‘Frankenstein’– Commentary The extract from ‘Frankenstein’ by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley is a story of Victor Frankenstein, a researcher, who has developed life from dead matter. He has made a guarantee to his creature that he would produce another monster– a woman– for his friendship. He has been working hard on this task alone in his lab. Victor contemplates the ramifications of his work on society. He fears that the brand-new monster might end up being wicked and treacherous, maybe even worse than his very first production.
He keeps an eye out the window and sees his beast, who had actually followed him everywhere to make sure he satisfied his guarantee. Seeing the look of malice on the monster’s face and becoming aghast with the truth that he may create a race of monsters, Victor Frankenstein tears up the task he is working on. The extract concludes with a mysterious figure rowing a boat approximately Victor’s home and quietly entering though the front door. The occasions of this extract are embeded in an isolated lab, potentially situated on an island, in Europe.
The lab itself is positioned by the beachfront, which is explained by the line: ‘A couple of fishing vessels alone speckled the water’. In this context, the lab setting communicates an eerie environment since the narrator is working on an abnormal experiment; his work is for his own purposes rather than for the good of mankind. In truth, his work might very well be the opposite. The setting of the passage supplies a cold, bleak atmosphere which matches the dark and foreboding nature of the story.
The title of the novel is worth mentioning: Frankenstein; or The Modern Prometheus. There is a common misconception in pop culture that the monster’s name is Frankenstein, however in Mary Shelley’s novel Victor Frankenstein is the name of the researcher and his beast is unnamed, a symbol of his lack of human sense and identity. Characterization is especially significant to appreciating this piece. The character of Victor Frankenstein is a smart and curious researcher. The majority of his time is spent alone and separated from society, which makes him eel lonely and friendless– ‘none were near me to dissipate the gloom’. He has actually exceeded the accepted borders within scientific experimentation and because of this, he has actually developed a hazardous monster. Deep down, he does have morals– suggested when he mentions that his production ‘had actually desolated my heart, and filled it for ever with the bitterest regret.’ He comprehends the effect of what he has done, and his guilt makes it impossible for him to produce a 2nd monster: ‘I made a solemn vow in my own heart never ever to resume my labours’.
The daemon (monster) is introduced through the narrator reviewing a previous experience. The narrator recalls that he has developed a ‘fiend’, a devilish creature who was ‘unparallel [in] barbarity’. This additional strengthens the repulsive appearance of the creature. Even the monster himself understands his physical grotesqueness, and ‘loathed his own defect’. This suggests that he comprehends what he is and understands that he is different from normal people. He is driven by this isolation and misery to become treacherous.
He forces his developer to produce another monster as a buddy to relieve his solitude, uttering ‘fiendish risks’ and following Victor Frankenstein in his journeys to guarantee he did not break his promise. The female variation of the beast which the scientist is dealing with does not yet have life or a personality however the scientist predicts what her characteristics may be. He fears that she may ‘end up being ten thousand times more malignant than her mate, and delight, for its own sake, in murder and wretchedness’.
This suggests the unforeseeable nature of Frankenstein’s experiments as the creator himself does not understand exactly how the production will turn out. Frankenstein fears that the female animal might turn away in disgust from her mate to the exceptional charm of male; which would imply that she had not fulfilled the purpose of her development in the very first place. Then the scientist’s ideas rely on the worst. He consider what would happen if, due to his development of a mate for his beast, a ‘race of devils would be propagated upon the earth’.
Unable to bear the concern of causing this curse on future generations, Victor Frankenstein destroys the female creature in a heat of enthusiasm. The very first monster sees him do this, and with a shout of ‘devilish misery and vengeance’, he disappears. This creative usage of alliteration highlights the true degree of the monster’s loneliness and his thirst for revenge. It also serves to accelerate the pace of the narrative as the reader is prepared for a climax. The structure of the extract also prepares the reader for a climax.
The longest paragraph is the first one; it provides the background information and detailed information concerning the circumstance. After that the paragraphs gradually get much shorter and much shorter. This accelerates the pace of the prose and indicates that something remarkable will happen. Shelley uses a personality of Victor Frankenstein who relates this story in first person story. From this viewpoint, it is clear that the tone of the passage also alters as it advances. In the first paragraph there is a tone of disgust for his production and also remorse for producing it in the first place.
The 2nd paragraph introduces a tone of fear at the effect of his experimentation. This tone of worry continues as he identifies the monster he gave life to; and as he remembers his guarantee. As the passage reaches the end, this sense of fear and alarm is magnified and the reader is entrusted to a picture of somebody entering the researcher’s apartment or condo. The second last paragraph in this extract conveys a calm, peaceful scene which surrounds a serene atmosphere. The author uses personification to describe the scene: ‘all nature reposed under the eye of the quiet moon’ which highlights the tranquil environments.
The mention of a ‘gentle breeze’ lulls the reader into a relaxing state of mind before exposing the frantic, remarkable occasions that are to come. By doing this, the author has made sure that the climatic paragraphs that follow have the maximum result on the reader. The final paragraph leaves the reader with a chilling sense of foreboding. Victor states: ‘I felt a presentiment of who it was … I was overcome by the feeling of helplessness’. This prepares the reader for the encounter with the intruder. The reader may think that it is Frankenstein’s beast that has actually burglarized his home.
The extract from Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein reveals the story of a male’s curiosity which results in a monstrous creation that breaks the laws of nature. Through making use of brilliant description and creative narrative design, Shelley brings to light the ethical predicament that a researcher is faced with. He eventually does the best thing however what he has actually performed in the past will not go unpunished. Basically, Frankenstein teaches us that there are some things that people must never try.—————- By: Tarannum Laskar