As individuals are burdened with their social and financial situations, they tend to think that the federal government has no interest in reacting to their genuine grievances. Sooner or later, the only way to remedy their complaints is to revolt. The allegory Animal Farm, by George Owell is a great example of the rebellion between the animals and humans.
The events in Animal Farm represent the Russian Revolution of the1900s to 1950s. Although many people were associated with the Russian Revolution, there were five important guys consisting of Joseph Stalin, who was illustrated as Napoleon in Animal Farm.
The Russian Revolution was one of the most important revolutions; it was a revolution versus financial injustice. The Russian Revolution was all started by the concept of the historian and revolutionary, Karl Marx. He was the most prominent political theorist of the 19th century (“The History Guide”, par. 1). Marx composed The Communist Manifesto, it was published in 1848 (“The History Guide”, par. 6). His idea of communism discussed that each private person would work to endorse the nation and not simply for self gain. Marx was the one that inspired Russian radicals who opposed tsarist guideline (Strickler 61).
Through out his life, people did not acknowledge his social, financial and political concepts up until his death in 1884(“The History Guide”, par. 1). The Russian history started badly after the death of Czar Alexander III in 1894. Nicholas II was then became the brand-new czar. He was not prepared to rule; he was afraid of what’s going to occur to him and Russia (Strickler 70). Nicholas II was not mindful in sharing his power, but individuals were calling this to take place when he came in throne. In addition, he was physically weak, ridiculous, and he was a horrendous judge of people (“Background of”, par 5).
During his first ten years of Nicholas II’s ruling; peasants objected their hardship, factory workers struck versus the ruthless working conditions, and individuals required a better government (Strickler 70). At the same time, Russia remained in a war with Japan, for control over Korea and Manchuria in northern China. In February 1904, the Japanese beat the Russians. By the end of 1904 people realized without a doubt, they were going to lose the war. After the defeats by Japan, things changed. “Individuals could no long endure their desperate living conditions” (Strickler 71).
In January 1905, thousands of Russians marched in St. Petersburg to deliver a petition. “They called for an eight-hour workday and for an increase in wages” (Strickler 71). As the broad crowd put together, the federal government surprised. They sent out countless troops around the city. On Sunday, January 22, 1905, the troops and the protesters met; their meeting soon ended up being damaging. As outcome, countless people passed away in what became called “Bloody Sunday”. Strikes continued to occur; it was all over the nation. Workers were on strikes, railways were immobilized, and universities were taken down (Strickler 71).
In action to the demonstrations; Nicholas concurred and published the “October Manifesto”. It approved flexibility of conscience, speech, association, and assure individuals would not be send to prison without trial (“Tsar Nicholas II”, par. 16). Nicholas II and his federal government prevented a revolution by producing a Duma. Although the transformation was prevented, but individuals still drive for radical changes (“Russo-Japanese”, par. 4). In 1914, World War I broke out in Europe. The Russians was unprepared; they were done not have of management, food supplies, and weapons (Strickler 77). As a growing number of Russians got eliminated, supports for the war disappeared.
Things were worsening; transport system was bound and there was inadequate food for the population. As result price went high up (Strickler 78). By March 15, 1917 Czar Nicholas II dealt with extensive oppositions, revolts, and doing not have military assistances (Strickler 79). Therefore, Nicholas II was relinquished. After Nicholas II abandoned, Russia was ruled by a momentary federal government led by Aleksandr Kerensky (Strickler 80). Regrettably, he was overthrown on November 7, 1917 by a political group called Bolsheviks (Strickler 79). The leader of the Bolsheviks was Vladimir Lenin.
He followed Marx’s concepts of communism. Lenin quickly solved the issues facing Russia. Within just a year, the brand-new government ended the World War I. Lands were returned to peasants and workers had the power to run their factories (Strickler 80). Later on, the Bolsheviks ended up being known as the Reds. Their rivals were the Whites, a variety of groups by their opposition to the Bolsheviks (Strickler 80). France, United States, and Great Britain were afraid of the spread of communism, so they supported the Whites. To assist topple the Bolsheviks, Japan and United States sent troops to get into Russia from the east.
