Alexander Dumas’ The Count of Monte Cristo is established upon historical occasions and political intrigue. He not only utilizes historic realities to assist the reader understand, he also weaves such information into the story to make it possible for his reader to have an understanding of the current occasions that were happening in France, throughout that time (from approx. 1815 through 1838). Dumas would want his readers to be familiar with French history, and to have it in their mind as they read his beloved tale.
In the 1800’s Marseilles was one of the largest ports in the south of France with a “population between 93,000 and 110,000”, therefore trade flourished and it was home to many merchants, and organisations (Marseilles). This is where our story of revenge starts. Marseilles was the hometown of Edmond who we satisfy as a naïve sailor who is later to end up being locked up as a political crook, and altered for life. Marseilles was likewise the house to both Edmond’s dad who passes away of cravings right after his kid was imprisoned, and Edmonds lovely, and noble fiancé Mercedes who was a bad, Catalan. After Dantes’ jail time Mercedes took care of his daddy till he passed. She lost faith of Dantes ever being launched from jail and back by her side, there for she felt she had no choice however to marry Fernand Mondego when he requested for her hand in marriage. Fernand Mondego was the envious angler who also betrayed Dantes due to the fact that he too was in love with Mercedes.
Mondego saw, and took the chance to thwart their love for one another. Military success brought Mondego a fortune, which allowed him to alter his name to Count de Morcef, making Mercedes the Countess. The Morrel family (the owners of the ship, Pharaon), were also locals of Marseilles. Mr. Morrel felt a good deal of compassion for Dantes’ family which obliged him to not just invest with great effort, his time and money in an attempt to keep Dantes from an un-warranted life in prison but, he also spent for Dantes’ daddy’s burial. The cards were stacked versus Dantes, and even with the assistance of M. Morrel, his future was written. As soon as Edmond escaped from prison he visited M. Morrel who was in the depths of anguish, and pondering ideas of suicide due to the fact that he might no longer support him self economically.
Dantes seeing him as an exemplary male who had actually once gone to excellent lengths, and understanding the efforts taken by Morrel in effort to conserve him from prison, Dantes felt obliged, and anonymously made a monetary contribution to Morrel, which, saved him from mess up. While Dantes never revealed himself as the contributor Morrel presumed that it was he, and on his deathbed Morrel explains to his household that he believes that their finical rescuer was undoubtedly Edmond Dantes. The district attorney of Marseilles, who was ultimately accountable for Dantes’ imprisonment, was Monsieur de Vellefort. Vellefort’s dad was a recognized Bonapartist. Vellefort who disagreed with his dad’s stance, and as the prosecutor distinctly took an exceptionally extreme position on his policy in handling Bonapartist conspirators. Vellefort sought to protect his own name by putting Edmond in jail as a political conspirator due to the fact that he knew, and feared the letter Dantes carried might be traced back to his (Vellefort’s) daddy so, he used his power in a misdirected manor to which he would later on suffer at the hands of Dantes.
Danglars was a guy driven by non-other than jealousy who also resided in Marseilles at the time. He despised that Dantes had actually been advanced to Captain of the Pharaon rather of him, and looked for a plot in which Dantes could be captured with the letter to stain his name, leaving Danglar’s the only choice to fill his role as captain. After Edmond’s jail time Danglars undoubtedly ended up being the captain and eventually graduated his position to a banker. As a banker he had the ability to get an extraordinary fortune where he then became a Baron. In the end Monte Cristo destroyed Danglars by damaging his fortune. Dumas deliberately created each of these characters to have start in a position of hardship, revealing us how they were either villainous in their increase to fortune, and would eventually be ruined by Dantes’vengeance.
Or, Dumas revealed the character to be virtuous with their fortune, and power eventually to be saved, or spared by our protagonist. He also showed us these characters development from the bottom of the socioeconomic structure, ultimately succeeding into wealth, their bye revealing us, [the reader] there were no misgivings of old cash or new throughout these times in France. Each of these characters increased in the echelons, and were afforded the ability to get a title and were able re-create themselves within society in a manner to which they deemed worthy of their amassed fortunes. This ability for one to somewhat acquire a title gives us a great sense of the modifications that were happening during that time, it was no longer about being of royal blood that offered you credibility, or worthiness, but about how difficult one worked to further themselves and gain their fortune.
