Oedipus the King and Alienation
!.?.!? Alienation is the procedure of becoming a separate part of the society; this is connected to the social side of life. It leaves one with a feeling of solitude, which can either be mental or physical. As a result, characters in this circumstances ended up being alienated from the world they reside in. Three examples of characters who suffer from alienation are Oedipus from the play Oedipus the King, “the beast” from the novel Frankenstein, and Hamlet in the play Hamlet. These 3 characters go through the numerous phases of alienation to alleviate themselves from the feeling of solitude.
The phases of alienation include initiation, journey, suffering, and reconciliation. Initiation is an evaluation of oneself to decide the actions of altering out of alienation. Journey is the procedure in which the pushed away one goes through different steps, mentally or mentally, from one experience to the next. Suffering is the discomfort or distress that alienation causes. Reconciliation is the last step in alienation that reunites the alienated one with their society, peers, or perhaps enjoyed ones.
In the play Oedipus the King, by Sophocles, Oedipus is pushed away from the city of Thebes due to the fact that he eliminates his own daddy and dedicates incest with his own mom. The city of Thebes was under a plague up until the killer of King Laius was found. Oedipus ends up being the new King after the death of Laius and starts his look for the killer. Oedipus look for Tiresias, the blind prophet. When he gets to Tiresias he asks him what he knows about the murder. Tiresias responds by telling Oedipus the reality brings him nothing except pain.
He continues to decline to inform Oedipus what he sees. Oedipus gets mad at the old prophet and starts to accuse him of the murder of the King. This outrages Tiresias and he tells the reality that he has actually found that Oedipus himself is the murderer of Laius. Tiresias states “he’ll be exposed a sibling and a daddy to his children in his home, other half and boy to her who offered him birth; wife-sharer and the killer of his father” (Sophocles 74). Oedipus of course rejects these allegations against him and in return he accuses Tiresias and Creon of outlining against him and leaves them.
Oedipus winds up learning from a shepherd that his real moms and dads are not his biological parents. The initial shepherd who took Oedipus in as a child, learned of his fate, that Oedipus would kill his daddy and wed his mom. He decided it was best to pass the young boy onto another shepherd in the next city over, Corinth. He anticipated if Oedipus remained in a foreign city that his fate would not become a reality. Oedipus understands who he is and who his parents are. Latest things Oedipus mother says to him were “to live where time enables, and have a better life than the guy who fathered you” (Sophocles 89).
His mom winds up eliminating herself and Oedipus takes the pins from her robes and stabs his eyes out, he then is pushed away from the city of Thebes. Oedipus is very much pushed away from his society, friends, and family. Oedipus initiation is himself searching for out the genuine story behind the murder of the King. His journey is the actions he finds out along the way that develop to him discovering who he really is. It was a long journey for Oedipus in which his fate caught up to him just like Tiresias says, “Oedipus’ cloud of darkness is unavoidable, offensive, unstoppable, driven by cruel winds” (Sophocles 49).
Oedipus suffers from the reality that he not just killed his daddy, however wed his own mother. He likewise looks like a phony to the entire city of Thebes, as they trusted him to discover the killer so they could be saved. At the end, Oedipus is fixed up with the fact and chooses to stab his eyes. Oedipus is the classical example of an awful hero who likewise reveals the truth of fate and alienation. In the novel Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley the beast is pushed away from the world. The story starts with Captain Robert Walton sailing to the North Pole.
His boat gets stuck numerous miles from land in sheets of ice. He chooses to write a letter to his sibling back in England and he discusses how he wants a male friend to keep him company on the boat. Walton then faces Victor, an extremely odd male to state the least. Victor speaks about his life to Walton and discusses about this animal he constructed out of human corpses. Back in Geneva, Victor’s home town, his sibling is murdered. Your house servant, Justine, is implicated of the murder of William. Victor realizes the beast he made is the murderer and Justine remains in fact innocent.
Victor chooses to go on a trip to the Swiss Alps to sleep and relax. Victor winds up encountering the monster. The beast tells him an unfortunate story about how he was pushed away from the world and how he killed the young boy out of revenge. The monster seethes that he was made alone and has no friends. He talks about how he has a miserable life. The beast states “I, the unpleasant and the abandoned, am an abortion, to be spurned at, and kicked, and squashed on” (Shelley 67). He explains a story about how a family of cottagers gave him hope that he would quickly find compassion.
They wound up deserting him and driving him away and this was his last chance to connect with society. “I am alone and miserable: male will not relate to me; however one as warped and terrible as myself would not reject herself to me. My buddy should be of the same species and have the very same defects. This being you need to produce” (Shelley 143). The beast asks Victor to produce a female good friend for him. After a lot of convincing, Victor decides to do it. Victor ends up killing his attempt at a beast figuring that the very first beast is deceiving him so that they can destroy guy kind.
