Check Out the Ways Steinbeck Presents and Develops Relationships Between Crooks and the Other Characters in the Novel ‘of Mice and Male’
Explore the methods Steinbeck presents and establishes relationships in between Crooks and the other characters in the novel ‘Of Mice and Men’ – How Steinbeck utilizes language and structure to expose these relationships to the reader – The significance of these relationships Crooks is an essential character in the unique ‘Of Mice and Guys’ by John Steinbeck, as Steinbeck uses Crooks to represent the bias and bigotry that black Americans suffering throughout 1930s’ society.
Therefore the reader is able to empathise with Criminals because Steinbeck exposes to the reader what society resembled throughout the Great Anxiety. Throughout the book we are able to recognise Scoundrels’ circumstance and we witness how Scoundrels’ dream of a better life has actually never ever come about, and as he is handicapped he is a permanent ranch employee so unlike the other characters he is unable to leave the ranch for anything better. Hence his dreams are minimal and will never ever occur; because of this Crooks has ended up being negative and bitter since of his treatment and suffering.
Criminals is an isolated character on the cattle ranch, however throughout the novel we do see some little relationships happen with some of the characters and we see how Crooks is able to open up to Lennie and he confesses all of his sensations and ideas due to the fact that Crooks sees him as a figure of trust as he’s unable to remember what he’s informed. We likewise see Crooks and Slim’s relationship as Slim is the only character Steinbeck wants the reader to admire-Slim represents all that is good in society. As a result, ‘Of Mice and Guys’ associates with the essential problems that remained in society at the time such as isolation, bigotry, prejudice and isolation.
Steinbeck utilizes the unique to bring light on these concerns, and uses the microcosm cattle ranch to represent the whole of society. In Chapter 2 of the unique ‘Of Mice and Guys’ Steinbeck exposes Crooks to the audience by the cattle ranch swamper Sweet. Steinbeck deliberately presents Scoundrels utilizing another character to highlight the inferiority compared to the other characters, as Crooks is unable to introduce himself the impression the reader gets off him is biased towards the naturally racist society and the views of others, that would’ve been affected by society too.
Alternatively because Scoundrels wasn’t offered his own voice to introduce himself this reflects back on the absence of social voice and identity that black individuals were provided. Steinbeck shows how insignificant Criminals’ character is on the ranch as he introduced as part of a story and not as a person. This presumes that he is in the background of their lives and that he has no close relate to any other ranch members.
This affects the reader as they empathise with Scoundrels’ circumstance as he is so separated and is unable to have any relationships with the other ranch employees; likewise the racist and prejudice society at the time restricts him to what he can do or who he can become. When Candy presents Crooks he casually refers to him as a “nigger” revealing the daily racism of the time. However when Steinbeck describes Crooks he refers to him as a “negro” which was viewed as a more reputable term for blacks in society.
Steinbeck intentionally does this to show how society was ill-mannered and racist juxtaposed to how they can be respectable if they describe blacks as “negro”. Steinbeck exposes to the reader how isolated Crooks is, when Sweet says “he’s got his own space” which infers that whilst all the cattle ranch employees share space and socialise playing card video games, Crooks sits in his space reading books; Possibly he checks out to leave from the real life he lives in as in books he has the ability to let his creativity take him away into his dreams.
Likewise as Crooks appears he can read he defies society’s perceptions of black people being illiterate at the time due to their absence of educational rights. Steinbeck reveals to the reader how Crooks is used by the boss as a method of blurting his anger, and how Crooks is dealt with differently to the other males due to the fact that of his skin colour. Sweet tells George and Lennie that the boss beats Crooks when he says “an’ he offer the steady buck hell, too” George concerns this and Sweet states “Sure. Ya see the stable dollar’s a nigger”.
