Lord of the Flies
eGrant Johnson Per 4 Last Draft0- The Allegory of Life William Golding’s Lord of the Flies consistently contrasts with the morality-driven views of the questionable philosopher Frederick Nietzsche. Golding’s allegorical unique informs the story of a group of young boys who remain stranded on an island and delegated their own impulses. Golding and Nietzsche would argue the issues the boys face are based on the morality and nature of male. Ralph, the lead character, is handed over power by the other young boys, while Jack, the villain, quickly ends up being envious of Ralph’s power.
In Lord of the Flies, the conch, the masks, and the “lord of the flies” represent civilization, flexibility and wicked respectively. Golding supports a Judeo-Christian order, in which society develops morality and wicked inspires fear; Nietzsche in contrast argues that man should follow individual morals which evil will outgrow an ongoing battle for power. Nietzsche would point to the contrast in between the people of Ralph and Jack to support his belief that yes-saying should prevail over no-saying; that is, personal perfects need to take precedent over social ideals.
Golding’s interpretation of the conch, the masks and the lord of the flies contrasts with Nietzsche’s ideas of morality and the nature of guy and of society. Upon showing up on the island, Ralph finds a conch that the boys utilize to call and manage their assemblies. Golding utilizes the conch to represent the society and government which the boys construct. At the beginning of the book, the shell represents their civility and order because they appear to follow and respect its powers. “Where the conch is, that’s a conference … We have actually got to have guidelines and follow them. After all we’re not savages” (Golding 42).
Unidentified to the reader at the time, this quote is rather ironic as the young boys will later on lose control and end up being savages completing for food and survival. Golding believes that civilization supplies structure for guy just as the conch offers order for the kids. Without civilization, man would rely on his instincts, naturally leaving him afraid in the absence of the morality and standards which have assisted him through life. From fear, Golding argues, evil deeds are dedicated. Golding also believes that morality is a social construct and that without society morals cease to exist. These thoughts are seen in Lord of the Flies.
When Ralph and Jack split up, separating their society and presenting Jack’s group to savagery, morality and order rupture and slowly fall apart. Jack and his “savages” end up being fixed on the bloodthirsty murder of pigs, constantly shouting, “Eliminate the monster! Cut his throat! Spill his blood!” (G 152), demonstrating they lack peace of mind and morality, while Ralph and the others that remain stay ethical and “… worked … with great energy and happiness …” Nevertheless, for Ralph’s tribe, “… as time crept by there was an idea of panic in the energy and hysteria in the cheerfulness” (G130).
Although Ralph’s people attempts to stay real to the conch, a sense of worry remains as the requirement for survival increases. In a final meeting of the two tribes towards the end of the book, it’s plainly apparent that society breaks down as Ralph and Jack end up in a brawl after the conch breaks. “Viciously, with complete objective, he hurled the spear at Ralph. The point tore the skin and flesh over Ralph’s ribs … Ralph stumbled, feeling not pain, but panic” (G 181). As soon as the conch broke, so did all morality and order. Subsequently, the boys battle to the death.
Golding’s views on civilization that morality progresses from neighborhood manifest itself in the kids’ use of conch in his book, Lord of the Flies. Nietzsche, directly contrasting Golding, believes that morality ought to be identified by individuals rather of society. “Every select man aims instinctively for a citadel and a privacy … where he may forget ‘men who are the rule”‘ (WP 26). Nietzsche agrees that society forms a sense of morality, but he dislikes this due to the fact that he believes that a person shouldn’t follow a “herd mentality.” Instead, he advocates setting and following one’s own morals.
Nonetheless, he comprehends that this is tough, and most of society will follow the recognized noble worths. Nietzsche believes that, in this context, being a yes-sayer means following your own morals and not those set by society. He likewise believes that all actions in society must arise from the individual will to obtain power. This conflict in between society and personal flexibility plays out through Roger, among Jack’s partners, who early on threw rocks for fun preventing “an area round Henry, maybe six yards in diameter …” that represented, “… the taboo of the old life” (G 62).
Roger avoided Henry out of respect for the social requirements that he followed. But as the book progresses, Roger’s animalistic methods take over and “… with a sense of delirious desertion …” (G 180) he murders Piggy, among the other young boys. Therefore, Nietzsche would approve of Roger, whose actions end up being based upon a will to power, rather than Golding who would argue that Roger acts out of fear. In several scenes in the middle of the book, the boys wear masks to cover their dirty faces, permitting themselves flexibility from a herd mindset which Nietzsche would approve of this.