Victor goes back to Geneva to marry Elizabeth and he then keeps in mind the guarantee of how the monster wanted to be with him on his wedding event night. The night of the wedding the beast ends up eliminating Elizabeth and Victor’s daddy passes away from all of the sorrow. The beast wanted the revenge on Victor for not producing him a companion. Victor ends up chasing after the beast down but the story ends with Victor passing away and the monster weeping over Victor’s dead body. The monster then says he has absolutely nothing to live for and goes off to die. Prior to he goes off, the beast says “Existed no oppression in this?
Am I to be believed the only criminal, when all human kind sinned against me” (Shelley 197). The monster suffers alienation due to the fact that his maker left him alone with a miserable life. He has no empathy for anything and has no buddy to spend his time with. The monster tries to get over alienation by getting vengeance on the people who do not assist him. His initiation is discussing his story and solitude to Victor. The monsters journey is the story of his life without compassion, a companion, or anybody to keep an eye out for him. He experiences being lied to a lot and gets vengeance by eliminating individuals.
At the end he understood Victor was the best thing going for him and regrets revenging him, this is the beasts reconciliation. In the play Hamlet, by Shakespeare, Hamlet is pushed away from society, however more significantly from his own family. Hamlet returns home from college to discover that his father, who is likewise the King, has actually been murdered. Hamlet’s mom and uncle are now dating, just a couple of days after his dad’s death. I believe the very first individual to push away Hamlet is Gertrude. The someone Hamlet would least ever expect to do this to him, his own mother.
She has actually not grieved at all over her other half’s death and has actually totally neglected Hamlet’s sensations about the situation. She winds up weding Claudius, who was her partner’s sibling, and soon to be discovered murderer. Considering that Claudius marries Gertrude he is the brand-new King, this strongly angers Hamlet. Gertrude does not even see why her child is so upset about the scenario. These are 2 examples that show how Hamlet’s relative alienated him. Then Hamlet captures Claudius and Polonius spying on him, this frustrates Hamlet incredibly. Claudius murdered Hamlet’s father and Hamlet is out to prove it.
Procrastination stops Hamlet from acting into his own hands towards Claudius and this triggers issues within the family. Hamlets own 2 friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, are even sent out simply to spy on him and view him for Claudius. Hamlet does not know who to tell about the murder so ideas of suicide posses his mind. He says “I am myself indifferent sincere, but yet I might accuse me of such things that it were better my mom had actually not borne me” (Shakespeare 146). Hamlet is feeling defenseless and unaware of what to do about his dad’s murder.
It just makes it worse on him that he has no parents to speak with about the circumstance. He has ideas of killing Claudius but he can not inform his mom, Claudius, Polonius, or Ophelia about his plot to eliminate Claudius. Hamlet feels like he is trapped, he states “Denmark’s a prison” (Shakespeare 112). He can speak with no one just as if he were a detainee in prison. Not having the ability of talking to others for assistance about circumstances leaves one with a sensation of alienation. Ophelia also experiences alienation. She experiences hers through Hamlet. Ophelia ends up killing herself however, unlike Hamlet.
Gertrude blames Ophelia for the method Hamlet was acting and states: “For your part, Ophelia, I do want that your great appeals be the happy cause for Hamlet’s insanity” (Shakespeare 140). The queen has a guilt complex and always needs to blame somebody; she rests the regret of Hamlets insanity on the shoulders of Ophelia. Hamlet and Ophelia both struggle with alienation. Hamlet has no one to talk to about his entire situation and is forced to feel pushed away about it all. He has to figure everything out himself and show himself right. He is a really strong character and makes it through to prove his point.
Hamlet and Ophelia suffer from alienation throughout Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet. Hamlet and Laertes are spied on by Claudius and Polonius so that Claudius is kept safe. Gertrude likewise blames Ophelia for Hamlet’s madness and as a result of the alienation; Hamlet and Ophelia satisfy an awful end. These 3 characters talked about, Oedipus, the beast, and Hamlet, all struggle with different forms of character alienation. All three of them suffer through the stages of alienation: initiation, journey, suffering and reconciliation. In this sense, they are all comparable. They also differ in their alienations.
Oedipus is not pushed away up until then end, until his fate unfolds. The beast has actually been alienated his whole entire life and therefore takes it out by revenging on people. Hamlet is pushed away when he gets home from college and finds his dad has actually been murdered. Over time Hamlet reconciles and shows himself right, restoring from alienation. Oedipus and the beast never recover from alienation. All of these are examples of characters who have actually been pushed away by different ways. In the end however, fate will always capture up rather it be favorable, in Hamlets case, or negative, in Oedipus’.
These characters initiated, went for the journey, suffered the discomfort and they reconciled, all because of alienation. Works Cited Shakespeare, William, and Cyrus Henry Hoy. Hamlet; an Authoritative Text, Intellectual Backgrounds, Extracts from the Sources, Essays in Criticism. New York City: Norton, 1963. Print. Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft, and J. Paul Hunter. Frankenstein: The 1818 Text, Contexts, Nineteenth-century Reactions, Modern Criticism. New York City: W. W. Norton, 1996. Print. Sophocles, Stephen Berg, and Diskin Clay. Oedipus the King. New York City: Oxford UP, 1978. Print.