive tragic death it represents the futility and inefficiency in over battling colonizing forces and the failure of the lead character is the last sign of the Igbo culture falling apart. Likewise, in Persepolis the protagonist Marji, also experiences the aggravation of western overpowering influence on her culture. There are innumerous minutes in
Marjane’s youth in which she experiences prejudgments due to the Iranian stereotypes. For instance, when she is taking a trip outside the nation for the very first time she realizes that “as soon as they learn our nationality, they go through whatever, as though we were all terrorists. They treat us as though we have the plague.” This simile comparing being Iranian with having an illness victimizes the Iranian people, as it equates bigotry to an unreasonable and condemning repugnance. By sharing a young Iranian ignorant woman’s experience, westernized readers exist with another erception and ideally are able to overcome their own prejudgments. However Satrapi also condemns her conservative federal government by exposing the hypocrisy of the teachers as they ask the children to “tear out all the pictures of the Shah from your books.” As soon as again, the book reveals kids that are forced to grow in this censored federal government which discusses why Marji matures to desire western political and social beliefs represented by the different western product she values (posters, jean coats, songs and Cadillacs) and the desire of equal rights of women and liberal education.
For That Reason Marjane Satrapi, just like Chinua Achebe, fights stereotypes and condemns the westernized superiority at the same level she exposes the flaws of her own cultural system and impartially levels out the blame. Things Fall Apart exposes its readers to a various point of view on the cultural class between the British colonizers and the Igbo individuals. The unique applies a postcolonial vital approach by revealing to start with the African expectations of the colonizers arrival and then their very first ideas and impressions. Achebe explains locusts that descend upon the village, as “They settled on every tree and on every lade of turf; they chose the roofs and covered the bare ground. Mighty tree branches broke away under them, and the whole country ended up being the brown-earth color of the large, hungry swarm.” This allegorical representation represents and foreshadows the arrival of the “white males” which will harm the landscape and social customs of Igbo individuals. The anaphora “they settled” stresses the images of the locusts/white guys getting into the land, the branches breaking symbolize the damage of the cultural and spiritual bonds “falling apart” and the imagery of the “brown-earth olor” change portrays the permanent effect of the colonizers on the land. Chinua Achebe has the ability to symbolize the colonizers through the description of the locusts by assimilating their irreparable influence on the land and on the Igbo’s culture. In Persepolis, when Marjane moves to Austria she experiences the struggles of double cultural identities, which is a major theme of postcolonial literature. The protagonist relocates to Europe alone when simply a teenager, and she is required to rebuild social life by making brand-new buddies and adapting to their culture. As she dapts to the European way of life she has an awareness: “I was distancing myself from my culture, betraying my parent and my origins. I was playing a video game by somebody else’s guidelines”. This quotation shows a fascinating view of cultural identity, comparable to that presented in Things Fall Apart, in which one is permanently bound to the nation they are born, which to distance yourself from your native culture is treason. It likewise advises reader of the protagonist’s age as the metaphor of playing a game stresses a childish activity, but it also shows how Marji’s situations have actually needed a level f maturity to be able to have such understanding on topics such as culture. Nonetheless, the character utilizes the term “guidelines”, which shows the sense of injustice on both the European and the Iranian side. This speech exhibits the many struggles that the book presents of Iranian individuals go through due to cultural clashes for their contrasting ideologies. Ultimately, both books are similar examples of postcolonial literature in revealing the effect of the western empowerment on smaller sized nations with antithetical cultures. As Things Fall Apart relates to older ages, in which British olonizers attacked the African territory, devastating their culture and land similar to explained through the metaphor of the locusts. And Persepolis, more contemporary, depicts the social, political cultural and economical effects of western interest on Iran, and the misdirected western stereotypes of Iranian individuals. And to appear neutral, both authors present criticisms and weaknesses of their own culture, which leaded the nation into the circumstance. Last but not least, they both wisely reveal the individual experience of the lead character with the clash of cultures as a microcosm to represent the macroscopic effect of it.