Oedipus, Sophocles’ Awful Character
According to ancient Greek characteristics of tragedy, the protagonist’s failure is brought on by hamartia, a defect in a character or a character’s mistake in judgment. Oedipus, Sophocles’ awful character in Oedipus, plainly encounters such issues, however likewise his constant flaws in judgment are all due to his hamartia, hubris. The setting of the play establishes the first example of Oedipus’ excessive pride. Oedipus’ actions, such as taking pride in himself as the play first begins as an afflict has taken control of Thebes, is an example of how much he considers himself as a god-like character.
This precise hubris brought him to his damage. Also, events such as the argument with the blind prophet and his stubbornness towards the people closest to him added to his hamartia being carried too far. Oedipus’ first couple of circumstances of hubris occur in the start of the prologue. Sophocles tactically positioned it here so that the reader would get the instant sensation of Oedipus’ cockiness. “I have actually come myself to hear you– I, Oedipus, who bear the popular name.” (Pro. -10)
Here, Oedipus is flaunting about how just someone like he, who has actually fixed the issue of the Sphinx before, might figure out yet another problem for individuals of Thebes. And as the people cry to him for help, he again takes pride in himself by mentioning that although their children may have passed away, he is suffering the most. This reveals his desperate requirement to be the center of everyone around him. His narcissism is the basis for things to come such as disrespect and stubbornness. Sophocles once again quickly exemplifies another careless sensation inside Oedipus, this time it is disrespect.
Once no one admits to the murder of Laios, the king who was killed which triggered the plague, Oedipus begins to curse the citizens of Thebes. Next, it is Teiresias, the blind prophet, who comes down with the disrespect of Oedipus. Oedipus’ constant pestering to learn what Teiresias knows soon becomes a tirade of insults towards the blind prophet. “Damnation– take you! Out of this location! Out of my sight!” (I) But to Oedipus’ irritation, Teiresias does not stand for this and tells Oedipus another “infantile riddle” about his moms and dads.
Teiresias then states that this day and the pride Oedipus takes in himself will bring upon the ruin of Oedipus. Next come the judgmental mistakes from Oedipus. First, it begins with a confrontation with Creon, the brother of Oedipus’ wife. Oedipus degrades his friend by saying that it was all Creon’s fault for what had happened. “It is your death I want, so that all the world may see what treason means.” (II) Here, Oedipus’ hubris takes control when again as he believes that Creon is envious of his kingship.
Therefore, he wishes to make an example of Creon so that no one ever undermines the king once again. Oedipus’ judgment is taking a big hit here as he is now growing so corrupt that he is starting to wonder about individuals closest to him. Soon after the encounter with Creon, Oedipus hears the news of Polybus’, the king who raised Oedipus, death. After this takes place, Oedipus believes that his dad has actually passed away which the prophecy can not become a reality. Oedipus goes to his better half, Iocasta, to explain to her that no prediction about her spouse could manage his fate.
But Oedipus’ stubbornness would enter into play again. As the messenger arrives and begins to tell Oedipus about his past, like numerous other awful Greek characters, he prevents Iocaste’s advice to neglect the man because, “This talk is a wild-goose chase.” (III) But Oedipus says that he will not listen and that the truth needs to be known. Oedipus gets more than he had actually bargained for as the messenger and after that the shepherd, who was initially supposed to leave Oedipus on Kithairon to pass away, go on to tell Oedipus everything about his strange past.
Lastly as the play concludes, Oedipus understands what has taken place. “I Oedipus, Oedipus, damned in his birth, in his marriage, damned, damned in the blood he shed with his own hand.” (IV) This represents the realization Oedipus has actually had. He lastly understands that it was all his misdeed that has actually caused whatever. As he when again has another encounter with Creon, Oedipus’ pal informs him that often one must simply ask what to do. However he could not have actually given that guidance to Oedipus previously since the king’s hubris would not allow the approval of other’s guidance.
When all of Oedipus’ actions and mindsets are put together, there is a clear pattern that proves the development of these mistakes produced Oedipus’ hamartia, hubris. A clearly universal theme, any kind of defect if carried too far will constantly result to a downfall. It can been seen in movies such as Carlito’s Method or Scarface, or in a location most people tend never ever to look, inside themselves. It could be something complicated and not comprehended like hubris, or a quality as easy as being mean, but no matter what it is, if this parasite simply continues to grow inside an individual, it will keep eating their host up until complete damage.