Lord of the Flies: Golding Shows His Assistance for Democracy and Hatred for Authoritarianism

Lord of the Flies

Somin Im Ms. Wilson AP English/ fourth period 25 February 2013 Summary Thesis: Throughout the novel, Lord of the Flies, Golding shows his assistance for democracy and hatred for authoritarianism by showing the differences in between Ralph and Jack through their personalities, leadership, and importance. I. Contrast in their personalities A. Jack’s vicious, violent character B. Ralph’s tranquil, calm personality II. Contrast in their leadership A. Jack’s cruel guideline, but leadership with instantaneous results B.

Ralph’s mild management, but a leadership with unkempt guarantees, however with more duty III. Contrast in their importance A. Jack’s importance of Satan, devil-like animal B. Ralph’s meaning of protector, democratic man Somin Im Ms. Wilson AP English/ 4th period 25 February 2013 Rough Draft In Lord of the Flies, Golding describes two extremely various governments: authoritarianism and democracy. After going through the terrible experience he had in World War Two, Golding reveals his disgust for totalitarianism through the character Jack by offering aggressive, selfish, and ruthless qualities.

Golding shows his assistance for democracy through Ralph by giving gentle, caring, and power attributes. Throughout the novel, Lord of the Flies, Golding shows his assistance for democracy and his hatred for authoritarianism by showing the distinction in between Ralph and Jack through their characters, leadership, and importance. Golding attacks the authoritarianism while safeguards democracy by showing Jack’s vicious violent personality. After the election, Jack raged that Ralph became the leader.

Jack believed that Ralph was chosen as the leader only since of Ralph’s physical traits rather than his abilities. The insanity was built on from this point on. While leading his group, Jack was “physically difficult and bold” (Oldsey 94) but, at the very same time, he is “quick to anger, prideful, aggressive” (Oldsey 94). He did not have whenever to consider others or felt sorry for what he had done to them due to the fact that “he was safe from embarassment or self- consciousness” (Spitz 4). Jack commands the orders that he believes they are best for the group not caring how his citizens feel.

Jack addresses to Littluns as a things by commanding his people to “use a Littlun” (Golding 104). Through Jack’s requiring, aggressive personality that dictates every move he make, Golding represents the ruthless guideline that authoritarianism has by only being thoughtful of what it is best for the society than the individual. In contrast to Jack, Golding represents his assistance for democracy through contrasting character that Ralph has from Jack. Although Ralph was required to be the leader since of his physical qualities, Ralph has guts, he has great intelligence” (Oldsey 94).

However, the nerve that Ralph holds is various from Jack’s nerve. Ralph seeks to discover wish for every individual, and has a hard time to satisfy everyone. Even though the caring and mild personality has significant set-backs to his leadership, Ralph tries not to torture his citizens to death. Ralph’s mildness personality impacts his management by having the children “ultimately, their enthusiasms inflamed, they look for even to put him to death” (Spitz 3). Ralph was utilized to “offering orders” (Fitzgerald 81), and insisting that the children follow the rules rather than implying them with force.

Whenever they were having problems, Ralph calmed the kids down by asking them “what are the grownups going to think” (Golding 91) setting clear boundaries between what is best and wrong. Since of his compassion, the kids misinterpreted him was a weak leader, and quickly, deserted him. By putting Ralph in this unpleasant situation, Golding wanted to draw compassion towards Ralph. Ralph’s kind, mild, and moderate personality which impacts Ralph’s leadership, presents clear difference between Jack’s violent, aggressive rule to expose Golding’s assistance for democracy.

Throughout the book, Jack’s character is revealed through in his management. “His burning desire to be the chief” (Fitzgerald 81) is shown when the kids are electing the leader. Jack insults Ralph by criticizing Ralph for having “no confidence in” (Fitzgerald 81) himself. Due to the fact that Ralph was buddies with Piggy, Jack declared that Ralph “isn’t an appropriate chief” (Golding 115) for stating “things like Piggy.” (Golding 115) Jack thinks that he and he just appropriates to be the leader.

Jack asserts with certainty that everybody is below him, and criticizes others just to applaud him. Nevertheless, although Golding dislikes the authoritarian management, he accepts that authoritarian rule does bring success, simply not without happiness. In order to be an excellent leader, according to Machiavelli’s The Prince, a leader is much better to be feared than loved. Because of Jack’s aggressive qualities, and his ruthless rule, more children are tended to follow Jack even though he treats his residents with “threats, of cravings, abuse, and the Beast” (O’Hara 417).

Although the reader finds Jack just full of violence with no thoughts, he keeps his promises by providing his residents with food and security. His strong qualities somehow assures the kids the “food and the protection against the Monster” (O’Hara 414). Jack supplies his followers the meat and “the immediate pleasures of feasting and searching” (O’Hara 414). Cruelty leads to instant guarantees, trust, and protection that responsibilities can not answer. Then again, the citizens of Jack’s society remorse that they have actually come to Jack’s society due to the fact that they understood their awful sins.

Although Golding implies that authoritarianism can lead to success by gaining strength and power, he condemns it by explaining the incorrect strategies used in authoritarian management. On the other hand, Ralph’s management stresses on his person’s “hopes for redemption” (O’Hara 412) while Jack “preys upon his followers’ worry of the Monster and assures security and food” (O’Hara 412). Ralph was required to handle the leader function, and hence, did not have abilities as a leader. He was picked as a leader since he appears like one.

