Lord of the Flies

Lord of the Flies

Somin Im Ms. Wilson AP English/ fourth period 25 February 2013 Outline Thesis: Throughout the unique, Lord of the Flies, Golding shows his support for democracy and hatred for authoritarianism by demonstrating the distinctions in between Ralph and Jack through their personalities, leadership, and meaning. I. Contrast in their personalities A. Jack’s vicious, violent character B. Ralph’s peaceful, calm personality II. Contrast in their leadership A. Jack’s terrible guideline, but leadership with immediate results B.

Ralph’s gentle management, but a leadership with neglected pledges, but with more responsibility III. Contrast in their significance A. Jack’s significance of Satan, devil-like animal B. Ralph’s significance of protector, democratic man Somin Im Ms. Wilson AP English/ fourth period 25 February 2013 Outline In Lord of the Flies, Golding explains 2 really various federal governments: authoritarianism and democracy. After going through the dreadful experience he had in World War 2, Golding reveals his disgust for totalitarianism through the character Jack by offering aggressive, self-centered, and ruthless attributes.

Golding shows his assistance for democracy through Ralph by providing mild, caring, and power qualities. Throughout the novel, Lord of the Flies, Golding demonstrates his support for democracy and his hatred for authoritarianism by demonstrating the difference between Ralph and Jack through their characters, management, and significance. Golding attacks the authoritarianism while defends democracy by revealing Jack’s vicious violent personality. After the election, Jack was furious that Ralph became the leader.

Jack believed that Ralph was picked as the leader only because of Ralph’s physical qualities rather than his capabilities. The madness was built on from this point on. While leading his group, Jack was “physically tough and brave” (Oldsey 94) however, at the very same time, he is “fast to anger, prideful, aggressive” (Oldsey 94). He did not have whenever to think about others or felt sorry for what he had actually done to them since “he was safe from shame or self- consciousness” (Spitz 4). Jack commands the orders that he thinks they are best for the group not caring how his citizens feel.

Jack addresses to Littluns as an items by commanding his citizens to “use a Littlun” (Golding 104). Through Jack’s requiring, aggressive character that determines every move he make, Golding portrays the harsh guideline that authoritarianism has by just being thoughtful of what it is best for the society than the person. In contrast to Jack, Golding portrays his support for democracy through contrasting character that Ralph possesses from Jack. Although Ralph was forced to be the leader since of his physical characteristics, Ralph has courage, he has excellent intelligence” (Oldsey 94).

Nevertheless, the courage that Ralph holds is various from Jack’s nerve. Ralph seeks to find hope for every person, and struggles to please everybody. Although the caring and mild character has significant set-backs to his leadership, Ralph attempts not to abuse his people to death. Ralph’s mildness character impacts his management by having the children “ultimately, their passions irritated, they look for even to put him to death” (Spitz 3). Ralph was utilized to “giving orders” (Fitzgerald 81), and insisting that the kids follow the rules instead of suggesting them with force.

Whenever they were having problems, Ralph calmed the children down by asking “what are the grown-ups going to think” (Golding 91) setting clear boundaries in between what is best and incorrect. Since of his generosity, the kids mistook him was a weak leader, and quickly, abandoned him. By putting Ralph in this unpleasant circumstance, Golding wanted to draw sympathy towards Ralph. Ralph’s kind, gentle, and mild character which impacts Ralph’s leadership, presents clear difference between Jack’s violent, aggressive guideline to reveal Golding’s support for democracy.

Throughout the book, Jack’s personality is revealed through in his leadership. “His burning desire to be the chief” (Fitzgerald 81) is shown when the children are voting for the leader. Jack insults Ralph by criticizing Ralph for having “no self-confidence in” (Fitzgerald 81) himself. Because Ralph was friends with Piggy, Jack declared that Ralph “isn’t an appropriate chief” (Golding 115) for saying “things like Piggy.” (Golding 115) Jack believes that he and he only is suitable to be the leader.

Jack asserts with certainty that everyone is below him, and slams others simply to applaud him. However, even though Golding dislikes the authoritarian leadership, he accepts that authoritarian guideline does bring success, simply not without joy. In order to be an excellent leader, according to Machiavelli’s The Prince, a leader is better to be feared than enjoyed. Because of Jack’s aggressive characteristics, and his brutal rule, more kids are tended to follow Jack even though he treats his residents with “hazards, of cravings, torture, and the Monster” (O’Hara 417).

Although the reader discovers Jack simply full of violence without any thoughts, he keeps his pledges by providing his people with food and security. His fierce qualities somehow ensures the kids the “food and the protection versus the Beast” (O’Hara 414). Jack provides his fans the meat and “the instant enjoyments of feasting and searching” (O’Hara 414). Brutality leads to instant promises, trust, and defense that duties can not address. Then again, the citizens of Jack’s society remorse that they have actually come to Jack’s society due to the fact that they understood their dreadful sins.

Although Golding implies that authoritarianism can result in success by acquiring strength and power, he condemns it by pointing out the wrong techniques utilized in authoritarian leadership. On the other hand, Ralph’s leadership highlights on his resident’s “expect salvation” (O’Hara 412) while Jack “preys upon his followers’ fear of the Monster and guarantees defense and food” (O’Hara 412). Ralph was forced to handle the leader role, and thus, did not have skills as a leader. He was chosen as a leader due to the fact that he appears like one.

