Grotesque: Frankenstein vs. Edward Scissorhands
Grotesque Term paper In literature, the word “grotesque” is used to describe a person that appears abnormal or unusual to the other characters. A Monstrous character induces disgust, triggered by his villainous outlooks, as well as empathy, as his personality contrast his outside, simply put is very likeable and nice. Regardless of trying to suit and feel regular, the society will not accept Grotesque characters, for they miss the society? s concept of what is normal to appear like and imitate. Furthermore, it is frequently simply the society? judgemental responses that make the Monstrous character imitate a beast, being a part of a self-defense system. Another particular typical for a Grotesque character is being a Christ figure. As an outcome of the errors and sins of others, a Monstrous character is the one who is blamed and compromised. For all these factors, an audience feels sympathy for the Monstrous character. In the films, Frankenstein and Edward Scissorhands, both main characters are thought about Grotesque, having both a good nature and an uninviting visage, making a viewer feel compasion along with repulsion.
The term “monstrous” was first used to describe literary category by Michel de Montaigne, a french author of the French Rennaissance, for his Essays, released in the 16th century. The Grotesque is often related to satire and tragicomedy. A German author, and 1929 Nobel Reward winner, Thomas Mann identified it as a “genuine antibourgeois style” for it is an effective artistic method to communicate grief and pain to the audience. Nevertheless, grotesque happenings and monsters can be discovered even in a few of the extremely first composed texts.
Myths use a number of monstrous developments: one-eyed Cyclops in Hesiod’s Theogony, Homer’s Polyphemus in the Odyssey, or the hybrid developments in Ovid’s Metamorphoses. Satirical works of the eighteenth century can offer another major source of the monstrous; among others, Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Journeys, or the works of Alexander Pope provide many examples of the grotesque. Victor Hugo’s Hunchback of Notre Dame is among the most well-known grotesques in literature.
The Phantom of the Opera and the Monster in Beauty and the Beast can be likewise considered grotesque. Other examples of the grotesque in Romanticism can be found in Sturm und Drang literature and in the works of Edgar Allan Poe, E. T. A. Hoffmann, or Laurence Sterne. Romantic grotesque is different from medieval monstrous, which celebrated laughter and fertility, by being more dreadful and sombre. Grotesque figures in a fantasy world of Alice in the Wonderland by Lewis Carroll provided the monstrous a new shape. In J. R. R.
Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings, the character of Gollum might be thought about to suit the grotesque design template. Southern Gothic is a genre regularly identified with grotesques, from which authors such as William Faulkner, Flannery O’Connor, or Raymond Kennedy are frequently associated with the grotesque. In the 1931 movie, Frankenstein, the creature, being the primary character, was developed by Dr. Frankenstein, who was enhanced by his vanity and desire to give life to a set of dead body parts to break the natural cycle of life and death and to end up being equivalent to God. The animal? repulsive appearances made the superficial residents treat him as if he was a criminal without giving him a chance to reveal himself and reveal he actually wants to be a great individual. The townspeople instantly assumed the beast was wicked, judged him, and treated him appropriately. The moster reacted by using violence, the only way he understood to defend himself as his brain was undeveloped, which just validated others? judgment on him and caused much more violence. The only exception in mostly deprecatory responses of the residents was a little lady who did not feel any barriers to have fun with the beast and to be great to him.
In this case, the beast was shocked, as nobody had acted like that to him before, however attempted to be great due to the fact that of his yearning to have a human connection and this was his first chance to do so. The misfortunate of tossing the lady into the water, believing she would work as a good boat as flowers did, just shows how unandvanced the animal? s brain was. Watching the movie, a viewer can easily discover the sacrificing style; while the creature acts according to his impulses, Dr.
Frankenstein, who is the one that caused the evil and madness in real, is never even thought about to be penalized for creating a beast, furthermore, he is granted for his acomplishment. Frankenstein? s creature has a number of Monstrous qualities; enjoying the film, despite the monster? s physical features making viewers feel disgusted, one would naturally feel symphatetic towards the creature, given that his actions originated from his unintentional infant-like nature. In the Gothic movie, Edward Scissorhands, the main character has features of being Grotesque as well as that in Frankenstein, although they differ in some matters.