In spite of these foreign troops, the Reds won the war (Strickler, 81). In 1922, Russia and their neighbors formed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, also called the Soviet Union (Strickler, 81). After Lenin’s death in 1924, there was a power struggle in between Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky. Stalin wanted to continue developing the power of the Communist Party through out the nation for the next twenty years. On the other hand, Trotsky wanted to develop weapons to withstand the West due to the fact that they were trying to damage Communism (“The Death of Lenin”, par. ). In august 1917, Trotsky was the member of the Central Committee of the Bolshevik, which had Lenin as a quixotic leader. Trotsky ended up being 2nd in command after Lenin (“Trotsky”, par1). He was designated Individuals’s Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs in 1918(“Trotsky”, par2). Trotsky likewise handled the founding of the Red Army (“Trotsky”, par1). Regrettably, after the death of Lenin, Joseph Stalin dominated and Trotsky was exiled to Mexico (Trueman, par5-6). Under the power of Stalin, “Employees had little genuine power to control their workplaces.
The federal government did not permit civil liberties” (Strickler 81). Stalin continued his ruling up until his death in 1953 (Strickler 82). Through out the Russian revolutions, Marx’s concept affected lots of revolutionists to use his concepts of communism to lead a revolution that changed the history of Russia. The concept of communism did not work due to the fact that the society is not best. Everyone has his/her own way of living; they are different people. Joseph Stalin was one of the important functions in the Russian Revolution after the death of Lenin in 1924 (Strickler 81).
Stalin was the second leader of the Soviet Union (“Joseph Stalin”, par1). His real name was Joseph Vissarionovich Djugashvili. When he was young he was currently thinking about politics (Gibson, 15). From that minute, he was connected with the political underground in the Caucasus. He quickly followed Vladimir Lenin. Stalin’s experience made him helpful in the Bolshevik party (“Joseph Stalin”, par3). After Lenin’s death, Stalin had a terrific chance to take his claim to become the leader of Communist Celebration. Stalin’s effort to flex the nation to his conviction triggered enormous suffering.
Six million people die during the famine in the 1920s and 1930s. Many likewise passed away from difficult labor. He likewise carried out everybody that opposed him (Strickler 82). The ruling body of the Communist Party; Zinoviev and Kamenev signed up with force with Stalin versus Trotsky (Gibson 26). In 1926, Trotsky was expelled from the Politburo, the ruling body of the communist Celebration. With Trotsky gone, he no longer require of Kamenev and Zinoviev. In order to get rid of them, he allied himself with Bukharin, Rykov, and Tomsky (Gibson, 26). Little by little, all of his opponents were dead and Stalin had the power over Russia.
By 1930s eight million political opponents were jailed and 8 hundred was performed (Strickler 82). In total, Stalin was responsible for the death of forty million individuals within the borders of the Soviet Union (“Joseph Stalin”, par. 7). In 1928, Stalin introduced the very first Five Year Strategy; it was produced to make the USSR in the fastest time and, in the process, to speed up the collectivization of farms (Gibson, 28). The plan was put in action completely; it was intended to make USSR self-dependent. Stalin’s first 5 Year Plan was completed by 1933.
His second five year Plan (1933-1938) continued and broadened the first (Gibson 36). Stalin’s 3rd 5 year Plan was disrupted by the World War II. It was known as the bloodiest war in human history. Great Britain, France, and the United States joined Stalin to combat against Germany, Italy, and Japan. Through out the war, forty million individuals passed away. Of these, half were Soviet people (Strickler 82). Following The Second World War, Stalin continued his callous control over the Soviet Union up until his death on March 5, 1953(“Joseph Stalin”, par. 7).
Although he was an uncaring ruler, he did bring substantial economic progress to Russia during the 1920s and1930s. Throughout those years, the Soviet Union was ending up being a powerful, industrialize nation. The education, health, and equality for ladies were much better (Strickler 82). Stalin did a lot to help Russia however murdered millions and millions in pursuit of his dictatorship. “To his calloused heart, a single death is a disaster, a million deaths is a figure” (Nosoro 10). The pig– Napoleon in Animal Farm is a reflection of Joseph Stalin.
