Dumas’ the Count of Monte Cristo
Historical analysis of Dumas’ The Count of Monte Cristo Alexander Dumas’ The Count of Monte Cristo is founded upon historical events and political intrigue. He not just uses historic realities to help the reader comprehend, he also weaves such information into the story to make it possible for his reader to have an understanding of the present events that were happening in France, throughout that time (from approx. 1815 through 1838). Dumas would want his readers to be acquainted with French history, and to have it in their mind as they read his precious tale.
In the 1800’s Marseilles was among the biggest ports in the south of France with a “population between 93,000 and 110,000”, therefore trade flourished and it was home to many merchants, and companies (Marseilles). This is where our story of vengeance starts. Marseilles was the home town of Edmond who we meet as a naive sailor who is later on to end up being imprisoned as a political lawbreaker, and modified for life. Marseilles was likewise the house to both Edmond’s father who passes away of cravings soon after his kid was sent to prison, and Edmonds lovely, and noble fiance Mercedes who was a bad, Catalan.
After Dantes’ jail time Mercedes cared for his daddy up until he passed. She despaired of Dantes ever being launched from jail and back by her side, there for she felt she had no option however to marry Fernand Mondego when he requested her hand in marital relationship. Fernand Mondego was the envious angler who also betrayed Dantes since he too was in love with Mercedes. Mondego saw, and took the chance to thwart their love for one another. Military success brought Mondego a fortune, which enabled him to alter his name to Count de Morcef, making Mercedes the Countess.
The Morrel family (the owners of the ship, Pharaon), were likewise residents of Marseilles. Mr. Morrel felt a lot of empathy for Dantes’ household which forced him to not just invest with terrific effort, his money and time in an attempt to keep Dantes from an un-warranted life in jail but, he also spent for Dantes’ father’s burial. The cards were stacked against Dantes, and even with the support of M. Morrel, his future was composed. When Edmond got away from prison he visited M. Morrel who remained in the depths of anguish, and pondering ideas of suicide due to the fact that he might no longer support him self economically.
Dantes seeing him as a righteous guy who had actually as soon as gone to excellent lengths, and understanding the efforts taken by Morrel in attempt to save him from jail, Dantes felt obliged, and anonymously made a monetary contribution to Morrel, which, conserved him from ruin. While Dantes never ever exposed himself as the factor Morrel thought that it was he, and on his deathbed Morrel discusses to his household that he thinks that their finical savior was certainly Edmond Dantes. The prosecutor of Marseilles, who was ultimately accountable for Dantes’ imprisonment, was Monsieur de Vellefort.
Vellefort’s dad was a known Bonapartist. Vellefort who disagreed with his daddy’s stance, and as the prosecutor decidedly took an extremely harsh position on his policy in dealing with Bonapartist conspirators. Vellefort looked for to protect his own name by putting Edmond in jail as a political conspirator since he understood, and feared the letter Dantes brought might be traced back to his (Vellefort’s) father so, he used his power in a misdirected manor to which he would later suffer at the hands of Dantes.
Danglars was a guy driven by non-other than jealousy who likewise lived in Marseilles at the time. He despised that Dantes had actually been advanced to Captain of the Pharaon instead of him, and looked for a plot in which Dantes might be caught with the letter to stain his name, leaving Danglar’s the only choice to fill his function as captain. After Edmond’s imprisonment Danglars undoubtedly became the captain and ultimately graduated his position to a lender. As a banker he had the ability to acquire an extraordinary fortune where he then became a Baron. In the end Monte Cristo destroyed Danglars by ruining his fortune.
Dumas purposely produced each of these characters to have beginning in a position of poverty, showing us how they were either villainous in their rise to fortune, and would ultimately be ruined by Dantes’revenge. Or, Dumas revealed the character to be virtuous with their fortune, and power eventually to be conserved, or spared by our lead character. He also revealed us these characters progression from the bottom of the socioeconomic structure, eventually succeeding into wealth, their bye revealing us, [the reader] there were no misgivings of old money or new throughout these times in France.
Each of these characters increased in the tiers, and were managed the capability to acquire a title and were able re-create themselves within society in a manner to which they deemed worthy of their generated fortunes. This ability for one to rather obtain a title offers us an excellent sense of the changes that were happening during that time, it was no longer about being of royal blood that gave you trustworthiness, or worthiness, but about how difficult one worked to advance themselves and gain their fortune.