Ralph’s “remarkable height, his remarkable strength, his superior charm” (Rosenfield 121) makes him the natural leader. The kids are persuaded that since he is handsome, high, and great, he is going to lead them to the right course with powerful leadership. However, even though Ralph has the obligation, obligation does not always suggest excellent management. Instead of completely controling children, Ralph “firmly insists that the kids must have and follow rules” (Fitzgerald 81). The citizens of Ralph’s society become increasingly more insecure with Ralph’s order since they are not getting the results that Ralph guaranteed before.

Ralph has hard time providing the needs for humans to endure such as food, shelter, and most notably security. Likewise, Ralph gained a great deal of help from Piggy. After Piggy died, Ralph’s society started to crumble apart. Beginning with the begging, even though Ralph “discovers the conch, Piggy understands what it is and how to use it” (Fitzgerald 81). However, Ralph never gives up, and continues to implement civilization. In every conference that he had, he bought the kids to “take the conch” (Golding 89) prior to speaking in whatever scenario they remain in.

Ralph’s management consists of a one necessary objective: “to get home” (O’Hara 411). Having a one main goal merged the citizens, and motivated them to be more efficient. As a leader, Ralph had hard time conference this resident’s demands, and did not have the qualities of being an influential leader, but he did merged his people by setting a goal that pleased everybody. Jack displays signs of Satan, authoritarian guy, and strong force to establish images about authoritarianism. By enforcing strong force to lead his society, Jack signifies Satan and dictatorial reign.

Likewise, Jack’s physical attributes of “tall, thin, and bony,” (Golding 19) flaring red hair “below the black cap” (Golding 19), and “freckled, and ugly without silliness” (Golding 19) face established Jack into hellish figure. Jack’s flaring red hair, black cape and “visual imagery suggests Jack’s demonic functions” (Rosenfield 126). To set a complete difference, Golding made sure that Jack had the unsightly, frightening look when Ralph had the handsome, mild look to stress Golding’s opinion about authoritarianism and democracy. Like Hitler and Mussolini” (Spitz 3), Jack “came out of an authoritarian custom” (Spitz 3), sacrificing his people for his own enjoyment or advantage. By constantly getting what he desires no matter how cruel it is, Jack becomes a spoiled child and “ends up being an externalization of the wicked instinctual forces of unconscious” (Rosenfield 122). Without feeling any guilt, or shame, Jack symbolizes the Satan and authoritarian man by getting what he wants. Ralph signifies the protector, authorization, and the caring father of the children.

Possessing the conch “or, seashell, which the kids utilize to assemble their mini councils” (Rosenfield 121), Ralph highlights the authority and civilization. Ralph thinks that just way to develop a reliable society is to consent with his citizens instead of requiring the laws that he thinks they are right. But, while consenting and listening to his residents’ problems or concepts, Ralph likewise takes authority. As a “democratic male” (Spitz 2) Ralph did not separate himself from others by “virtue or intelligence or other indication of individual superiority” (Spitz 2).

Ralph believed that the essential thing for him to do was to secure the children that followed, and trusted in him to conserve, and safeguard them. Ralph was a “forecast of male’s excellent impulses”(Rosenfield 122) that originates from “the authority figures- whether god, king, or father- who establish the necessity for” (Rosenfield 122) the citizen’s “legitimate ethical and social action” (Rosenfield 122). When “individuals started getting frightened” (Golding 102), Ralph was fretted about individuals’s requirements for shelter, food, and fire.

Golding portrays Ralph to be the protector, and a kind father to the children because Golding sees the democracy was a protector and a caring dad to its residents. In Lord of the Flies, Golding safeguards democracy while condemns the authoritarian by showing unique contrasts in their personalities, management, and importance. To reveal the hatred for authoritarianism, Golding portrayed Jack as a leader with extreme and self-centered management that is influenced by his aggressive personality.

Jack looked like in Satan in that although he was brave supplying his residents with food and shelter, he was still bad, and compromised his citizens for his own pleasures. On the other hand, Golding explained Ralph as a leader with one central objective that combined the citizens together. Ralph’s mild, gentle character offered him the sign of protector and a caring dad because Ralph cared for his citizens. Golding meant these 2 characters to “remember God and the devil” (Rosenfield 122) that developed the “moral basis for all actions” (Rosenfield 122) to express his sensations towards democracy and authoritarianism.

Somin Im Ms. Wilson AP English/ fourth duration 25 February 2013 Work Cited Fitzgerald, John and John Kayser. “Golding’s Lord of the Flies: Pride as Initial Sin. “Research studies in Books. 24. 1 (1992 ): 78-88. EBSCO. Web. 5 Dec. 2012 Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. New York City: Penguin Group, 1954. Print. O’Hara, J. D. “Mute Choir Boys and Angelic Pigs: The Fable in Lord of the Flies. “Texas Studies in Literature and Language. 7. 4 (1966 ): 411-20. Print. Oldsey, Bern, and Stanley Weintraub. “Lord of the Flies: Beezlebub Revisited. ” National Council of Educators of English. 25. 2 (1963 ): 90-9. JSTOR.

Web. 5 Dec. 2012. Rosenfield, Clare.” ‘Men of a Smaller Sized Growth’: Mental Analysis of William Golding’s Lord of the Flies,” Literature and Psychology, 6 (1961) 93-6, 99-101 Rpt. in William Golding’s Lord of the Flies A Source Book. Ed. William Nelson. New York City: Odyssey Press, 1963. 121-32. Print. Spitz, David. “Power and Authority: An Interpretation of Golding’s ‘Lord of the Flies’.” The Antioch Evaluation 30. 1 (spring 1970): 21-33. Rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Roger Matuz and Cathy Falk. Vol. 58. Detroit: Wind Research, 1990. Literature Resource Center. Web. 3 Feb. 2013.

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