Lord of the Flies Id, Ego, and Superego

Lord of the Flies Id, Ego, and Superego

Thesis Statement: Analysis of the primary characters from Lord of the Flies utilizing Freud’s category of personality parts
  • Introduction: Freud’s theory of Ego, Id, and Superego
  • Id, Superego and Ego examples symbolized by 3 characters of the novel
  • Conclusion: Comparison of Freud’s category to literary symbolism
  • Work Mentioned

Ego, Id, and Superego “The bad ego has a still more difficult time of it; it needs to serve three severe masters, and it has to do its best to reconcile the claims and demands of all three … The 3 tyrants are the external world, the superego, and the id.” That quote was said by the physiologist Sigmund Freud. Freud established a system of classifying individual’s psychological life. The system is id, ego, and superego. In the novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding, id, ego, and superego are used to deepen the audience’s outlook on the primary characters. Ralph represented ego, which could be compared to being human.

Jack represented id, which symbolized evil. Lastly, Simon represented superego, which can be compared to an angel. Ralph represented ego, which was a self serving person who had defects. Ralph was self centered because all he appreciated was being rescued, “we want to be saved; and obviously we shall be rescued.” (37 ). That quote demonstrated Ralph’s focus on being rescued. Ralph tried to get order by having the conch, and being a leader to the other kids. Ralph’s human defects appeared when he teased Piggy, and when he joined Jack in acting out the killing of the pig, ultimately killing Simon.

‘That was Simon.’ ‘You stated that before.’ ‘Piggy.’ ‘Uh?’ ‘That was murder. ‘” (156 ). That quote showed that Ralph knew what he did was very incorrect, and he felt guilty. Ralph’s human qualities ended up being very translucent. Id is finest matched up to Jack Merridew since he would seek adventure, and search for personal enjoyment. Jack represented evil from the beginning because of the way he took Piggy’s glasses and his cruelty to the little kids by yelling at them. “He tried to communicate the obsession to locate and eliminate that was swallowing him up.” (51 ).

That quote showed how Jack had changed into a savage killer who didn’t appreciate being saved. “The forest near them burst into uproar. Demoniac figures with faces of white and red and green rushed out howling, so that the littluns left shouting.” (140 ). That quote showed Jack and his hunters attacking Piggy and Ralph. Jack frightened the ‘littleuns’ which showed he didn’t care about anyone. Jack becomes so savage that he eliminated Simon in an effort to act out killing the monster. It was clear Jack that a representation of evil. Simon was a prime example of superego. All Simon did was good, the unique never revealed Simon as evil.

Simon discovered for them the fruit they could not reach, managed the choicest from up in the foliage, passed them back down to the unlimited outstretched hands.” (56 ). That quote showed Simon was thoughtful to all the kids, even the ‘littleuns’. “Simon, sitting between the twins and Piggy, wiped his mouth and pushed his piece of meat over the rocks to Piggy.” (74 ). That quote was another example of kindness shown by Simon. Simon provided his meat to Piggy when the other boys refused to give him any. When Simon was eliminated by all the other kids, for no reason, he was going to find them to tell them that the beast was not real.


That showed Simon only wanted to do good, he was really an angelic figure. Sigmund Freud’s system of categorizing person’s metal life was very appropriate to the unique Lord of the Flies. Ralph represented human nature in ego since he was focused on his own desire to be saved. Jack showed he represented wicked by showing his meanness and savageness, which all fell into the classification of id. Simon pursued good, that made him superego, and he would be represented by an angel. In conclusion, Freud’s system of mental classification is constantly contrasting, just like Ralph, Jack, and Piggy’s characters.

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