In the opening scenes of the story Danglars, who is the ships “supercargo” reports to the ships owner once they docked in Marseilles, that Edmond, acting on what was the last dying desire of his captain, had actually stopped at the island of Elba to retrieve a letter that was resolved to Noirtier (Dumas 5). In fulfilling his captains last coloring desire, Edmond’s unwittingly retrieved a letter from Napoleon personally, making it appear as though he was conspiring with the then exiled Napolean, which he himself was a Bonapartist.
Napoleon had been a soldier and then went on to become Emperor of France in the early 1800’s. It was after the French Revolution that Napoleon was elected Very first consul of France. Napoleon made many great modifications for his country. He brought much needed structure back to France. He started by executing much better education, settling France’s financial obligation, and altering the structure of his army. He permitted not only the affluent to increase within the ranks, however managing the impoverished the very same chance of growth within the ranks as they showed their worth, and showcased their skills.
Napolean’s army was no longer based upon financial stature, but one that managed an equivalent playing field to every male (as long as they were anglo). Napoleon also used this same thought procedure into the civilian world of France also. In an effort to broaden France’s territory he got into Russia. This invasion ended up being among Napoleon’s greatest beats. Throughout this excellent siege Napoleon was out steered by Russia’s Alexander I, this resulted in a defeat, and a loss of nearly 500,000 French soldiers.
Right after he stepped down as consul and was gotten rid of to the island of Elba. Throughout this time, there were people who still enjoyed and supported what he had actually provided for France; these people were thought about to be Bonapartist’s. There were likewise members of the French nobility (and much of Europe’s) who despised Napoleon, they desired nothing more than to see him removed; they called themselves royalists. Dumas desired this clearly defined so the reader would feel the internal power battle between Bonapartist and Royalists. One of these royalists was a guy called Villefort.
He took place to be the prosecutor Edmonds faced in Marseilles. Villefort understood full well that Edmond was an innocent man, and not a Bonapartist, but made a calculated choice to secure his own aspirations, due to the fact that it was his (Villefort’s) daddies name that was discussed in the letter that Edmonds had actually carried back from Napoleon. His dad was a known Bonapartist, so in an effort to reveal support to the royalists, and detered the Bonapartist efforts, Villefort secretly sentenced Edmond to the political jail of Chateau d’if.
Dantes was thrown into Chateau d’ if, and forgotten for fourteen years. Throughout the very first couple of years of his jail time Dantes’ dad passed away of starvation, and Mercedes married Fernand; both of which he is totally uninformed of. As time passed he ended up being more and more delusional, and even began to consider suicide. All the while, his previous company Morrel made efforts to find Dontes in an effort to attempt to have him launched, but was unable to find his area. The Chateau d’if, where our fictional character Dantes was locked up, remained in reality a real jail fortress.
It was “constructed by the French King Francis I in 1524” on an island in the bay approximately one mile off the coast of Marseille (Chateau d’if). It’s was originally created and was meant to be a defense reaction against would be attackers of Marseille, but quickly ended up being the home to, “3,500 Huguenots (French Protestants) who made their keep as galley servants”(Marseille-Provence). This rocky, beach front setting is where Edmond Dantes was doomed to carry out his baseless sentence, and invested fourteen long years of his life; simply a stone get rid of from Marseille, yet nobody might locate him.
A lot of the chateau’s real visitors seem to have had the typical style of being baseless detainees. It was not uncommon during the time for people to be “sent to prison without trial under so-called lettres de prestige, allegedly signed by the King, for small misdemeanors (a popular tactic utilized by well-off families to get rid of unruly offspring without causing a public scandal)”(Marseille-Provence). Funnily enough, among Napoleons Civil Codes required it legal for a daddy to put behind bars a child for up to 1 month.
Many of the Chateau’s occupants were lost in the shuffle, and locked up for as long as the household preferred. This island for misfits, and undesirable loved ones is likewise the area where Dantes befriends Abbe Faria, who was likewise a political prisoner. The 2 detainees meet when the Abbe was trying to tunnel his method to liberty; nevertheless, a mistake brought him directly into Dantes’ cell, rather of out to the flexibility he had actually wanted. The 2 newly found friends invested the next few years passing their time. Abbe devoted himself to the job of educating Dantes in science, literature languages.