This suggests how Sweet doesn’t see anything incorrect with in charge beating Crooks just because he’s a ‘nigger’, Sweet then goes onto call in charge “Nice fell too” which is favorable descriptions for somebody who unreasonably takes their frustration out on someone. However in chapter 3 of the novel, the reader lastly fulfills Scoundrels for theirselves. Criminals goes into the bunkhouse to tell Slim about a job he has simply provided for him, Steinbeck explains his arrival as “the door opened quietly and the steady dollar puts in his head; a lean negro head, lined with pain, the eyes patient” from this description the reader can see how Crooks s a gentle character who has found out to be mindful with his actions. Steinbeck description of Crooks depicts his suffering in depth as Steinbeck utilizes his facial features to describe his pain, as the discomfort Scoundrels feels isn’t noticeable to the workers as they’re oblivious to what the seclusion he suffers. Nevertheless to the reader the pain is extremely noticeable as they understand his isolation, and have the ability to understand how his discomfort shows up in his facial functions.
Steinbeck describes Criminals’ eyes as “client” provoking the reader is able to observe how he’s discovered to be passive and courteous when he’s around the workers. Scoundrels wishes to be handy to Slim and concurs to do more jobs for him as he sees Slim as an authentic individual who deserves respect. Steinbeck describes Crooks as a gentle and patient individual who would go out of his method to please just so he doesn’t feel so isolated and alone; this is revealed as Crooks says “I can do it if you want, Mr Slim”.
This infers that Crooks is a handy and thoughtful person who still tries to be as useful as he can despite his mistreatment from the cattle ranch workers. Finally, Crooks attempts to be handy and around the other workers for as long as possible as this is his only connection with them and his only methods of socialising. He wishes to be handy as he sees it as an escape of his seclusion. Slim is the only worker to call Crooks by his actual name and not as “nigger”. Steinbeck deliberately does this so the reader can see that’s how society should be where everybody gives everyone respect.
Nevertheless the reader never learns Scoundrels’ actual name, and feels in one’s bones him by his nickname, this presumes that he has a lack of identity due to the fact that nobody has made the effort to read more about Crooks, regardless of Slim offering Crooks regard, he still purchases him about as Crooks says “you informed me to warm up tar for that mule’s foot” this recommends that despite the minor respect Crooks is given, there’s still the undercurrent of inferiority of the black male and the power of the white male.
Steinbeck’s description of Crooks’ space highlights the differences in between Crooks and the other ranch workers, for instance Criminals’ space is ‘a little shed that leaned off the wall of the barn’ this indicates that Crooks is never ever far from his work and this is gone over even more when Steinbeck describes all of the work tools that are awaiting Scoundrels’ room “on the wall by the window there were pegs on which hung broken harness in process of being repaired; strips of brand-new leather. Unlike the other workers who when they return to their rooms, they socialise and play cards, Crooks has to bring his work back to his room as a way to inhabit himself. Criminals’ bed is referred to as ‘a long box filled with straw’ this suggests that Crooks is dealt with like an animal due to the fact that of his colour and his special needs. Crooks has actually been on the cattle ranch for a very long time since of his stability he has more possessions than any of the other workers who are migrant; Crooks is able to leave his individual belongings’ lying around as he is alone and nobody will come along and take them.
Steinbeck expresses Crooks is an educated guy as Crooks posses books “he had books, too; a scruffy dictionary and a whipped copy of the California civil code for 1905. There were battered publications and a few dirty books on an unique rack over his bunk”, due to the fact that of the condition of the books, ‘tattered and mauled’ the reader can recommend that the books were well checked out perhaps out of boredom or as a desire to learn more about his rights and new words that attracted him. Alternatively, due to the fact that Crooks’ California civil code book was mauled it has actually been abused comparable to Crook’s rights.
In area 4 of the novel, Lennie appears at Crooks bunk door which surprises Crooks leading him to become protective over himself and over his room. When Crooks notices Lennie at the doorway he ‘stiffened and a grimace came on his face’ Crooks’ stiffened state mean he became rigid and not able to move, possibly this might since of the shock of seeing somebody at his door or since of his back and the discomfort he feels. Scoundrels is uninformed of Lennie’s childlike mind since of his partition from the group and doesn’t permit Lennie in at first and keeps re-iterating his rights “you got no best to come in my space, this here’s my space.
