Of Plymouth Plantation, 1620-1647 Book 2, Chapter 18 Summary
The dispute between Massachusetts and the Pequot continues into the spring of 1637, with the Pequot introducing attacks on settlers along the Connecticut River and eventually trying to seize a fort. In reaction, the Governor of Massachusetts, Mr. Vane, writes to Plymouth requesting assistance. An exchange of letters follows, as the Pilgrims “took the opportunity to compose to [Massachusetts] about some previous occasions” (186 ). Plymouth’s reservations end up being clearer in Massachusetts’s action, which attempts to rebut them.
Guv Winthrop claims that Massachusetts settlers have not been trading at Kennebec or with the French and argues that the present scenario is not equivalent to Plymouth’s earlier skirmishes with the French, which Massachusetts decreased to take part in.
He also suggests the Pilgrims ought to come to Massachusetts’s help for factors including their own security: “We suppose you look upon the Pequots and all other Indians as a common opponent, who though he might vent the first outburst of his rage upon some one area of the English, however, if he succeed, will thereupon pursue his benefit to the undoing of the entire nation” (187 ).
Finally, Winthrop alerts Plymouth that failure to help might cost them a possible ally, either since the Massachusetts nest will be damaged or since public sentiment there will turn versus the Pilgrims. Meanwhile, the Pequot have been using what Bradford calls “pernicious arguments” (188) to prompt the Narragansett to ally with them against the English inhabitants.
These attempts are eventually unsuccessful, however, and a joint force of Narragansett and Connecticut River inhabitants introduce a successful strike on the Pequot even prior to Plymouth has the possibility to send out additional men. The colonists play the leading function in the victorious attack on the Pequot fortress, which Bradford recounts in information: “Others of the attacking celebration went to their homes and set them on fire, the mats capturing rapidly, and, all standing close together, the wind quickly fanned them into a blaze– in reality more were burnt to death than killed otherwise” (189 ).
A letter from Winthrop explains the fallout from this attack. The inhabitants hunt down the staying Pequot, eliminating two sachems and eventually driving a large group of males, ladies, and kids into an overload. Numerous Pequot die in the taking place fight, lots of hundreds are taken prisoner, and some escape to look for refuge with other people. These tribes are often hesitant to supply sanctuary, however: the Mohawk, for instance, carry out the primary Pequot sachem when he pertains to him.
This puts an end to the war, and the remaining Pequot either submit to the rule of the Narragansett or discover sanctuary with the Monhigg– something that irritates the Narragansett, who desire “whole sway” (192) over the Pequot. Finally, 1637 likewise draws the Pilgrims deeper into the conflict between Sherley and the other English partners, 2 of whom compose to Plymouth complaining that Sherley still has not divided the earnings with them. The Pilgrims accordingly decide to send out furs directly to the other partners and take actions to end their association with Sherley.