He also assists Dantes find out whom it was that played crucial parts, and were supreme duty lie for his incarceration. At some point Abbe began to think of Dantes as the boy he never ever had, and confided in Dantes the location to the covert fortune. Together the two started planning their daring escape, knowing all the while that any escape strategy would be tough, if not difficult due to the truth that the jail is completely surrounded by water, and much of the island had vertical cliff walls that would raise the possibility of injury if not death, while escaping. Fortunately for the set, they had nothing but time.
Throughout this era in France, detainees with wealth and title (like the Abbe) could request certain products to make their remain a bit more comfortable. The Abbe utilized this to their advantage, and was able to buy some tools and trinkets for his cell. The exact same factor Abbe was able to buy trinkets is the reason Edmond had none; he was penniless, and not able to purchase products. This was likewise quite a sign of the times; if you were greater up in society, you had the ability to buy more advantages in prison, along with in life. The Abbe died prior to the two had the ability to act out their escape plan.
Believing quickly on his feet, Dantes was able to change his own body in the Abbe’s body bag, solidifying his own escape. The hopes Dantes held onto, which drove him to be victorious in his escape were gone. When he did finally acquire his flexibility he was faced with the truth that his loved ones were either dead, or had moved on, and it was no longer a possibility to be a part of their life, or the one that he had left behind. He was a male who must choose what it was he was going to end up being, and do with the life that he restored. During this time it is made clear that Dantes was fighting with his purpose in life, and felt lost.
It was stated that he felt, “that he comes from no country, no land, even to the point where he feels more at ease while on the ocean” (D’Ammassa). While considering what he was to end up being and what to do with his life, now that he was a complimentary male Dantes spent a long time onboard a ship as a smuggler in the Mediterranean. Where he might confront his sensations, and choose what is was he wanted to do. During one such smuggling trip Dantes had the opportunity to go to the Island of Monte Cristo where he resigned his position a smuggler and proceeded to find the treasure Abbe delegated him with. The Island of Monte Cristo is undoubtedly an actual island.
It is located in the “Island Chain Toscano National Park” but, is not accessible to people and is now an animal haven (Montercristo Island). It is presumed that Dumas had actually visited this remote island in 1842 and thought it perfect for the usage as the setting in one of his books; nevertheless, the real island bears little resemblance to the one represented in his tale. In the story Edmond discovers the treasure that Abbe Faria entrusted to him, on this island. The resources from the treasure will eventually allow him the chance to manifest himself into a count, and begin his climb into righting the wrongs done unto him.
When his check out to the island of Monte Cristo has ended he proceeds to Rome where he remains for a while invigorating himself in upscale hotels, and taking lovely ladies to the opera. During his stay there Dantes fulfilled Valentine, Villefort’s daughter; this act strikes home deep within Dantes and spurs his retribution into action. Dantes also satisfies Albert de Morcerf in Rome, where he aides in Alberts release from abductors. To return this life saving favor Dantes asks Albert to acquaint him with the Parisian aristocrats.
For those people with a hunger for a great revenge novel, this is where you can feel the plot begin to thicken, and Dumas has you scanning the pages. With Albert as his guide, Dantes makes his method to Paris where the intrigue intensifies as Dantes started to pick off his victim one by one. During the time when Dumas’ tail was launched, Paris was the city center of France, 600,000 individuals lived there. It was the capital for European culture, and sciences, and also where many of Dumas’ readers would have been located making Paris an apparent choice to set such a tale; the sale of his works to readers in the city were flourishing.
Paris was left in disarray up until Napoleon became very first consul. At which time he started to re-model the city, providing it qualities you might have seen in a more as much as date Rome. He added sewers, pathways bridges, and wharves. These additions not only produced a better economy, however much better living conditions for numerous. This city full of Parisian culture was also where the Villefort, the Morcerf, and the Danglars families had all settled. These families migrated to Paris, and with their freshly acquired wealth began lavishing them selves in a life of high-end.
As soon as in Paris, and with assistance the Count discovers his way into the midst of each of the families, ending up being a most welcome visitor. It is from this calculated position that Dantes is able to start his strategy and eventually unravel the successes, and happiness of each of the men who had at one time or another outlined versus him. Dumas, was able to give his reader an understanding of the setting in The Count of Monte Cristo with ease, he simply decorated upon of the historical celebrations that were happening prior to his eyes. Dumas expertly looped the political struggle between Napoleon and the Royalists.