Nobody got any right in here however me” Crooks clings to the rights that he does as and makes certain people know that. As Lennie discusses why he’s at Crooks’ door, Crooks starts to alter his mind and let Lennie in, physically and psychologically as Criminals opens up to Lennie about his isolation within the cattle ranch. However Lennie pays no attention to Crooks and is not able to remember what Crooks says; Crooks identifies this but still speaks about his feelings as he says “I seen it over and an’ over– a man talkin’ to another man and it don’t make no distinction if he hears or comprehend.
The thing is, they’re talkin’, or they’re settin’ still not talkin’. It do not make no difference, no difference” the reader has the ability to acknowledge this is what Crooks dreams off, the company of another person around him; this is the reason he enabled Lennie in as he realised that this is his opportunity of getting that company. Additionally Crooks reveals his relationship with the other employees as he says “they state I stink. Well, I tell you, you all stink to me” this shows there is no relationship, just prejudice and insults.
He uses brief and sharp sentences to reveal his sensations such as “cause I’m black” the sharpness of these sentences expose his uttermost discomfort however without stating a lot it still focus his pain, anger and disappointment. Right before Crooks lets Lennie being in his space, ‘Crooks grimaced, however Lennie’s deactivating smile defeated him’ this suggests Lennie has actually gotten Scoundrels to unwind a little, and it’s likely that Crooks has actually broken a little and made him relent from being so protective due to the fact that of Lennie’s innocence. Even more into area 4 of the novel the reader begins to get an insight into Scoundrels’ background and his early life.
The reader is able to find out that Crooks had no experience of racism as a kid and has only familiarized racism as he begin his working life. When Crooks was a kid he had regular contact with white kids “The white kids concern dip into our location, an’ in some cases I went to play with them” As children they don’t comprehend racism. Steinbeck highlights the distinctions in between kids and grownups in society as kids are the ones that don’t prejudge; nonetheless as they grow up society starts to corrupt them, and Steinbeck emphasises that society breeds ruthlessness.
Steinbeck highlights a cycle of violence in section 4 of the novel as Crooks ends up being manipulative of Lennie as he ends up being impatient with Lennie’s bunny fixation and tries to bring him back to truth by cruelly stating “S’pose George do not come back say goodbye to” This suggests that Crooks is attempting to make Lennie consider the solitude that Crooks suffers, Steinbeck shows the cycle of violence as Crooks has actually been treated severely and now as he identifies he has more power over someone he begins to deal with Lennie severely.
Steinbeck focus just how much satisfaction Crooks got out of his tormenting as Scoundrels was eager to annoy Lennie further “Crooks pushed forward some type of private triumph”. In extract 8 of section 4 we see Curley’s spouse make a look, and the reader can see that the relationship between Crooks and Curley’s wife is non-existent as white ladies and negro males did not mix, due to the fact that of this society conforming Crooks is very distressed of her being around as she’s the one in charge’ boy’s other half.
The reader can right away see bow unpleasant Crooks is at her presence he hardly participates in the dialogue instead he lets Curley’s better half go on about her life with Curley. The very first mention of Crooks in the extract wants Curley’s partner is finished talking ‘Criminals had retired into the dreadful protective self-respect of a negro’ this indicates that Crooks is scared of the power she has.
However Crooks stands up to Curley’s partner when he said “You got no rights comin’ in a colored man’s space … I’m gon na ast the boss not to ever let you can be found in the barn no more” in spite of this Crooks’ confidence took a huge knock when Curley’s partner started to speak nastily, “Listen, nigger … you understand what I can do to you if you open your trap” Curley’s other half establishes a very assertive tone that bullies Crooks into the shy isolated individual he was at the start of the book.
Steinbeck highlights a circular structure of area 4 as completion of the area starts precisely as it began with Crooks sitting alone in his bunk rubbing ointment onto his back; this repeats to the reader that nothing has changed which Crooks’ brief friendship has actually just brought him more discomfort.
To conclude, Criminals’ relationships with the other characters are very short, nevertheless Crooks identifies that he has developed relationships however these are damaged by those with more power than him. After the chapter dedicated to him, Crooks is left alone and separated when again producing no change; also the reader does not become aware of Crooks once again representing the society at the time where all are unsympathetic about his fate.