Edward? s creator? s intentions were not as dreadful as Dr. Frankenstein? s. Unlike Frankenstein? s beast, Edward was instantly accepted into society due to the vain factors of the townspeople. They took advantage of Edward? s scissors that made him various, but otherwise the society tried to repair him, civilize him, and make him fit in. Therefore he got a good set of clothes, make-up on his face, traditional household meals, and invites to celebrations. All those values are utilized to represent the effort to make Edward be part of society? s concept of proper citizens.
And he lets everybody do to him whatever they desire as after investing many years alone, he tries to find a human connection; his love for Kim is the best example. Other than that, to respond to the question “What is the very best part about your brand-new life?” Edward states “The buddies I? ve made.” Even when the society turns its back to him, cutting the dog? s hair out of his eyes so that he can see much better suggests searching for a friendship. One can observe the methods Edward is trying to enter into society regardless of missing hands and having scissors instead.
The scissors are there to represent separation and damage which is what they are used for when Edwards gets upset. He starts to damage his clothing, a family automobile, organized faith, which all make up signs of society. Another method to take a look at these actions is that Edward uses what makes him abnormal to destroy what attempted to fix him and make him identical, simply put he returns to himself. The society likes Edward as long as he enhances his own worth system, however never actually accepted him enough not to judge and turn on him immediately after one error.
All of a sudden he was not a human anymore as he got called “a demon”. For a viewer, it is extremely easy to feel compassion towards Edward, as he is very shy, caring, and loveable, and all his actions come either from his great innocent nature or as a semi-violent react to the society? s good manners. In the film, compromising theme appears again, whether it is Edward nearly getting arrested for burglarizing a house or his self-sacrifice by accepting not to see Kim ever again. All of the causes explained above show why Edward is considered a Grotesque character. Both of the characters fall in the category of Monstrous figures.
Other, “normal” people would look at them and automatically not accept them for their physical appearance is not what is thought about to be natural. Frankenstein? s animal is a much better representation of Grotesque character due to the way the society responds. In this case, society instantly assumes he is evil for his horrific physical functions. Audiences feel psychological towards the character, as being part of the society, one would take a look at him as an ugly animal but feel sorry for him at the exact same time. It is easy to pity the beast for being immediately regarded as evil and required to be killed for being uncommon or unusual.
The people of the town would right away shriek in terror only by the creature? s approach toward them. They immediately saw him as a villain that might trigger absolutely nothing but damage without ever offering him a chance to reveal himself and to prove those were not his intents. The society described him as a production of hell, not thinking of the truth that it was an actual human being that constructed the monster. The actuality that the beast was the sacrificial lamb instead of his creator being penalized just contributes to the factors Frankenstein? animal works completely as an example of a Monstrous figure. In conclusion, both primary characters in the films, Frankenstein and Edward Scissorhands, are considered to be grotesque. Both are evaluated for their repulsive appearances that makes them hideous while having good nature in genuine. Also, both Frankenstein? s beast and Edward are treated accordingly to the method they look, not what they are inside. Aside from using the films to find out about the Grotesque, one can likewise apply the concepts from the films to the society in today? s world.
Society today, in addition to those in the movies, judges individuals based on their looks instead of what one observes while getting to know them. Judging, whether a grotesque character as extreme as in the movies or a common person who simply does not fit in the society? s concept of perfect appeal, triggers individuals to assume the individual is somewhat even worse than everyone else and makes them not open to accept the one as they would if he looked the way that society considers is the ideal one. Individuals view anything irregular or unnatural as something they require to avoid.
Those people that differ might be forced to act in a different method than they generally would, due to society? s behaviour toward them, as displayed in the films. Lastly, one might wish to consider the notion that the people end up left alone, beyond society. Citations Burton, T. (Director) (1990 ). Edward scissorhands [DVD] Whale, J. (Director) (1931 ). Frankenstein [DVD] Eavan, Malone. “Grotesque Lecture.” Escambia High School. Florida, Pensacola. 2012. Lecture. Author unknown. “Grotesque in Literature.” Wikipedia. N. p., 10 2012. Web. 10 Dec 2012. <