In the book, Owell described Napoleon as an autocrat. Napoleon enjoyed his high-end life with the other pigs by abusing the power that he’s offered to hypnotize the animals; he made them do all the works. The animals worked relentlessly on his windmill plan and they hardly get any food. While Napoleon stayed in his farm home and delighting in all the apples and milk alone (Owell 73, 85). Similar to Napoleon, Stalin had all the power to himself and living in a blissful live while the peasants suffered. Many individuals endured the bad working conditions and famine throughout Stalin’s 5 Year Plan (Gibson 53).
Both Napoleon and Stalin got their way frequently. After Lenin’s death, Stalin effectively exiled Trotsky to Mexico and had the power of Russia in his hand. Likewise, Napoleon managed to get Snowball out of farm and he ended up being the leader of Animal Farm (Orwell 68). Even after when Snowball was off the farm; Napoleon continued to blame on him when things on the farm went wrong. He blamed on Snowball when the wind knocked down the windmill that they constructed (Orwell 82). In Stalin’s situation, he stimulated Trotsky as a threat after he murdered him (Gibson, 30).
Although Napoleon and Stalin were smart, both were poor speakers. Since Napoleon was not a great speaker, he used Squealer as his mouth piece. Squealer is a great mouth pig. He understands how to twist and alter things around and makes it sound excellent. “”I rely on that every animal here values the sacrifice that comrade Napoleon has made in taking this additional labor upon himself. Do not picture, comrades, that leadership is pleasure! On the contrary, it is a deep and heavy obligation”, said Squealer” (Orwell 69). The function of it was to make Napoleon look great.
Undoubtedly, like Napoleon, Stalin also has his own resource. His resource was the propagandas; it’s documentaries and films that made him look like a hero and a father to the country. Although Owell described Napoleon based on Stalin, however there are a few differences between them. Before Stalin ends up being the dictator of Russia, he took numerous actions to get there. He allied with the Politburo (the ruling body Communist) to eliminate one and another (Gibson 23, 26). Unlike Napoleon; whose became the leader of the Animal Farm right after he ran Snowball off the farm.
In the Russian Transformation History, Stalin banished Trotsky and murdered him due to the fact that he was afraid that he might come back and toppled him (Gibson 23). It was never ever pointed out in the allegory that Stalin eliminated Snowball. Throughout the Russian Revolution and Animal Farm, both Napoleon and Stalin weren’t able to achieve the objective of communism or equality. George Orwell produced Napoleon under Stalin’s image, regardless of that fact that everybody is not precisely the same. George Orwell composed Animal Farm, simply to explain the connection in between the live of the animals on the farm and the Russian Transformation.
The allegory primarily target Joseph Stalin. Through out the Russian revolution, Stalin attempted to make Russia a much better country, however stopped working. He eliminated the concept of communism and ruled his country as a tyrant. If Stalin didn’t eliminate Trotsky, Trotsky might’ve been the leader of Russia. With Trotsky’s warm heart and intelligent Russia would’ve been better. Stalin may look excellent on the outdoors, however he really is hypocrite. Functions Cited “Background of the Russian Transformation.” Saskschools. ca. World War One and the Damage of the Old Order. 11 March 2011
Gibson, Micheal. Russia Under Stalin. England: Wayland, 1972 “Joseph Stalin.” Jewishvirtuallibrary. org. 11 March 2011 “Karl Marx and the Theory of Communism.” Saskschools. ca. World War One and the Damage of the Old Order. 12 March 2011 Nosotro, Rit. “Brutal ruler of communist Russia.” Hyperhistory. net 9 October 2010. 12 March 2011 Orwell, George. Animal Farm. New York City: Penguin Group, 1946 “Russo-Japanese War and the Revolution of 1905.” Saskschools. ca. World War One and the Damage of the Old Order. 12 March 2011 Strickler, James.
Russia of the Tsars. California: Luccent Books, 1998 “The Death of Lenin and the Issue of a Replacement.” Saskschools. ca. World War One and the Damage of the Old Order. 12 March 2011 Nguyen 8; http://www. saskschools. ca/curr _ content/history20/unit1/ sec6_11. html; “The History Guide: Karl Marx.” Historyguide. org 30 January 2008. 12 March 2011 “Trotsky.” Trotsky. net. 11 March 2011 Trueman, Chris. “Leon Trotsky.” Historylearningsite. co. uk. 12 March 2011 “Tsar Nicholas II: Biography.” Spartacus. schoolnet. co. uk. 11 March 2011