Principle of Prometheus Within Frankenstein
The concept of “Prometheus” within Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein” Index Intro– 3 Greek Promethean misconception– 4 The Modern Prometheus– 5 Conclusion– 7 Bibliography– 8 Introduction In this short work, it will be made a description about what is the Greek Promethean misconception and the message behind this myth. It will likewise be made a comparison between this message and the subjacent theme of the “Modern Prometheus” in Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein”.
Taking a look at the main character of Mary Shelley’s novel, it will also be essential to explain in what method, and according to the Greek Promethean misconception, Victor Frankenstein is the “Modern Prometheus” as referred in the title of the book. Greek Promethean misconception The Promethean misconception first appeared in the late 8th-century BC Greek impressive poet Hesiod’s Theogony. He was a child of the Titan Iapetus, one of the Oceanids (keepers of the water). In Greek folklore, Prometheus is a Titan whose name suggested “forethought”, and indeed, he was said to have the capability to look into the future.
Prometheus was the creator of mankind. The goddess Athene taught him architecture, astronomy, mathematics, navigation, medicine, and metallurgy, and he in turn taught them to human beings. Zeus, the chief of the Greek gods, blew up at Prometheus for making individuals powerful by teaching them all these useful abilities. He is the more youthful bro of Atlas, who was banished to Tartarus throughout the Titanomachy. Prometheus, however, agreed the gods in the war, having predicted their victory. Helios and Epimetheus also selected to flaw.
In doing so, Prometheus also tried to convince his brother Atlas and their father Iapetus to side with the Olympians, however both of them ignored his attempts. After the Great War, Prometheus fashioned man from clay and helped them, even to the point of seriously outraging Zeus and, when the gods chose Prometheus as arbiter in a disagreement, he fooled the gullible Zeus into choosing the worst parts of the sacrificial bull by concealing them under a rich layer of fat. To penalize Prometheus, Zeus withheld fire from males. “Let them eat their flesh raw,” he declared.
In reaction, Prometheus, snuck as much as Mount Olympus, lit a torch from the sun, and concealed a burning piece of charcoal in a hollow stalk. He slipped away with it and thus delivered fire to humanity. As penalty nevertheless, Zeus then chained him to a mountain for an Eagle to peck out his liver just to have it restored through the night. Heracles ultimately eliminated the eagle and freed Prometheus, which Zeus allowed as he deemed Prometheus’ suffering sufficient. Modern Prometheus The Modern Prometheus is Mary Shelley’s unique subtitle (though some modern-day publishings of the work now drop the subtitle, discussing it only in an introduction).
The term “Modern Prometheus” was in fact coined by Immanuel Kant, describing Benjamin Franklin and his explores electrical power (this involving the method the creature was brought to life). As discussed in the past, Prometheus was the Titan who developed humanity, a job offered to him by Zeus. He was to develop a being with clay and water in the image of the gods. Prometheus taught male to hunt, read, and heal their ill, but after he deceived Zeus into accepting poor-quality offerings from humans, Zeus kept fire from humanity. Prometheus took back the fire from Zeus to offer to male.
When Zeus discovered this, he sentenced Prometheus to be eternally penalized by fixing him to a rock where every day an eagle would peck out his liver, just for the liver to grow back the next day due to the fact that of his immortality as a god. He was intended to suffer alone for all of eternity, however eventually Heracles (Hercules) released him. The way Prometheus makes male from clay and water is a pertinent theme to Frankenstein, as Victor rebels versus the laws of nature (how life is naturally made) and as a result is penalized by his development.
The Titan in the Greek folklore of Prometheus parallels Victor Frankenstein. Victor’s work by creating man by new ways shows the very same innovative work of the Titan in developing human beings. According to the original myth, fire was the something that male was not expected to have because it belonged solely to the Gods, so when Prometheus stole fire for guy, it implied that guy was trespassing on immortal area and guy suffered because of Prometheus’s gift. While Prometheus had his liver eaten every day, Victor didn’t have an organ ripped strongly from his lower upper body.
However he did suffer a comparable type of prolonged abuse: all his enjoyed ones being singled out and killed. He was not penalized for taking fire, but he was penalized for trespassing on immortal territory by playing God. Likewise, fire is associated with goodness and knowledge. Fire is symbolic of human progress along with the dangers of human innovation, or perhaps the threats of nature as opposed to human beings, and Victor’s creature is paralleled to fire in the Greek Myth: the animal could be good or bad, depending on just how much care you take in approaching it. And in Victor’s case, that would be no care at all.
While fire is great and beneficial, bringing warmth and the capability to prepare, it can likewise be a weapon, a massively damaging force, if not correctly managed. The beast is the very same. He had a lot capacity for great. He desired to be good, gentle, kind, and caring, however at every turn he was rejected. Because of this he became a devastating force set on the destroy of his maker. Victor Frankenstein is plagued by his production. He is hunted, haunted, and tormented. The rest of his life becomes a game, a chase between creator and created. Similar to Prometheus, Frankenstein suffers significantly for the good he attempted to do. However, there are differences.
Fire is an unthinking, unfeeling thing. It need not be taught. It does not need love. Fire did not require anything from Prometheus. The monster, on the other hand, was a being of fantastic depth and sensation. He was capable of growth and great, however his master neglected and deserted him. Frankenstein must not have abandoned the important things he developed. He ought to have faced what he had actually done and offered it a chance at a better life. There is likewise an other analysis for this, maybe a more plain one. In more current sci-fi, the Promethean myth is applied in the list below method: humanity gets innovation that is beyond their understanding.
For instance, in the TV program “Stargate”, the first human interstellar ship is called “Prometheus” and it is develop with the assistance of an alien race. This principle can likewise be applied to the work of Mary Shelley, describing that men do require time and study to comprehend things as they truly are. The creature was not bad. It was made bad by guys surrounding it. So, it can be said that both Prometheus and Frankenstein successfully developed human life and faced results not in line with their expectations. In an effort to assist their creations, both Prometheus and Victor Frankenstein caused more damage and disorder.
This eventually led to the harm of both, either through death or eternal torture. Conclusion As we might see, there are lots of similarities in between the stories of Prometheus and Victor Frankenstein. Both attempted to do “bend” the rules, in order to accomplish something they thought would be advantageous. But in the end, they both caused more damage than excellent. Bibliography Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus. Ed. Susan J. Wolfson. New York City: Pearson Longman, 2007 Graves, Robert, The Greek Myths, Moyer Bell Ltd., 1955. Mellor, Anne K.
Mary Shelley: Her Life, her Fiction, Her Monsters. London: Routledge, 1990 Why is Frankenstein subtitled The Modern Prometheus?, available in http://www. angelfire. com/anime5/frank/ Prometheus. html Frankenstein as Prometheus, offered in http://cmaree. hubpages. com/hub/Frankenstein-as-Prometheus Analysis on Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, readily available in http://www. articlemyriad. com/analysis-frankenstein-mary-shelley Who was Prometheus?, offered in http://www. enotes. com/frankenstein/q-and-a/ frankenstein-who-was-prometheus-262555