As a brand-new society unfolds, so do new worths and authority. In 1984, George Orwell provides a futuristic vision of the power of federal government along with its social conventions. Mainly, Orwell utilizes Winston Smith to exhibit the effects that government control can have on morality. Winston resides in Oceania where “The Celebration” exploits its total power by controlling individuals mentally and mentally. Nevertheless, this interrupts Winston who subsequently challenges The Celebration and is provoked into ending up being a rebel. He acknowledges that he is at the defining moment; subsequently, he marches blindly ahead in the hope of defeating The Party.
Nevertheless, Winton’s bold nature is quickly extinguished after he is captured and tormented for committing subversive acts. The as soon as rebellious Winston is then forever changed, as he ends up being a loyal topic of Big Bro. Winston’s difficulty of Oceania’s imposed values and beliefs shows humankind’s need and subsequent pursuit of freedom.
In Oceania, The Party is seen as the ultimate power; it enforces its authority and worry over its people with the use of technology.
From the street corners to Winston’s living-room, the telescreens are used to keep track of the thoughts and actions of its people. “It was even conceivable, that they watched everyone all the time. But at any rate they could plug in your wire whenever they wanted to. You had to live- did live, form routine that became impulse- in the assumption that every noise you made was overhead, and, other than in darkness, every motion scrutinised.” (Orwell 5). By not understanding which move is being watched or which words are being listened to, all personal privacy and flexibility of speech is gotten rid of from their daily lives. The telescreens are utilized as a source of control and power rather than interaction. They also show propaganda from the Ministry of Fact to support the Celebration’s actions and power.
The Party also utilizes the media as a tool for control. Posters, slogans, and advertisements show messages such as “BIG SIBLING IS WATCHING YOU” and “WAR IS PEACE; FLEXIBILITY IS SLAVERY; LACK OF KNOWLEDGE IS STRENGTH”. These slogans, in addition to presenting Big Brother as a symbolic figure, work together to finish the manipulation and control of its citizens. However, changing the history and memory of Oceania also enforces political control. History books opportunely show the Party’s ideology which forbids individuals from keeping mementos such as pictures and files from their past. As a result, the people have unclear memories of their past and voluntarily think whatever the Celebration informs them. “Who controls the past controls the future. Who manages the present controls the past” (Orwell 32). By managing the past, The Party makes sure that they manage the future, and through false history, the psychological self-reliance of people is managed. By taking people’s privacy, manipulating and manoeuvring their lives, and presenting modified history, the Party is able to exploit its power. Winston, a guy with a conscience and a sense of right and incorrect has no option; he should defend his beliefs.
Big Bro, a symbolic figure for power, agitates Winton’s morality. Although a member of the Party, he disagrees with the conventions of The Celebration. Initially, Winston demonstrates his defiance using a journal as a safe and secure place to keep his ideas. “DOWN WITH BIG BRO” (Orwell 20). Here, Winston expresses his feelings about the party. He knows that having or expressing ideas against Huge Bro is viewed as an idea crime in Oceania; nevertheless he also understands that he can not kick back and accept their viewpoint. “Idea criminal activity does not involve death: thought criminal offense IS death” (Orwell 30). Winston has the good sense to be exceptionally careful when writing in his journal; he is paranoid about being caught and positions himself far from the telescreen where he hopes he will not be discovered. This action shows his objection to merely accept the party line and the federal government’s control.
Another similarly severe offence versus the Celebration is his love affair with Julia. Well aware of the Party’s stand on pleasant sex, Winston, however, can not and does not reduce his desire for her. He also discovers that he is not the only one with these forbidden feelings. “That was above all what he wanted to hear. Not simply the love of someone, but the animal impulse, the easy undifferentiated desire: that was the force that would tear the Party to pieces” (Orwell 132). With the knowledge that he is not alone in this fight, Winston is even more committed and empowered to continue his defiance against the system. He acknowledges that he needs to act cautiously and, in order to continue his affair without being captured, Winston rents a space above Mr.Charrington’s store. Another subversive act is Winston’s communication with O’Brien, a leader in the Celebration.
Winton bases his trust of O’Brien through the voices in his dreams, the eye contact in between them during hate meetings, and when O’Brien turns off his telescreen when the two satisfy. “Between himself and O’Brien, and of the impulse he sometimes felt, merely to walk into O’Brien’s presence, reveal that he was the opponent of the Celebration and require his aid”(Orwell 159) Trustingly, Winston exposes his views to O’Brien, hoping that in the future, others will also participate the defeat of the Celebration. O’Brien convinces Winston that he is member of the Brotherhood; Winston excitedly signs up with. The authority the Party enforces over Oceania’s people seizes Winston’s morality and offers him the guts to increase the momentum of his defiant acts. Sadly, a power far greater than his is enjoying his every move.
As Winston continues his treasonous acts, he realises there is no chance out; his optimism for a better future has him stride blindly into shark-infested waters. Winston recognizes that by composing in his diary it is only a matter of time prior to the Idea Authorities catch him. “Whether he documented WITH BIG SIBLING, or whether he refrained from composing it, made no distinction. Whether he went on with the journal, or whether he did not happen with it, made no difference” (Orwell 21). Intellectually, Winston realizes that he will most likely get caught, however he can not turn back. His affair with Julia increases his ego therefore he continues with the hope that other rebels will join with him against the Celebration. Unfortunately, in his dream of defeating Big Bro, Winston becomes negligent and his acts against the Celebration take him down a dangerous course, leading him into torturous repercussions. Winston allows himself to take unneeded risks, such as trusting O’Brien.
Unwittingly, the room he rents above Mr. Charrington’s shop to meet Julia is under security. Mr. Charrington, a member of the Thought Cops, utilizes the telescreen to capture Winston’s sexual affair with Julia. As a member of the Idea Authorities, it is his task to turn them in, and he does. He has the 2 jailed and they are sent out to the Ministry. Winston’s carelessness now returns to haunt him. In his eagerness to find others who loathe the system, he relied on O’Brien who led him to believe that he shares his hatred for Big Brother. However, Winston quickly discovers that O’Brien’s objectives are quite different. When Winston is captured, O’Brien visits him to “assist” him through this wretchedness.
Nevertheless, Winston’s misplaced trust is made use of when O’Brien preys on his most significant worry. He is required to Room 101 where he is tortured both physically and mentally with his ultimate revulsion: rats. Winston’s fortitude collapses, changing his point of view. “… it was all right, everything was all right. The struggle was completed. He had actually won the victory over himself. He enjoyed Big Bro.” (Orwell 311). Winston’s physical pain and mental anguish assistance him to now embrace the undeniable power and wisdom of the Party. The paradox appears: Winston’s determination to defeat Big Brother is defeated … by Big Bro.
In Winston’s pursuit to get independent thought, he resists the absolute power of the Celebration, hence demonstrating the fight between him and his government. In Oceania, the Party manages the people physically, psychologically and emotionally in order to maintain their supremacy. However, the Party’s violent power subverts Winston’s morality, exacerbating him into rebellion. Once started, Winston realizes that he can not reverse from his revolt, even though, intellectually he acknowledges that his fight could cost him far more than his flexibility. He is driven to continue. Winston’s fervour for change pertains to an instant stop after he is captured and punished for his disloyalty to the Celebration. A male forever changed becomes a devoted fan of Big Sibling. Orwell’s 1984 is a frightening journey of a guy’s defend liberty of thought and expression. In 1948, when the book was composed it was considered a futuristic view of society. Today, many of the events have currently become a reality. Big Bro is undoubtedly viewing!
Orwell, George. 1984. New York City: Penguin, 1964