Innocence in Lord of the Flies
Ernest Hemingway when stated, “All things truly wicked start from innocence.” This phrase can be shown true through the unique Lord of the Flies by William Golding. In this novel, a group of young kids are dropped onto an uninhabited island during the war. They need to hunt to survive, and establish rules and a leader so that their life on the island can run rather efficiently. Through The Lord of the Flies, Golding shows that when individuals should adjust and endure in tight spots, they lose their innocence.
One method the loss of innocence is seen is through the rules not being followed since there is nobody to impose them. We can see this through the conch shell. The young boys designate a conch shell as an item of value; anyone holding the conch has the right to speak and people not holding the conch must be quiet and listen. As the boys start to disagree on more subjects and the assemblies become more disorderly, the significance of the conch and the amount of people who follow it begins to decrease. Jacks states, “Conch! Conch! We do not require the conch any more. We understand who ought to state things” (Golding 101/102). The manner in which Jack says “any more” shows that while they once needed the conch, they no longer do and demonstrates the rules diminishing and not being followed. As the natural born-leaders start to emerge, the rules made in factor to consider for the quiet are lost. That is seen when he states “we understand who ought to state things”. He is suggesting that some kids must not have the right to speak or offer their viewpoints, and the very first of which that comes to mind being Piggy.
Another example of the rules ending up being less important is the unimportance and argument of who is the chief. Initially, the boys choose Ralph as their chief however Jack being the leader and autocrat that he is, he typically disagrees and attempts to take the position.” ‘And you stopped talking! Who are you, anyway? Sitting there telling people what to do. You can’t hunt, you can’t sing-‘ ‘I’m [Ralph] chief. I was picked.’ ‘Why should choosing make any distinction? Just providing orders that do not make any sense-‘ “(Golding 91). Jack is constantly telling people to “stop talking”, which reveals a disrespect for the other boys which he does not care to hear what they are stating. He only feels that his input is essential, which indicates he neglects Ralph, the leader’s, viewpoints too. It is likewise clear that he sees himself as the most qualified to be chief, because he states “you can’t hunt, you can’t sing-” which are two skills that Jack possesses and apparently sees necessary for a leader. In addition, its coherent that Jack disagrees with Ralph’s method of leading and the instructions he provides when he states “Just offering orders that don’t make any sense-“.
Finally, we see the loss of guidelines through the crimes and sins that the young boys devote. When Ralph, Piggy, Jack, and his people members are arguing over Piggy’s glasses, Roger is on top of a perch with a big stone held back by a lever. The kids continue to bicker, and Roger loses all sense of morals and pulls the lever, dropping the rock onto Piggy and killing him. “High overhead, Roger, with a sense of delirious abandonment, leaned all his weight on the lever. The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee: […] Piggy fell 40 feet and arrived at his back across the square red rock in the sea. His head opened and stuff came out and reddened. Piggy’s arms and legs jerked a bit, like a pigs after it has actually been eliminated” (Golding 180/181). The death of Piggy was totally random and unnecessary, fueled by the lack of assistance and amorality of Roger and likewise, the remainder of the boys. “Delirious abandonment” displays how little Roger takes care of the rules and the distinction in between best and incorrect, and in a state of crazed happiness he makes a decision that ends a life with no consequences to follow.
Another method we can see the loss of innocence is through the boys’ loss of childhood and all of the obligations that they acquire. One obligation that takes over the boys’ lives is searching. While initially Jack and his choir are trying to hunt for survival, it becomes their main focus and they begin to kill for no great reason.” [Jack] attempted to convey the obsession to find and eliminate that was swallowing him up. “I went on. I believed, by myself-” The insanity entered into his eyes once again. “I thought I may eliminate” (Golding 51). You can see the madness that takes control of Jack when he considers eliminating. The word “obsession” demonstrates how he feels like he requires to eliminate in order to satisfy himself. No common twelve year old young boy ought to feel this obsession unless they have actually lost their childlike innocence.
Likewise, the young kids’ idea of “playing” and having fun has actually twisted given that they arrived on the island. As the boys all hung out by the water and in the sand, we can see Roger’s idea of fun is various from the common child, or maybe even his concept of fun back in the house. “Roger collected a handful of stones and began to throw them. Yet there was an area round Henry, perhaps 6 yards in size, into which he dare not throw. Here, invisible yet strong, was the taboo of the old life. […] Roger’s arm was conditioned by a civilization that understood absolutely nothing of him and was in ruins” (Golding 64). Roger tries to toss rocks at a young boy for a fun, which is uncommon however also different from his past. “Yet there was an area round Henry […] Here, undetectable yet strong, was the taboo of the old life.” This piece of the quotes displays that Roger’s old life is holding him back from really striking Henry with the stones, due to the fact that it was something he was taught not to do. Nevertheless, we can see through his attempt that his concept of having fun is various and more consequential than it formerly was. We can likewise translucent “a civilization that understood absolutely nothing of him and remained in ruins” that the hidden style of civilization is crumbling on the island, and the young boys are ended up being more savage and lose touch with their previous knowledge of right and wrong.
