Clash of Dreams in A Raisin in the Sun
In Lorraine Hansberry’s, “A Raisin in the Sun,” there is a mission amongst characters for the American Dream. The play’s setting plays an essential role in the differing dreams of Walter, Ruth, Beneatha, and Mama; the social, financial, and political environment of the 1950’s was a fascinating time for African Americans. The, “much better life,” that each of the relative is looking for is extremely various, but the motivation behind their search is very similar. They all care about each other and desire what’s best for the family. None of their dreams are selfish, although some can be viewed as more legitimate and pragmatic than others.
After examining A Raisin in the Sun, it becomes apparent that even though Walter indicates well for his family, his idea of the American Dream is initially too shallow to come to fruition. It isn’t up until the last act of the play that Walter recognizes what his concerns ought to have been. The rest of the household supports him throughout the play despite the fact that they have contrasting dreams. Ruth, Beneatha, and Mother all support Walter although it prevents the possibility of their own dreams coming true, that makes this play about family so significant.
At the start of the play, Walter can be seen as being materialistic. At one time, Walter might have seen the American Dream as the story of a guy who begins with absolutely nothing rising on the planet through effort and perseverance. This develops into Walter idolizing money and wishing to prosper as rapidly as possible. Walter is jealous of Charlie Atkins and his dry cleaning company. He is disappointed that he missed an opportunity to go into organisation with Charlie and now the dry cleansing organisation is earning over $100,000 a year.
Ruth comments on Charlie’s doubtful character, but Walter is entirely focused on the cash that his service is bringing in. When Mother asks Walter why he cares so much about money, he reacts by stating that money is life. Mother responds by saying, “Oh-so now it’s life. Money is life. When upon a time freedom usage to be life-now it’s cash. I guess the world actually do change,” (Hansberry, 74). Walter states that is has constantly had to do with money, they simply hadn’t understood it. Mama plainly disagrees with Walter about what ought to be necessary.
She doesn’t believe that a liquor shop is a morally best way to earn money. Walter neglects her viewpoint since to him, becoming wealthy is the only thing that matters. Mom senses, together with the other members of the family, that Walter is going down an unsafe path that could result in major problems for the family. This danger ends up being specifically clear when he is talking to George about George’s dad in the 2nd act. When discussing his plans, Walter states, “Listen, man, I got some plans that could turn this city upside down.
I mean believe like he does. Big. Invest big, gamble big, hell, lose big if you need to, you know what I suggest,” (84 ). It’s these strategies that cause Walter making a substantial gamble on an alcohol store– and he absolutely loses huge as does the rest of his household. Throughout the play, Walter’s household still supports him. When talking with Mom, Ruth supports Walter’s liquor shop endeavor. She states, “Walter Lee state colored individuals ain’t never going to start getting ahead till they begin betting on some various kinds of things in the world-investments and things …
He requires this opportunity Lena,” (42 ). Walter doesn’t recognize how much Ruth supports him. He grumbles that a man requires his other half to back him up and be there for him. Part of the reason why he is still supported is because in the end, his dream isn’t selfish. He wants money, however he desires cash so he can put pearls around his partner’s neck and so that his son does not need to sleep in the living-room. When his liquor shop endeavor stops working, he has possibly ruined the imagine the rest of the members of his family.
These members have actually had imagine their own which might be viewed as much more practical and ethically just. Ruth is pregnant, but she is thinking of getting an abortion due to the family’s existing living scenario. Mom says to Walter, “When the world gets ugly enough-a female will do anything for her family,” (75 ). Walter is stunned to hear this, but yet he is still focused on his dream. Beneatha asks Ruth where the child could possibly live, even jokingly asking if the infant will reside on the roofing. When Ruth learns that the family is able to move, she is thrilled.
She applauds God that she not just has a home, but a home. Ruth’s imagine having a home to raise a family is clearly a nobler objective than Walter’s liquor shop venture, however Ruth is the one who is supportive of Walter’s dreams. She is constantly there for Walter, through good times and hard times. She listens to him, even if he does not state anything new. Mother lets Walter know this, however he does not listen. Mom says, “Ruth’s a good patient girl in her way-but you getting to be? too much. Boy, do not make the error of driving that woman far from you” (72 ).
Similar to Ruth, Beneatha has hopes and dreams that can be considered as more pragmatic. Walter slams her imagine ending up being a doctor, saying that she ought to either become a nurse, or she needs to simply get married and be peaceful. This is ironic since Walter talks about his goals, which are much less noble, more than Beneatha. Beneatha wants to have the ability to cure individuals, but part of the reason why Beneatha wants to be a medical professional is so that she can maintain her independence as a strong African American woman. It is because of this reason that she might never ever see herself with George.
Ruth doesn’t comprehend what might be wrong with him; she doesn’t comprehend how he is shallow or, if she does, she does not comprehend why that need to be an issue for Beneatha. At the end of the day, Walter takes the money that Beneatha could have used for medical school and bets it away, thus postponing her dream. Mama dreams of having a proud, dignified family that is not embarrassed of their past. She is ashamed of the way her family is falling apart due to Walter’s actions.
She says, “Son-you-you comprehend what I done, don’t you? I– I just seen my household falling apart today … ust falling to pieces in front of my eyes … We could not of gone on like we was today. We was reversing ‘stead of forwards- talking ’bout killing children and wishing each other was dead … When it gets like that in life-you just got to do something different, push on out and do something bigger,” (94 ). The primary frustration for Beneatha and Ruth is that Walter plans to take the money from Mr. Lindner. They seem like Walter’s morally incorrect priorities have formally been strengthened. They are happy to find that this is not the case.
Initially, even though it is degrading, Walter isn’t concerned with accepting the cash since his primary objective is to recuperate what he lost. He is challenged when he is required to carry out the business deal in front of his boy. He has a sudden realization that his relative have actually been trying to convey to him throughout the whole play. He reevaluates his understanding of the American Dream to a dream that has a basis in equality, not cash. Although it would have been useful for Walter to understand this earlier in the play, he still has the ability to make the right choice and the household moves, Mama taking her plant with her.