Contrast of Things Fall Apart, The Transformation and A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings
What defines reasonable and irrational thought and habits varies across cultures and generations. All of it depends on one’s viewpoint; however, a commonly accepted meaning of unreasonable behavior seems to be habits that does not have sound judgment. Things Break Down by Chinua Achebe, “The Metamorphosis” by Franz Kafka, and “An Older Man with Massive Wings” by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, support this concept by revealing us some illustrations of characters who think and act irrationally. Okonkwo, the main character of Things Break down, displays numerous indications of human irrationality.
His biggest defect is that he is horrified of looking weak, like his daddy. This irrational and extreme fear of being connected with his father triggers him to believe and do precisely the reverse of what his father did. He lets his fear control everything that he does. It is tough to comprehend how a person can grow and endure when he lives continuously under irrational worry. His efforts to be unlike his father cause him unhappiness and constant frustration. Okonkwo’s irrationality drives him to violence and blowing, to oppose anything that he views as weak, soft, and unmanly, like his dad.
He displays no feeling, even toward his family. He loves his child, Enzinma, and Ikemefuna, a kid who is positioned by the clan in his home, but he never reveals any open love toward them. Other characters in the story let their barriers down occasionally and let their emotions be seen easily, however not Okonkwo. Attempting to keep back his emotion his entire life is an irrational behavior. Among the biggest displays of his irrationality is his murder of Ikemefuna, a young boy to whom he grows attached, so that he would not be viewed as weak. Okonkwo drew his machete and cut him down. He was afraid of being believed weak.” (Davis, page 1448). It is rather illogical for a human being to think that his manliness will be jeopardized if he reveals any emotion towards people about whom he cares. After all, Okonkwo appears to care for the boy and they have a relationship. The fear of being viewed as weak is understandable, yet murder seems rather extreme. He could pick to let others commit the crime. The requirement he needs to be present at Ikemefuna’s execution is evidence of his impracticality.
Okonkwo’s treatment towards his son, Nwoye, is also troubling. The fear of failure makes Okonkwo a perfectionist. He wants his boy to be successful like him, but he feels that Nwoye is becoming like his weak and lazy grandfather. This is why Okonkwo continually beats him, intending to correct the faults that he thinks of. During the time at which the story occurred, this habits was considered regular, today we would see it as unreasonable. We now understand that physical punishment brings just animosity towards the punisher.
Furthermore, it is not logical– albeit typical– to anticipate perfection of any human being. The clan’s beliefs are likewise unreasonable. They think that it is normal to discard newborn twins in the forest, due to the fact that they are viewed as evil. Nevertheless, now we see such habits as wrong and even prohibited. Knowledge plays a crucial function in today’s world. Individuals do not believe that siblings are evil even if they are twins. Unreasonable behavior can also be seen in “The Transformation” and “A Very Old Guy with Huge Wings”.
Kafka and Marquez respectively show us in their works that human being’s ridicule toward something uncommon or unknown is really dominant. The reality that ridicule can be so overwhelming can be viewed as irrational. These authors also show similar responses of their characters towards irregular things. Their response is to conceal or get rid of them. In “The Metamorphosis”, the very first irrational thing that the family does after Gregor, the main character, develops into a bug, is to accept his condition, without even having a doubt, and to hide this reality from outsiders.
They never look for any assistance for him. Gregor and his parents, even long before his improvement, have an extremely uncommon connection. Their relationship is basically based on shared dependence: the parents require him to be their income producer, Gregor needs to feel useful. Their lack of affection and emotion towards each other is incomprehensible. Gregor’s reaction to his transformation is challenging to understand and can be viewed as unreasonable also. He generally adopts attributes of a bug and overlooks whatever that he called a human.
Even on the very first day after his metamorphosis, his consuming habits alter from human to animal. It appears like he is managed by his impulses, like an animal. His lack of thinking and wishing to reverse into a human is very irrational. Normal people want to get help when they think there is something wrong with them. Gregor appears to believe that turning into a bug is a typical thing and he requires not to stress over it. Gregor’s sis shows irrational behavior too. She becomes overly possessive of Gregor and figured out to be his sole care taker.
She feels that she is the professional on what is best for him, just because she has been doing what she thinks he desires since the day he turned into a bug. This belief is illogical considering she never interacts with him after his transformation. The daddy’s treatment of Gregor, since the very first day of his change, has been illogical. He treats him as an opponent and not as his kid. He sees the bug as a weird animal that requires to be gotten rid of, despite the fact that the bug never ever threatens him and wants all still his kid.
The impracticality of the human psyche and human habits is also depicted by Marquez in his work “A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings”. The truth that no characters in the story, other than maybe Dad Gonzaga, ever question the notion that the next-door neighbor lady, “who understands everything about life and death”, has about the old guy being an angel is unreasonable. Just because the old guy has huge wings, people generally categorized him as an angel. Not one character in the story looks for out what or who he truly is. People who concern see this old male, treat him without any regard at all.
This is an unreasonable thing, considering they think he is an angel. Individuals see him as a tourist attraction and regard him as a thing or an animal, not as an angel or perhaps a human. Even Father Gonzaga, a priest who concerns see him, acts unreasonably. When Father Gonzaga feels that this old guy does not fit in his “angel” classification, he puts him in a brand-new category, “devil” classification. Pelayo and Elisenda, the people whose land the old guy arrived on, even exploit him to earn money and to prosper. Their behavior is illogical since they don’t consider the consequences of their action.
If they did believe the old guy is an angel, they would not treat him as an animal. They would be too afraid to do that. After another irregular destination, the girl who changed into a spider, comes and as no one concerns see the angel anymore and as he grows weaker, Pelayo and Elisenda begin to see the old man as an annoyance in their life. They can not wait to dispose of him. The absence of appreciation that the couple shows toward the angel is incomprehensible. Elisenda even appears relieved enjoying the old man lastly fly away, “due to the fact that then he was no longer an annoyance in her life”. Davis, page 1869). Literature, throughout the years, has actually been an insightful medium for writers to evaluate and criticize human nature. Here is a best example of literature mirroring, in a creative along with hesitant manner, patterns of habits in world history. In all three stories, fear and contempt of the unidentified are the main reason the characters believe and act illogically. This fear and disdain turn each of the characters into harsh human beings who are seen devoting inhumane and unreasonable acts toward others.