Lord of the Flies Id, Ego, and Superego

Lord of the Flies Id, Ego, and Superego

Thesis Declaration: Analysis of the main characters from Lord of the Flies utilizing Freud’s category of character parts
  • Introduction: Freud’s theory of Ego, Id, and Superego
  • Id, Superego and Ego examples symbolized by 3 characters of the novel
  • Conclusion: Comparison of Freud’s category to literary symbolism
  • Work Pointed out

Ego, Id, and Superego “The poor ego has a still more difficult time of it; it has to serve 3 severe masters, and it has to do its finest to reconcile the claims and demands of all 3 … The three tyrants are the external world, the superego, and the id.” That quote was said by the physiologist Sigmund Freud. Freud established a system of categorizing person’s mental life. The system is id, ego, and superego. In the novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding, id, ego, and superego are utilized to deepen the audience’s outlook on the primary characters. Ralph represented ego, which could be compared to being human.

Jack represented id, which symbolized evil. Lastly, Simon represented superego, which can be compared to an angel. Ralph represented ego, which was a self serving individual who had defects. Ralph was self focused since all he cared about was being rescued, “we want to be rescued; and of course we shall be saved.” (37 ). That quote demonstrated Ralph’s focus on being saved. Ralph attempted to acquire order by having the conch, and being a leader to the other kids. Ralph’s human flaws appeared when he made fun of Piggy, and when he signed up with Jack in acting out the killing of the pig, eventually eliminating Simon.

‘That was Simon.’ ‘You said that previously.’ ‘Piggy.’ ‘Uh?’ ‘That was murder. ‘” (156 ). That quote showed that Ralph knew what he did was very wrong, and he felt guilty. Ralph’s human qualities became very clear. Id is best matched up to Jack Merridew because he would seek adventure, and try to find individual pleasure. Jack represented wicked from the beginning due to the fact that of the way he took Piggy’s glasses and his cruelty to the little kids by chewing out them. “He attempted to convey the compulsion to track down and kill that was swallowing him up.” (51 ).

That quote showed how Jack had transformed into a savage killer who didn’t care about being saved. “The forest near them break into outcry. Demoniac figures with faces of white and red and green hurried out howling, so that the littluns got away screaming.” (140 ). That quote revealed Jack and his hunters attacking Piggy and Ralph. Jack frightened the ‘littleuns’ which revealed he didn’t care about anyone. Jack becomes so savage that he eliminated Simon in an attempt to act out eliminating the monster. It was clear Jack that a representation of evil. Simon was a prime example of superego. All Simon did was good, the novel never revealed Simon as evil.

Simon found for them the fruit they could not reach, pulled off the choicest from up in the foliage, passed them pull back to the limitless outstretched hands.” (56 ). That quote showed Simon was compassionate to all the kids, even the ‘littleuns’. “Simon, sitting in between the twins and Piggy, wiped his mouth and pushed his piece of meat over the rocks to Piggy.” (74 ). That quote was another example of kindness shown by Simon. Simon provided his meat to Piggy when the other young boys declined to give him any. When Simon was killed by all the other boys, for no factor, he was going to discover them to tell them that the monster was not real.


That displayed Simon just wished to do excellent, he was genuinely an angelic figure. Sigmund Freud’s system of classifying person’s metal life was really suitable to the unique Lord of the Flies. Ralph represented humanity in ego because he was focused on his own desire to be rescued. Jack showed he represented evil by revealing his meanness and savageness, which all fell into the category of id. Simon strived for great, which made him superego, and he would be represented by an angel. In conclusion, Freud’s system of mental category is constantly contrasting, similar to Ralph, Jack, and Piggy’s personalities.

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