John Locke and Lord of the Flies
Thomas Hobbes was a philosopher who saw guy as a monster, one who might not be relied on with himself. He thought guy is not by nature a social animal; without the power of the state, males would ruin themselves. On the other hand, political theorist John Locke thinks that the majority of people would still choose to the best thing even if not required to. He believed that guys could manage themselves and live in consistency with others, since man is by nature, a social animal. William Goulding disagrees with Hobbes in his unique, Lord of the Flies and supports Locke. This novel has to do with a group of British young boys whose plane crashes when fleeing the country due to a fictional war. They are stranded on an island not knowing the location and attempting to survive. Because there are no adults to take charge, they start by saying they will have plenty of rules. Some of the older boys such as Ralph, Jack, and Piggy start to take charge. Ralph is a “sculpted” boy who at the start is indicate to Piggy, since of his weight. Throughout the book nevertheless, Ralph and Piggy build rather a strong bond with each other. Meanwhile Jack, the leader of the choir, is all about hunting and killing and he isn’t the best young boy. As time goes by, the kids get hungrier, dirtier, and more savage, and the rules start to vanish. They walk around with minimum clothes and paint on their faces however, many of the kids do not turn wicked, as Jack does, and keep their sanity. By this group of young boys who select to remain great, the author shows man as basically good and efficient in declining wicked around him. We see this through the characters Ralph, Simon, and Piggy.
Ralph was a good leader who used his authority for the good of all up until he was the last sane boy standing. The boys elected him leader as practically every littleun chose him, except the choir boys who voted for Jack. Ralph started to come up with rules and ideas for the boys due to the fact that people were talking out of turn, resulting in chaos. All the older kids agreed that guidelines are a good idea and even Jack states, “We’ll have guidelines’ he sobbed excitedly.’ Lots of rules! Then when anybody breaks ’em-‘” (33) Ralph calls a meeting quite often to let others understand about brand-new happenings. He tries to have a democracy too and to share power; meanwhile Jack is searching anything in his sight and isn’t thinking from a leader’s point of view. Ralph understands the risks of being stranded on an island and strives for survival. He starts to develop shelters while everyone else is hunting and playing games. Ralph produces guidelines to keep order such as only going to the bathroom near a certain rock. In order to develop tasks for the littleuns, he comes up with the idea of keeping a fire addressing the top of the mountain, at all times. When they see a ship coming, they put leaves on it to create smoke to inform the ship. The other kids battle with this task so Ralph has to firmly insist,” ‘you let the fire go out’ ‘You let the fire head out” There was a ship. Out there. You said you ‘d keep the fire going and you let it out'”(69-70). The others are starting to give up, however Ralph refuses to give up. He does not lose his conscience and does not become a savage, unlike other young boys. One can tell this due to the fact that he sticks to his rules and does not become starving for killings, as Jack did. Also, he realizes the terrible things he did to Simon the morning after they eliminate him when they see Simon’s drifting dead body in the sea and admits the reality: “That was murder Don’t you understand, Piggy? The important things we did” (156-157). Ralph represents a great leader and shows Locke’s theory of guy.
Not only did Simon refuse to end up being wild, but he even gave his life trying to alert the other kids of the monster inside them. Simon attempted to provide other kids advice, however they threw it away and didn’t reconsider. There was a rumor of a beast that Sam and Eric, two little twins, began when they saw a dead parachutist. Simon doesn’t believe in that beast however understands there is a lot more harmful beast on the island. “Maybe’ he stated reluctantly’ maybe there is a monster” What I indicate is … maybe it’s only us'”( 89 ), regrettably they do not listen to Simon. Simon then battles the devil intellectually through the pig’s head when he goes up to find the monster. The pigs head informed him to go out and play, suggesting that this was all a video game. The pig’s head which was surrounded by flies (Lord of the Flies) represented the devil informing Simon to ignore everything and delight in the island. Simon gathers up the nerve to go the “beast” and learns it is just a dead parachutist. Out of respect, he releases it from the tree it was stuck in:” Simon knelt on all fours was ill till his stomach was empty. Then he took the lines in his hands; he released them from the rocks and the figure from the winds indignity”( 147 ). As he was walking back, pertaining to inform the boys it wasn’t a beast, the boys who were dancing and chanting were so pumped that they believed Simon was the monster. Sadly, Simon passes away trying to inform the kids the fact about the beast.
Like Simon, Piggy was an innocent kid who wasn’t strong physically, but rather psychologically, and uses his brains to keep the young boys to remain focused. Regrettably, he wound up dying for it. Piggy looked after others sensations, such as the littleun who was being laughed at due to the fact that he didn’t want to talk. Moreover, Piggy’s conch shell idea produces a democratic assembly so everyone could be heard: Whoever had the conch was the one allowed to talk. This symbolized law and order, which Piggy safeguarded consistently” Piggy held up the conch and the booing drooped a little, then turned up again to strength. ‘I got the conch’ he screamed” (179-180). Piggy defended collaborating and non-violence. Not everyone agreed with him however, including Jack and his savage tribe. He believed that “what’s right is right” and dies for it. It takes place when Piggy raises the mountain, which is quite a challenge for him due to his asthma. He increased with the conch and demands the value of factor and civility: “‘which is better-to be a pack of painted Indians like you are, or to be reasonable like Ralph is?” Which is much better, to have laws and concur, or to hunt and eliminate?”Which is much better, law and rescue, or searching and breaking things up?'” (180) Unfortunately, after Piggy states his big speech, Roger, a fan of Jack, presses a boulder off the top of Castle Rock and kills Piggy. Piggy died standing up for what he believed in. He was a terrific example of Locke’s theory since Piggy genuinely wanted the young boys to thrive.
William Goulding’s Lord of the Flies proves Locke’s theory that the majority of people would pick to do the ideal thing even if not forced to. He believed men were created to control themselves and live in harmony with others. He thought male is by nature, a social animal. Goulding shows this through the characters Ralph, Simon, and Piggy, who were all extremely fully grown in the situation and attempted to endure without violence. Ralph and Piggy were older kids who believed in order and attempted to organize things, rather of enabling mayhem to take place. Simon was a littleun who understood that the monster was not the issue, but the issue was themselves. Society can govern themselves. We are not just all savages; one can flourish if required to.