Atlas Shrugged Summary and Analysis of Part III, Chapters VII and VIII

Summary

In “This is John Galt Speaking”, Chapter VII of the third part of the novel, Hank Rearden, perhaps triggered by the panic of his household and by the riot at his mills, retires from Rearden Steel. Since Hank ran the only trusted manufacturer of commercial metal in the nation, when he leaves the nation worries. There are riots and violence, and raiders roam the country causing havoc. Individuals aren’t safe, market and business is paralyzed, and there is little hope for the future. Dagny is outlined Hank’s defection by her bro, which Hank has left without deeds to home or the cash in his bank accounts. He has actually taken the contents of his safe, which Dagny does not know includes the bar of gold which was provided to him by Ragnar Danneskjold. Dagny has actually exulted that Hank has actually converted to the strikers and he is now beyond the reach of the looters. A week after his disappearance she receives a brief note from him postmarked in Colorado: “I have actually met him. I do not blame you. H.R.” She knows that he has reached the secret valley.

Dagny hasn’t seen John because their one night together, and she doesn’t even understand if he is still working for Taggart Transcontinental. Knowing that he might be working just floors listed below her is maddening, but she is not going to break their pact by attempting to see him.

With the world in complete crisis, the media outlets scream that on November 22nd an important radio address will originate from New york city by the head of State, Mr. Thompson. Jim informs Dagny that she is needed to be at the address at the broadcasting studio, and Dagny, fearing the worst, decides to bring Eddie Willers along with her. When the president will make his address, he is informed that “all radio stations went off the air at seven-fifty one” (1008 ). Somebody has hijacked the airwaves of the United States. On the dot of 8:00 John Galt comes on the air, telling the world that Mr. Thompson’s time is up and he, John Galt, will speak with the nation on the national crisis.

John’s speech goes on for sixty pages, with him ending with his motto “I swear– by my life and my love of it– that I will never ever live my life for the sake of another, nor ask another male to live for mine” (1069 ). The content of his speech is this; that there is unbiased reality, that male does live by his mind, and that humanity and its desires are excellent. “Every period [of history] ruled by mystics was a duration of stagnation and want” (1051) and it is time that the world is ruled by the logical conclusions of human minds. John information the work he, Francisco, and the others have actually done to stop the motor of the world, the motion which he calls “the strike”. When he and the others viewed that the policies of government and the ideas of culture were approaching a relativistic mysticism the only way to eliminate this decrease was to get rid of the products of their minds from society to demonstrate how society can not work without it. Their strike has succeeded, and the country is lowered to a state of hardship that would have been unthinkable a couple of years back. Galt likewise reminds the people that a federal government that obliges its citizens by the muzzle of a weapon is not legitimate or simply.

An essential tenet of John’s speech is atheism. He turns down any kind of religious beliefs, which the world was created by any being. He also explains that humans have the capacity of rationalism, however they are not always rational by nature. It is an option to be logical, and, through logical thought and action to become happy and just. But the supremacy of humanity’s choice is essential; no greater being has actually commanded it or anything, and every human being need to make the choice for him – or herself. This makes humanity’s life and choices, and its greatest power, logical idea, the most essential worth in the universe.

Self interest, or the “virtue of selfishness,” is the only principle which can efficiently encourage individuals, Galt states. Having lived through the devastating policies of being each others’ keepers, the people of America are ready to hear this specific message. They no longer wish to be told that it is virtuous to starve when other humans take the fruits of their labor. The populist power of Galt’s name, too, from the expression “Who is John Galt” assists win listeners over to him. Galt tells the people that there must be no contradiction between logical human desires and capability to achieve them justly. No longer do people have to overturn their own affordable desires in order to adhere to some relativistic principle.

Chapter VIII has Mr. Thompson compromising rather after his bluster against John Galt’s hijacking of his radio broadcast. Initially he couldn’t believe that the long address in fact took place, for rejecting truth is his specialized. However he is shrewd enough to know that Galt has recorded the minds of a minimum of part of the population. He wishes to make a deal with Galt to work for the federal government.