By expounding upon popular, and populous cities such as Marseille, he had the ability to bestow a little bit of history, and broaden his reader’s minds, while also adventuring with them to isolated, harmful locations like the Chateau d’if or even Monte Cristo Island. He strengthens the intrigue, danger, and obviously revenge in his literary work of art, which is sure to continue to mesmerize readers for lots of generations to come. Works Cited “Chateau d’If”. Encyclop? dia Britannica. Encyclop? dia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012
This short article explains Chateau d’if the little Mediterranean island off the port of Marseille. I wish to be able to offer a more accurate development of the scene where Dumas’ primary character spent a fantastic part time. This article came from the Encyclopedia Britannica online. D’Ammassa, Don. “The Count of Monte Cristo.” Encyclopedia of Experience Fiction. New York: Realities On File, Inc., 2008. Blossom’s Literary Recommendation Online. Truths On File, Inc. 15 November 2012. This is a crucial analysis of Dumas’ work priticularly The Count of Monte Cristo. This post will assist support some of the concepts in my critical analysis.
This important analysis was found at Blossom’s Literary Recommendation on line. Dumas, Alexandre. “The Count of Monte Cristo.” New York City: Random House, 1996. Print. This unique by Dumas is a timeless story of an innocent guy that was wrongly however, intentionally locked up. It is also a tail of the main character, Edmond Dantes’ dazzling technique of revenge versus those who betrayed him. “Elba”. Encyclop? dia Britannica. Encyclop? dia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012 This short article explains Elba, which the island that Napoleon was exiled to. It provides a historic erspective of the time while Napoleon took refuge there. This post came from the Encyclopedia Britannica online. King, Patricia Ann. “The Count of Monte-Cristo.” Masterplots, Fourth Edition. Ed. Laurence W. Mazzeno, fourth ed. Salem Press, 2010. Salem Literature Web. 27 Nov. 2012. This summary and critical assessment of The Count of Monte Cristo sheds some light on the fact that the novel could have been based upon a true story that happened approx. thirty years prior to the book being composed. This summary and vital examination will support the style and setting. This summary was found at Columbia College Library on line. “Marseille”.
Encyclopeadia Britannica. Encyclopeadia Britannica online. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012 This article describes Marseille, which is where the start of our story occurs. It offers a historic viewpoint of life during that time. This post came from the Encyclopedia Britannica online. Marseille-provence. Marseille-provence. info. 2012. Web. 18 November 2012 This a websites knows on Marseille and the Chateau d’if that will help support some of the facts from my other sources. This article came from a websites at Marseille- provence. info “Montecristo Island”. Encyclop? dia Britannica. Encyclop? ia Britannica Online. Encyclop? dia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2012 This article describes Montecristo Island of the coast of France, it offers information, and information in regards to the island. This post originated from the Encyclopedia Britannica online. Ruppert, Tim. “Bonaparte, Napoleon.” In Maunder, Andrew, ed Encyclopedia of Literary Romanticism. New York City: Infobase Publishing, 2010. Blossom’s Literary Reference Online. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 15 November 2o12. This is a short biography of Napoleon and how he was viewed, especially by William Wordsworth. Wordsworth explained that Napoleon was a hazard to Great Britain. This iography will help support the political scene Edmond Dantes was accidentally tossed into. This bio was discovered at Flower’s Literary Recommendation on line. Taylor, Karen L. “Dumas, Alexandre, pere.” Realities On File Companion to the French Unique. New York City: Truths On File, Inc., 2007. Flower’s Literary Reference Online. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 15 November 2012. This biography of Alexandre Dumas quickly takes you through his life, starting with his very first task as a clerk at notary’s workplace, eventually to the end of his life where he died broke. Karen Taylor’s biography of Aleandre Dumas has insight that will be made use of as supporting details.
This bio was found at Flower’s Literary Recommendation online. Taylor, Karen L. “The Count of Monte Cristo.” Realities On File Companion to the French Unique. New York City: Realities On File, Inc., 2007. Bloom’s Literary Referral Online. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 15 November 2012 This is an analytic take a look at Alexandre Dumas’ significant and vengeance filled story The Count of Monte Cristo. The author argues that Dumas uses the count as a romantic hero who not just gets his ravage on his buddy that put him in jail, but also on the injustices done by the judicial system during that time. This summary was discovered at Flower’s Literary Reference online.