One last obligation that the young boys achieve is keeping the fire going. Ralph in specific feels strongly about keeping a signal fire burning, so that they can be seen by a passing ship and ideally be saved. This obligation is passed off from kid to kid, however the people often have difficulty doing what they are told. Nonetheless, it is a huge part of the kids’ lives on the island. “There’s another thing. We can help them to discover us. If a ship comes near the island they may not notice us. So we should make smoke on top of the mountain. We must make a fire”(Golding 38). This quote shows Ralph nearly designating the job to the kids and the way he repeats “should” shows that he sees it as vital.
Finally, we see the young boys lose their child-like innocence through their cruelty and the hanus actions they have. One method the young boys display their cruelty is through savagery and the disregard for others. The kids have a “mock pig” who they practice assaulting and have a fun time doing it. They throw him in the center of the circle of boys and almost take turns. “At one time, Robert was screaming and fighting with the strength of craze. Jack had him by the hair and was displaying his knife. […] The chant rose ritually, as at the last minute of a dance or a hunt. “Eliminate the pig! Cut his throat! Eliminate the pig! Slam him in!” Ralph too was combating to come up to, to get a handful of that brown, susceptible flesh. The desire to capture and hurt was over-mastering” (Golding 114/115). Jack getting him by his hair and threatening with him a knife all for entertainment shows how harsh the boys have become. Likewise, “the chant increased ritually, as at last minute of a dance or a hunt” shows how this barbarous act has become a procedure to them, and just how much they truly enjoy it. Nobody without a despiteful mind might delight in injuring an innocent kid, specifically among their peers, like they do.
Another method we see the young boys demonstrate cruelty is when they slaughter the pig. Jack and his hunters are understood for eliminating pigs, once they have actually done it more than once they no longer eliminate for the function of survival, but for “fun”. “Here, overruled by the heat, the sow fell and the hunters tossed themselves at her. This dreadful eruption from an unknown world made her frantic; she squealed and bucked and the air had lots of sweat and noise and blood and horror  The spear progressed inch by inch and the horrified screeching became a high-pitched scream. Then Jack discovered the throat and the hot blood spouted over his hands. The sow collapsed under them […] At last the immediacy of the kill diminished. The boys drew back, and Jack stood, holding out his hands. “Look.” He laughed and flecked them while the kids laughed at his reeking palms. Then Jack got Maurice and rubbed the things over his cheeks … ‘Right up her ass!'” (Golding 135). Not just do the young boys eliminate the plant for no function, but they also kill her heartlessly and have absolutely no respect for her as a living being. “Jack got Maurice and rubbed the stuff over his cheeks”, Jack takes the blood of the plant and puts it on Maurice’s face as if it is war paint. Not only is that revolting, however it shows how they see the death of a living animal is a video game to them. “Right up her ass!” this action shows how all they desire is complete supremacy and power over the animal. This scene can nearly be compared to a rape scene, which is likewise real because most rapists are seeking supremacy over somebody who is powerless or weaker than them.
Eventually, the young boys show ruthlessness in its use to acquire power. Jack especially is impolite and hurtful to the young boys since he sees himself as if he is much better than them, so he uses his cruelty to make the young boys fear him, hence offering him power. Piggy uses to opt for Ralph, Jack, and Roger, however Jack turns him down because he does not desire Piggy to come.” ‘You’re no good on a job like this.’ ‘All the same-‘ ‘We do not want you.’ stated Jack, flatly. ‘3’s sufficient'” (Golding 23). Jack blatantly says to Piggy that he is not good enough to come with them, which is painful especially considering that he is continuously putting Piggy down. You can also see how “flatly” Jack speaks, having no feeling in his voice. It does not phase him at all to be impolite, it’s simply his nature and the cruelty that he has adapted to.
In conclusion, William Golding exhibits the principle that when people must adapt and make it through in difficult situations, they lose their innocence. That is clear to see in the unique Lord of the Flies through the loss of rules, the gain of responsibilities, and the newly found ruthlessness that the young boys have. This is an example that shows that all things really wicked start from innocence.