John Locke and Lord of the Flies
Thomas Hobbes was a philosopher who saw guy as a monster, one who could not be trusted with himself. He thought male is not by nature a social animal; without the power of the state, men would ruin themselves. On the other hand, political theorist John Locke thinks that the majority of people would still choose to the ideal thing even if not required to. He thought that guys might control themselves and reside in consistency with others, because guy is by nature, a social animal. William Goulding disagrees with Hobbes in his unique, Lord of the Flies and supports Locke. This book has to do with a group of British boys whose aircraft crashes when leaving the country due to an imaginary war. They are stranded on an island not understanding the place and attempting to make it through. Considering that there are no adults to take charge, they begin by saying they will have plenty of guidelines. Some of the older boys such as Ralph, Jack, and Piggy start to take charge. Ralph is a “sculpted” kid who at the beginning is indicate to Piggy, due to the fact that of his weight. Throughout the book however, Ralph and Piggy construct quite a strong bond with each other. On the other hand Jack, the leader of the choir, is all about searching and killing and he isn’t the best kid. As time passes, the young boys get hungrier, dirtier, and more savage, and the rules start to fade away. They walk around with minimum clothing and paint on their faces nevertheless, many of the kids do not turn wicked, as Jack does, and keep their sanity. By this group of boys who choose to remain great, the author reveals guy as generally good and efficient in turning down wicked around him. We see this through the characters Ralph, Simon, and Piggy.
Ralph was a good leader who utilized his authority for the good of all till he was the last sane kid standing. The kids chose him leader as almost every littleun voted for him, other than the choir young boys who voted for Jack. Ralph began to come up with rules and ideas for the boys due to the fact that individuals were talking out of turn, leading to turmoil. All the older kids agreed that guidelines are a great concept and even Jack states, “We’ll have rules’ he wept excitedly.’ Lots of rules! Then when anyone breaks ’em-‘” (33) Ralph calls a conference on a regular basis to let others learn about new happenings. He attempts to have a democracy also and to share power; on the other hand Jack is hunting anything in his sight and isn’t believing from a leader’s point of view. Ralph understands the dangers of being stranded on an island and strives for survival. He starts to construct shelters while everybody else is hunting and playing games. Ralph creates guidelines to keep order such as only going to the restroom near a certain rock. In order to develop tasks for the littleuns, he develops the concept of keeping a fire addressing the top of the mountain, at all times. When they see a ship coming, they put leaves on it to produce smoke to inform the ship. The other young boys struggle with this task so Ralph needs to firmly insist,” ‘you let the fire go out’ ‘You let the fire go out” There was a ship. Out there. You said you ‘d keep the fire going and you let it out'”(69-70). The others are beginning to quit, however Ralph refuses to quit. He does not lose his conscience and does not end up being a savage, unlike other boys. One can inform this because he sticks to his guidelines and does not end up being starving for killings, as Jack did. Also, he realizes the horrible things he did to Simon the early morning after they eliminate him when they see Simon’s drifting dead body in the sea and confesses the fact: “That was murder Don’t you understand, Piggy? The important things we did” (156-157). Ralph represents a great leader and proves Locke’s theory of male.
Not just did Simon refuse to become wild, however he even offered his life attempting to caution the other boys of the monster inside them. Simon attempted to give other boys suggestions, however they tossed it away and didn’t reconsider. There was a report of a beast that Sam and Eric, 2 little twins, began when they saw a dead parachutist. Simon doesn’t believe in that monster but knows there is a lot more harmful monster on the island. “Perhaps’ he stated reluctantly’ maybe there is a monster” What I mean is … maybe it’s just us'”( 89 ), regrettably they do not listen to Simon. Simon then fights the devil intellectually through the pig’s head when he increases to discover the monster. The pigs head told him to go out and play, implying that this was all a game. The pig’s head which was surrounded by flies (Lord of the Flies) represented the devil telling Simon to forget about everything and delight in the island. Simon gathers the courage to go the “monster” and learns it is only a dead parachutist. Out of respect, he releases it from the tree it was stuck in:” Simon knelt on all fours was sick till his stomach was empty. Then he took the lines in his hands; he freed them from the rocks and the figure from the winds indignity”( 147 ). As he was strolling back, concerning tell the boys it wasn’t a beast, the boys who were dancing and chanting were so pumped that they thought Simon was the monster. Sadly, Simon dies attempting to tell the boys the fact about the beast.
Like Simon, Piggy was an innocent boy who wasn’t strong physically, however rather psychologically, and utilizes his brains to keep the kids to stay focused. Regrettably, he wound up dying for it. Piggy cared for others feelings, such as the littleun who was being laughed at because he didn’t wish to talk. Furthermore, Piggy’s conch shell idea produces a democratic assembly so everyone might be heard: Whoever had the conch was the one enabled to talk. This symbolized law and order, which Piggy defended faithfully” Piggy held up the conch and the booing drooped a little, then came up once again to strength. ‘I got the conch’ he yelled” (179-180). Piggy defended interacting and non-violence. Not everybody agreed with him though, consisting of Jack and his savage tribe. He believed that “what’s right is ideal” and dies for it. It takes place when Piggy hikes up the mountain, which is quite a difficulty for him due to his asthma. He increased with the conch and insists on the importance of reason and civility: “‘which is better-to be a pack of painted Indians like you are, or to be sensible like Ralph is?” Which is better, to have laws and agree, or to hunt and eliminate?”Which is better, law and rescue, or searching and breaking things up?'” (180) Unfortunately, after Piggy says his huge speech, Roger, a fan of Jack, pushes a stone off the top of Castle Rock and eliminates Piggy. Piggy died defending what he believed in. He was a fantastic example of Locke’s theory because Piggy truly wanted the boys to flourish.
William Goulding’s Lord of the Flies shows Locke’s theory that many people would choose to do the best thing even if not forced to. He thought men were created to manage themselves and live in consistency with others. He believed guy is by nature, a social animal. Goulding shows this through the characters Ralph, Simon, and Piggy, who were all really fully grown in the situation and attempted to make it through without violence. Ralph and Piggy were older kids who believed in order and tried to arrange things, rather of enabling turmoil to take place. Simon was a littleun who knew that the beast was not the issue, however the issue was themselves. Society can govern themselves. We are not simply all savages; one can prosper if needed to.