When the boys place on the masks, they lose their individual identities. In essence, they release themselves from the weight of morality, and this permits them to commit otherwise unthinkable acts. “The mask was a thing of its own, behind which Jack concealed, freed from shame and self-consciousness” (G 64). Nietzsche would like that the masks enable the boys to follow their own concepts and produce their own creative path, something he strongly supports and says can be attained “… through long practice and daily work at it” (WP 290). The masks eliminate the boys’ private identity, enabling them to disobey civilization’s morals while avoiding shame.
Nevertheless, while Nietzsche would approve of their flexibility, he would the requirement to wear the masks. In his view, the kids require to embrace their true selves to be totally free rather than concealing behind the masks. Nietzsche thinks that the boys must be yes-saying since they must be strong sufficient act freely according to their own impulses, without regret or pity. Golding thinks that the use of the masks permits them to hide their embarassment and likewise allows them to become savages. Golding believes that the young boys hesitate of revealing their embarassment so they quelch it by using the masks to avoid the ostracism from society.
The masks offer the boys freedom, however Golding believes this threatens because excessive freedom gives way to instincts which ultimately lead to savagery. While wearing the masks the kids are “… very little better than uncaged beasts …” (Gen. 22. 13). Golding describes Jack, “… His sinewy body held up a mask that drew their eyes … He started to dance and his laughter became blood thirsty snarling” (G 64). Golding attempts to show how the masks affect the young boys as they lose touch with themselves. Golding would argue that the young boys abandon the requirement to follow the guidelines when they use the masks.
Without the masks the young boys compulsively feel the requirement to follow rules. The hierarchy of society keeps guy accountable for his actions, as Jack let the fire run out Ralph madly says to him, “There was a ship … you might have had everyone when the shelters were ended up. But you had to hunt … there was the dazzling world of searching, techniques, intense excitement, skill; and there was the world of longing and baffled commonsense … Jack was helpless and raged without understanding why” (G 71-72). Ralph’s management over Jack and the others is evident here as madly resets order, and the others rapidly accept.
Without their masks, Golding would argue that the kids’ flexibility is limited by society; something that he believes is just. The sow’s head, dubbed “lord of the flies”, represents the evil that the boys devote on the island. “The head hung there, a little blood dribbling down the stick … the Lord of the Flies hung on his stick and smiled” (G 138). Golding attempts to prove to the reader that evil exists in all of us. In the mind of Simon, the head comes alive and says to him, “I’m part of you … I’m the reason it’s no go … you understand perfectly well you’ll just satisfy me down there [too] (G 143).
This conference between the lord of the flies and Simon shows the reader the pig’s evilness as he admits “I belong to you” and it also underscores Golding’s point: he thinks that evil is inescapable; throughout the book, every character commits acts of evil. Simon is the one exception, whose calm nature can be referred to as un-human, or god-like, and more mature than the other young boys, his eyes “… Dim with the limitless cynicism of adult life” (G 137) proving his self-important adult-like superiority.
Lots of people argue that Simon is a direct parallel to Jesus, as the scene when he talks with the pig is similar to Jesus’ conversation with the devil. Simon is also utilized as a foil to all the other boys on the island to reveal their absence of humbleness and maturity. The kids place the pig’s head on the stay with ward off their fears, eventually developing worry and worry of survival. The pig embodies the wicked acts devoted by the young boys out fear. Nietzsche counters these concepts with his belief that worry is weak which yes-saying morality is essential to avoiding evil.
Nietzsche would agree and disagree with Golding on many points relating to worry and evil. First, he would argue that guy shouldn’t permit fear to control one’s actions. Rather, males should end up being yes-sayers and avoid the fear that makes them weak. Guy must be strong enough to take control of his life instead of letting worry control him. Nietzsche would agree with Golding that Simon represents a god-like being that isn’t affected by evil since he thinks that someone needs to set requirements, however one can follow his own path similar.
Nietzsche mentions this point by stating, “… simply ask yourself who is actually ‘evil’ in the sense of morality of ressentiment” (Gen. 22. 3), speaking of his dislike of the adversely driven morality that is created by many societies. Golding’s novel Lord of the Flies uses effective signs to represent the key cultural attributes of civilization, morality, freedom and evil. Golding utilizes the conch, the masks and the lord of flies to convey his Judeo-Christian beliefs, which stand in contrast to Frederick Nietzsche’s morality-driven views.
Nietzsche would argue that a person who is strong is someone that can follow their own artistic course instead of following society’s course, yes versus no saying. Golding represents these concepts through the conch which the kids utilize to govern their neighborhood and with the decay of the conch came the decay of order. The masks are utilized for the boys to hide their shame and commit barbarous acts, Golding would argue, while the lord of the flies is used to embody the evil that the boys commit on the island. Lord of the Flies is a powerful depiction of the best and worst of human nature that can exposed at all times. Word count: 1,859