Ralph’s “exceptional height, his remarkable strength, his superior charm” (Rosenfield 121) makes him the natural leader. The kids are persuaded that since he is good-looking, high, and nice, he is going to lead them to the ideal path with effective management. Nevertheless, although Ralph has the obligation, responsibility does not always suggest great leadership. Instead of completely dominating kids, Ralph “insists that the boys need to have and follow rules” (Fitzgerald 81). The people of Ralph’s society become more and more insecure with Ralph’s order because they are not getting the results that Ralph promised in the past.

Ralph has tough time supplying the requirements for humans to endure such as food, shelter, and most notably protection. Also, Ralph gained a lot of help from Piggy. After Piggy died, Ralph’s society started to collapse apart. Beginning with the begging, although Ralph “discovers the conch, Piggy understands what it is and how to utilize it” (Fitzgerald 81). However, Ralph never ever quits, and continues to enforce civilization. In every conference that he had, he bought the kids to “take the conch” (Golding 89) before speaking in whatever scenario they are in.

Ralph’s leadership includes a one vital objective: “to get house” (O’Hara 411). Having a one main objective combined the citizens, and motivated them to be more productive. As a leader, Ralph had tough time conference this resident’s needs, and lacked the qualities of being a prominent leader, but he did merged his people by setting a goal that pleased everyone. Jack displays signs of Satan, authoritarian guy, and strong force to develop images about authoritarianism. By enforcing strong force to lead his society, Jack represents Satan and dictatorial reign.

Also, Jack’s physical qualities of “tall, thin, and bony,” (Golding 19) flaring red hair “beneath the black cap” (Golding 19), and “freckled, and awful without silliness” (Golding 19) face established Jack into hellish figure. Jack’s flaring red hair, black cape and “visual images suggests Jack’s demonic functions” (Rosenfield 126). To set a total distinction, Golding ensured that Jack had the unsightly, frightening appearance when Ralph had the good-looking, gentle look to emphasize Golding’s viewpoint about authoritarianism and democracy. Like Hitler and Mussolini” (Spitz 3), Jack “came out of an authoritarian tradition” (Spitz 3), sacrificing his residents for his own satisfaction or benefit. By always getting what he desires no matter how harsh it is, Jack turns into a ruined child and “ends up being an externalization of the wicked instinctual forces of unconscious” (Rosenfield 122). Without feeling any regret, or shame, Jack signifies the Satan and authoritarian male by getting what he wants. Ralph signifies the protector, authorization, and the loving father of the children.

Having the conch “or, seashell, which the kids use to assemble their mini councils” (Rosenfield 121), Ralph highlights the authority and civilization. Ralph believes that only method to create an efficient society is to consent with his residents rather than requiring the laws that he believes they are right. However, while consenting and listening to his residents’ grievances or ideas, Ralph likewise takes authority. As a “democratic man” (Spitz 2) Ralph did not separate himself from others by “virtue or intelligence or other indication of personal supremacy” (Spitz 2).

Ralph believed that the important thing for him to do was to secure the children that followed, and relied on him to save, and secure them. Ralph was a “forecast of guy’s great impulses”(Rosenfield 122) that stems from “the authority figures- whether god, king, or daddy- who establish the need for” (Rosenfield 122) the citizen’s “legitimate ethical and social action” (Rosenfield 122). When “individuals began getting scared” (Golding 102), Ralph was fretted about people’s requirements for shelter, food, and fire.

Golding portrays Ralph to be the protector, and a kind daddy to the children due to the fact that Golding sees the democracy was a protector and a caring dad to its people. In Lord of the Flies, Golding defends democracy while condemns the authoritarian by revealing unique contrasts in their personalities, leadership, and significance. To reveal the hatred for authoritarianism, Golding portrayed Jack as a leader with severe and self-centered leadership that is influenced by his aggressive character.

Jack resembled in Satan in that although he was brave providing his people with food and shelter, he was still bad, and sacrificed his people for his own pleasures. On the other hand, Golding explained Ralph as a leader with one centralized goal that combined the people together. Ralph’s moderate, gentle character provided him the symbol of protector and a loving daddy because Ralph looked after his people. Golding planned these 2 characters to “remember God and the devil” (Rosenfield 122) that developed the “moral basis for all actions” (Rosenfield 122) to express his sensations toward democracy and authoritarianism.

Somin Im Ms. Wilson AP English/ fourth period 25 February 2013 Work Cited Fitzgerald, John and John Kayser. “Golding’s Lord of the Flies: Pride as Original Sin. “Research studies in Books. 24. 1 (1992 ): 78-88. EBSCO. Web. 5 Dec. 2012 Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. New York City: Penguin Group, 1954. Print. O’Hara, J. D. “Mute Choir Boys and Angelic Pigs: The Myth in Lord of the Flies. “Texas Research in Literature and Language. 7. 4 (1966 ): 411-20. Print. Oldsey, Bern, and Stanley Weintraub. “Lord of the Flies: Beezlebub Revisited. ” National Council of Teachers of English. 25. 2 (1963 ): 90-9. JSTOR.

Web. 5 Dec. 2012. Rosenfield, Clare.” ‘Guy of a Smaller Sized Growth’: Mental Analysis of William Golding’s Lord of the Flies,” Literature and Psychology, 6 (1961) 93-6, 99-101 Rpt. in William Golding’s Lord of the Flies A Source Book. Ed. William Nelson. New York: Odyssey Press, 1963. 121-32. Print. Spitz, David. “Power and Authority: An Analysis of Golding’s ‘Lord of the Flies’.” The Antioch Review 30. 1 (spring 1970): 21-33. Rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Roger Matuz and Cathy Falk. Vol. 58. Detroit: Windstorm Research, 1990. Literature Resource Center. Web. 3 Feb. 2013.

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