In the opening scenes of the story Danglars, who is the ships “supercargo” reports to the ships owner once they docked in Marseilles, that Edmond, acting upon what was the last passing away desire of his captain, had stopped at the island of Elba to retrieve a letter that was addressed to Noirtier (Dumas 5). In fulfilling his captains last dyeing desire, Edmond’s unwittingly retrieved a letter from Napoleon personally, making it appear as though he was conspiring with the then banished Napolean, which he himself was a Bonapartist. Napoleon had actually been a soldier and after that went on to become Emperor of France in the early 1800’s. It was after the Reign Of Terror that Napoleon was chosen Very first consul of France. Napoleon made lots of terrific changes for his country. He brought much required structure back to France.
He started by implementing much better education, paying off France’s debt, and altering the structure of his army. He permitted not only the upscale to rise within the ranks, however managing the impoverished the exact same opportunity of development within the ranks as they showed their worth, and showcased their talents. Napolean’s army was no longer based upon financial stature, but one that afforded an equivalent playing field to every guy (as long as they were anglo). Napoleon likewise applied this very same idea procedure into the civilian world of France also. In an effort to expand France’s territory he invaded Russia. This intrusion turned out to be among Napoleon’s biggest beats. During this terrific siege Napoleon was out navigated by Russia’s Alexander I, this led to a defeat, and a loss of almost 500,000 French troops.
Not long after he stepped down as consul and was gotten rid of to the island of Elba. During this time, there were residents who still liked and supported what he had provided for France; these people were thought about to be Bonapartist’s. There were also members of the French nobility (and much of Europe’s) who abhored Napoleon, they wanted absolutely nothing more than to see him gotten rid of; they called themselves royalists. Dumas desired this clearly specified so the reader would feel the internal power battle between Bonapartist and Royalists.
Among these royalists was a man called Villefort. He occurred to be the prosecutor Edmonds dealt with in Marseilles. Villefort understood full well that Edmond was an innocent male, and not a Bonapartist, but made a computed choice to secure his own ambitions, due to the fact that it was his (Villefort’s) dads name that was mentioned in the letter that Edmonds had carried back from Napoleon. His daddy was a recognized Bonapartist, so in an effort to show assistance to the royalists, and put a damper on the Bonapartist efforts, Villefort secretly sentenced Edmond to the political jail of Chateau d’if.
Dantes was thrown into Chateau d’ if, and forgotten for fourteen years. Throughout the very first few years of his imprisonment Dantes’ father died of starvation, and Mercedes married Fernand; both of which he is totally unaware of. As time passed he became increasingly more delusional, and even began to consider suicide. All the while, his previous company Morrel made efforts to locate Dontes in an attempt to try to have him launched, however was not able to find his location. The Chateau d’if, where our fictional character Dantes was locked up, remained in truth an actual jail fortress. It was “constructed by the French King Francis I in 1524” on an island in the bay roughly one mile off the coast of Marseille (Chateau d’if). It’s was initially designed and was meant to be a defense mechanism versus would be enemies of Marseille, but soon ended up being the house to, “3,500 Huguenots (French Protestants) who made their keep as galley slaves”(Marseille-Provence).
This rocky, beach front setting is where Edmond Dantes was doomed to carry out his unwarranted sentence, and invested fourteen long years of his life; just a stone throw away from Marseille, yet nobody could locate him. A lot of the chateau’s actual guests seem to have had the common style of being baseless detainees. It was not unusual during the time for people to be “locked up without trial under so-called lettres de prestige, supposedly signed by the King, for minor misdemeanors (a popular ploy utilized by well-to-do households to eliminate rowdy offspring without causing a public scandal)”(Marseille-Provence). Surprisingly enough, among Napoleons Civil Codes required it legal for a father to imprison a kid for approximately 1 month. A lot of the Chateau’s occupants were lost in the shuffle, and locked up for as long as the household wanted. This island for misfits, and undesirable relatives is also the area where Dantes befriends Abbe Faria, who was likewise a political prisoner.
The two detainees meet when the Abbe was trying to tunnel his method to freedom; nevertheless, a miscalculation brought him directly into Dantes’ cell, instead of out to the flexibility he had preferred. The two freshly discovered buddies invested the next few years passing their time. Abbe devoted himself to the job of informing Dantes in science, literature languages. He also assists Dantes figure out whom it was that played key parts, and were ultimate obligation lie for his imprisonment. At some point Abbe began to think of Dantes as the kid he never had, and confided in Dantes the area to the surprise fortune. Together the 2 began preparing their daring escape, understanding all the while that any escape plan would be hard, if not difficult due to the reality that the jail is totally surrounded by water, and much of the island had vertical cliff walls that would raise the probability of injury if not death, while escaping. Luckily for the pair, they had absolutely nothing but time.
