1984, a novel by English writer George Orwell, was a cautionary tale about the dangers of a totalitarian society. Class distinctions are among the worst dangers that were talked about in the novel. It was portrayed as a way for Huge Brother to preserve his rule over Oceania. The different social classes in Oceania viewed each other as competitors for economic, political and social supremacy. While doing so, the possibility of a political disobedience in Oceania is stopped.
Oceania is composed of 3 social classes: the Inner Celebration (about 1% of the population), the Outer Celebration (about 18% of the population) and the Proles (about 81% of the population).
The particular way of lives of these sectors were identified with inequality– the Inner Celebration took pleasure in more benefits than the Outer Party, although they both comprised the Party of Oceania. Members of the Inner Celebration were accorded crucial federal government positions, had bigger incomes and resided in elegant homes. In sharp contrast, members of the Outer Party resided in shabby flats.
They likewise needed to dedicate even their extra time to Party activities such as community hikes and games or risk being thought as a “traitor” (K-1. com, n. pag. ). The proles are the foundation of Oceania– they are used in industry and on farms. However, the Party accepts them as members of society just because of their capacity to produce. As an outcome, the proles live in extreme penury. They live in districts where there are fewer telescreens and policemen– they don’t have any contact with the state as long as they did not devote any misdeed.
Subsequently, proles can enjoy restricted things such as prostitution, old books, old furnishings and alcohol. The Celebration, on the other hand, does not pay much attention to what they do– the former relates to proles as too ignorant and messy to impersonate a major risk to their guideline (K-1. com, n. pag. ). Considered that the ideology of the Celebration is Ingsoc (English Socialist Motion), it is paradoxical that inequality is very rampant amongst the citizens of Oceania.
The novel provided a description to this phenomenon through the fictional book The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism. The latter believed to be written by a certain Emmanuel Goldstein, the leader of the dissident group the Brotherhood. However it turned out that the Thought Authorities produced the book in order to trap Winston Smith (SparkNotes, n. pag. ). The book’s very first chapter, Lack of knowledge is Strength, argued that human societies are traditionally divided into 3 classes: the High, the Middle and the Low.
The goal of the High is to support its supremacy over society. The goal of the Middle, on the other hand, is to achieve the status of the High. When it comes to the Low, it is too hectic trying to find a way out of hardship to be concerned with matters that do not straight affect it. As an outcome, struggles throughout history share the very same pattern. The Middle overthrows the High with the help of the Low in the name of justice and liberty. Once the Middle ends up being the High, it thrusts the Low back to its initial marginalized position.
A new Middle group will then emerge to repeat the cycle. The second chapter, Freedom is Slavery, was discussed to Winston by O’Brien. According to O’Brien, the goal of obtaining liberty is ineffective due to the inevitability of death. Thus, when “Flexibility is Slavery” is reversed to “Slavery is Flexibility,” it is implied that total submission to the Party will give an individual liberty in the kind of experiencing the Party’s immortality and omnipotence.
The 3rd chapter, entitled War is Peace, initially recognized the 3 superstates of the world: Oceania (the United States and the British Empire), Eurasia (Russia and Europe) and Eastasia (China, Japan and Korea). The chapter went on to argue that these superstates waged war with one another for economic reasons– they wished to gain unrestricted access to the natural deposits of foreign lands and to find new markets in which they might discard their surplus items. In addition, war in itself is currently a possible service to an economic downturn.
An increase in the variety of jobs in the defence sector due to war will increase economic activity by increasing the earnings of customers (NewspeakDictionary. com, n. pag. ). Big Brother stayed in power in Oceania through class distinctions. Class differences kept the people divided and fighting amongst themselves. As a result, Big Sibling was able to manipulate them into serving his interests. The longer the people remained divided, the longer they stayed enslaved.