Animal Farm- Napoleon and Stalin
Yhamen Krayem Teacher Scott Morley phD 15 May 2013 Joseph Stalin and Animal Farm Towards the climax of the novel, readers witness Napoleon rising to power on Animal Farm. What readers may not realize is the similarity of this character’s qualities and those of Joseph Stalin during the Russian Revolution. These similarities and how writer George Orwell expresses them will be discussed in this paper. Animal Farm is an allegory using the character Napoleon to represent Joseph Stalin. To start, both figures shared the exact same historical background and increased to power in a parallel way.
Birth and Bring up From birth they carried the same memories from being a ‘peasant-class’ which indicated for poverty and hunger for both celebrations. Under the totalitarian figures such as Czar Nicholas II of Russia and Mr. Jones of Manor farm, Stalin and Napoleon went through weeks of hunger, inapt support and were entirely overlooked by these big-headed figures (Britannica, 2013). This was made evident on page 7 of the unique when Mr. Jones had not ‘bothered to feed the animals’ Napoleon inclusive.
Nevertheless, they both increased from this situation through managing their roles as politicians, regardless of how unimportant they seemed to be. For instance, throughout their roles as General Secretary and Right-hand guy (or pig), they both found their method to get allies and supporters, be it other secretaries and even ‘9 sturdy pups’ [P. 17] as both proven valuable for their increase to power (Britannica, 2013). As time went on, their defeat of other leaders and twists on realities to manage people made this connection of character history and characteristics very clear (Britannica, 2013).
Increase and Leadership: Trotsky and Snowball, were both destroyed by Stalin and Napoleon in order to enhance their own public images. In Stalin’s case, he had power over media and utilized this for propaganda and censorship in order for the people to concur with his pointless causes (Britannica, 2013). When it comes to Napoleon, using Squealer he made the ‘necessary descriptions’ [P. 14] to remain at the edge of the animals. These media cover-ups enabled Stalin and Napoleon to perform actions that sacrificed the masses in the cost of a certainly successful advancement.
While the resemblances are obvious, how Orwell picked to compose them opened up new doors to comprehending what these characters represent (source). Purpose and Significance There are 2 important character functions in the novel that explain Stalin’s mirrored character: his animal and his name. Both of which are functions that paint him in a negative method. First of all, the truth that Napoleon is a pig should suggest personality features connected with this animal symbol (Schmoop, 2008).
The combination of this energetic particular and the rest of his character serves as an allegory for readers to comprehend Stalin’s true image, even with his actions towards Russia’s advancement. Secondly, calling the character Napoleon refers to the French Revolutionist and Military officer, Napoleon Bonapart (http://www. sparknotes. com/lit/animalfarm/). By utilizing this sort of name readers are immediately reminded that Napoleon is a violent pig that just wants to broaden his empire.
With this and the examples above he is highlighting Napoleon in such a way to much easier comprehend the immorality of his character, or truly Stalin, as a whole. In the Unique Animal Farm, Joseph Stalin was mirrored through the character Napoleon, a pig that is the leader of Animal Farm after Mr Jones was toppled. Throughout his rule of the USSR, Stalin was extensively seen as a cruel leader who would remove anybody who got in his way, and countless individuals who declined to comply with him were carried out as an outcome (History. com, 1996).
Similar to Stalin, Napoleon used violence against his people to manage Animal Farm. One example of this can be seen when Napoleon trains the pups not for their own education, but so that they could protect him and kill anybody who stands in his way. Additionally, after Snowball was gone after off and banished from the farm, Napoleon had his canines kill “the traitors who had actually leagued themselves with Snowball” (p61). Another trait of Joseph Stalin that can be seen in Napoleon is Napoleon turning against his own allies for his own advantage.
Throughout the last years of Vladimir’s life, Joseph Stalin was a part of the three-man committee together with Grigori Zinoviev and Lev Kamenev. After Lenin’s death, Joseph Stalin challenged Leon Trotsky, in order for himself to rise to power (Trainee resources in context, 1998). Following this task Joseph Stalin then turned on his two partners from the three-man committee. In the Novel, Napoleon turned on Snowball, a pig Orwell utilized to represent Leon Trotsky, and eliminated him from the farm after an argument on whether a windmill ought to be constructed.