During this era in France, prisoners with wealth and title (like the Abbe) might ask for particular products to make their remain a bit more comfy. The Abbe used this to their advantage, and was able to order some tools and trinkets for his cell. The exact same reason Abbe had the ability to order trinkets is the factor Edmond had none; he was destitute, and not able to acquire items. This was likewise rather a sign of the times; if you were greater up in society, you had the ability to purchase more advantages in prison, in addition to in life. The Abbe passed away before the two were able to act out their escape plan. Believing rapidly on his feet, Dantes was able to change his own body in the Abbe’s body bag, solidifying his own escape.
The hopes Dantes held onto, and that drove him to be triumphant in his escape were gone. When he did finally get his flexibility he was faced with the truth that his loved ones were either dead, or had moved on, and it was no longer a possibility to be a part of their life, or the one that he had actually left behind. He was a male who must choose what it was he was going to become, and make with the life that he restored. Throughout this time it is made clear that Dantes was dealing with his function in life, and felt lost. It was said that he felt, “that he belongs to no nation, no land, even to the point where he feels more at ease while on the ocean” (D’Ammassa). While considering what he was to end up being and what to do with his life, now that he was a totally free guy Dantes invested some time onboard a ship as a smuggler in the Mediterranean. Where he might face his feelings, and choose what is was he wanted to do.
Throughout one such smuggling trip Dantes had the chance to go to the Island of Monte Cristo where he resigned his position a smuggler and proceeded to find the treasure Abbe delegated him with. The Island of Monte Cristo is undoubtedly a real island. It is located in the “Island Chain Toscano National Forest” but, is not available to individuals and is now an animal refuge (Montercristo Island). It is presumed that Dumas had visited this remote island in 1842 and thought it perfect for the usage as the setting in among his novels; nevertheless, the real island bears little similarity to the one represented in his tale. In the story Edmond finds the treasure that Abbe Faria delegated to him, on this island. The resources from the treasure will ultimately allow him the opportunity to manifest himself into a count, and begin his ascent into righting the wrongs done unto him.
Once his check out to the island of Monte Cristo has ended he continues to Rome where he remains for a while revitalizing himself in upscale hotels, and taking gorgeous females to the opera. Throughout his stay there Dantes met Valentine, Villefort’s child; this act strikes a chord deep within Dantes and stimulates his retribution into action. Dantes likewise satisfies Albert de Morcerf in Rome, where he assistants in Alberts release from abductors. To return this life conserving favor Dantes asks Albert to familiarize him with the Parisian aristocrats. For those people with an appetite for a great vengeance book, this is where you can feel the plot start to thicken, and Dumas has you skimming the pages. With Albert as his guide, Dantes makes his way to Paris where the intrigue heightens as Dantes began to select off his prey one by one.
During the time when Dumas’ tail was launched, Paris was the city center of France, 600,000 individuals lived there. It was the capital for European culture, and sciences, and also where a lot of Dumas’ readers would have been located making Paris an obvious option to set such a tale; the sale of his writings to readers in the city were expanding. Paris was left in shambles up until Napoleon ended up being very first consul. At which time he began to re-model the city, offering it qualities you might have seen in a more as much as date Rome.
He added sewers, sidewalks bridges, and wharves. These additions not just brought about a much better economy, but better living conditions for lots of. This city filled with Parisian culture was likewise where the Villefort, the Morcerf, and the Danglars families had actually all settled. These families migrated to Paris, and with their recently acquired wealth started lavishing them selves in a life of luxury. As soon as in Paris, and with help the Count discovers his method into the middle of each of the families, ending up being a most welcome guest. It is from this determined position that Dantes has the ability to initiate his plan and eventually unravel the successes, and happiness of each of the males who had at one time or another outlined against him.
Dumas, had the ability to give his reader an understanding of the setting in The Count of Monte Cristo with ease, he just embellished upon of the historic occasions that were occurring before his eyes. Dumas skillfully tied together the political battle between Napoleon and the Royalists. By expounding upon widely known, and heavily populated cities such as Marseille, he was able to bestow a bit of history, and expand his reader’s minds, while likewise adventuring with them to isolated, harmful locations like the Chateau d’if or perhaps Monte Cristo Island. He solidifies the intrigue, risk, and naturally revenge in his literary work of art, which makes sure to continue to mesmerize readers for many generations to come.
“Chateau d’If”. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012
This short article describes Chateau d’if the small Mediterranean island off the port of Marseille. I
intend to be able to offer a more precise advancement of the scene where Dumas’ main
character invested a terrific part time. This short article originated from the Encyclopedia Britannica
D’Ammassa, Don. “The Count of Monte Cristo.” Encyclopedia of Experience Fiction. New York:
Facts On File, Inc., 2008. Blossom’s Literary Recommendation Online. Facts On File, Inc. 15