Eddie hesitates that Dagny will give up, but she can not wait the brief time it will take the looter government to fall and for Cuffy Meigs to cannibalize the last properties of the train. She says to herself, as she strolls through the tunnels of the Taggart Terminal “this is my railroad.” She, Nat Taggart’s beneficiary, is still unable to give up her fight. She resolves to remain.

Dagny now knows where John lives, but she is afraid of the raiders and Floyd Ferris’s thugs following her. There is now a nationwide manhunt and a benefit offered for John Galt. She goes to his house to caution him, however the government spies follow her. Galt tells her she must imitate she is combating him or they will apprehend her, too. She plays along, as John tells her, and later on she gets a five thousand dollar check from Mr. Thompson as benefit for kipping down John Galt.

They take Galt and attempt to make him run the economics of the United States. When the federal government attempts to communicate this to individuals by means of televising John Galt accepting economic authority, he reveals the American people that he is being obliged to do so at the point of a weapon. The nation has actually dissolved into civil war in numerous areas of the nation, and there is little hope of subduing the unrest.

Analysis

Hank’s note suggests that he has actually met John Galt, which he understands why Dagny has picked John over him. Hank had a long way to come to the values that John and Francisco hold, and fulfilling the male who had actually stimulated them in so many individuals, and carried out such a daring and successful plan in accordance with those worths, has actually humbled him.

The innocuous and unobtrusive Mr. Thompson, whose first name is never exposed, is an example of the faceless evil of the authoritarian state. Given that there are no moral truths held by the looter government, there is no reason for authorities not to duck responsibility or to fob off blame. Mr. Thompson is the embodiment of this incompetence and evil, and he influences no self-confidence in his people with his upcoming radio address. Mr. Thompson will prove later on to comprehend really little about how to run a country, and will make a severe mistake in regard to John Galt.

John’s manifesto of objectivism, for that is what it is, describes some of the more philosophical foundations of the striker’s factors for their beliefs. Among the most essential of these is the “primacy of existence” (Smith 198), or Rand’s first concept of ontology. This part of Rand’s viewpoint treats with the indisputability of the presence of the external world. Unlike Rene Descartes, who started with his own awareness as the first concept, Rand starts with the world and pursues the awareness. If consciousness is something that exists in an unbiased truth, it makes good sense to Rand that unbiased truth should exist in order for the awareness to perceive it.

This sort of ontological hair-splitting may appear odd in political or social viewpoint, however the very first principles of any philosophy identify all its subsequent claims. If the unbiased reality that Rand describes does exist, it is the only thing that the logical mind can prove exists at all– no God, no spirituality, no gotten set of values can participate in reality due to the fact that it can not be proved empirically. And considering that this is the case all worths should stem from the two things that can be proved to exist– human beings and the external world. And considering that male only has reality and his life as things that are genuine and knowable, it stands to factor, for Rand, that those should be his chief values. From this point Rand develops her philosophy of self-interest as the cornerstone of human joy.

The speech is a special surprise to Dagny, and she, Robert Stadler, and Eddie Willers each recognize the voice as a various individual they have understood. Robert Stadler remembers his reward physics student from university, whom he believed probably dead; Eddie recognizes his strange railway-worker friend from the cafeteria, and Dagny knows him as John Galt, the producer of the strike and her enthusiast. In the moment Robert Stadler hears John’s voice he knows he picked the wrong side when he decided to include his lot with the looter federal government. It seems an inescapable conclusion now that the strikers will win.

Dagny’s guts is reaching a snapping point when she receives the note from Francisco informing her to hang on. She requires assistance at a time like this, when John is being held and she understands that she is the one who has actually brought him into custody. When John exposes the looters’ obsession of him on nationwide television, nevertheless, she now understands that this will enter into John’s plan to win the American public to the strikers’ point of view. This powerful image of John Galt, the guy the American public believes might be their hero, being held at gunpoint transforms more individuals than hours of speeches could.

This div height required for enabling the sticky sidebar