A Tale of 2 Cities Archetype List
Characters Charles Darnay- Charles Darnay is the hero archetype throughout the story. He constantly does the best thing and he has very honorable actions. He refuses his family name because he thinks they are terrible and wants to do anything to help rescue individuals in need. “This property and France are lost to me. I renounce them.” (Dickens, 116) Charles is ashamed of his household’s actions and declines to be a part of that family since of it. This shows his hero quality in that he stands versus evil. Lucie Manette- Lucie is viewed as the nurturer archetype in the story.
She has very compassionate and innocent actions. “No, Mr. Carton. I am sure that the very best part of it may still be; I make certain that you may be much, much worthier of yourself” (Dickens, 142). She assists Sydney Container in the story to believe in himself and try to make him a much better person because she can see the excellent in him. Sydney Container- Sydney Container has the evil figure that truly has an excellent heart archetype. Although he is not a real bad guy, he feels he has no future for himself and is basically a bottom. He is the most dynamic character in the story and throughout you can see him develop. It is a far, far much better thing that I do, than I have ever done; it is a far, far better rest that I go to than I have actually ever known” (Dickens, 360) In the end he comes through for Lucie and Charles and devotes an exceptionally worthy act by sacrificing himself. Physician Manette- He has the dad archetype in the story. From the time regains his sanity he proves to be a loving dad to not only Lucie however to others who assisted him (like Charles). “I have a charmed life in this city. I have been a Bastille prisoner” (Dickens, 249). He reveals a more motivating character and assists characters throughout the story.
Madame Defarge- She possesses the devil figure archetype. Her function in the story includes her keeping records of who she believes must die. She is pure evil and blood thirsty. “Tell wind and fire where to stop, but don’t inform me!” (Dickens, 326). She has a revenge and she will stop at nothing to carry out her strategies. Monsieur Defarge- Monsieur Defarge can likewise be taken into the daddy figure role in that he cares quite for the Menatte household and helps not just them however others as much as he can. “I understand all, I understand all, be a brave guy my Gaspard! It is much better for the bad little play thing to die so, than to live.
It has actually died in a minute without discomfort. Could it have lived an hour as happily?” (Dickens, 102) Marquis Evremonde- He, like Madame Defarge, has the devil figure archetype. He is evil because he has no issue for human life. He desires all peasants to be eradicated. “It is extraordinary to me that you individuals can not look after yourselves and your children. One or the other of you is forever in the way. How do I understand what injury you have done to my horses?” (Dickens, 109). When he runs over the kid on the streets, he has no guilt towards it at all. Setting/Symbols/Characters
Fog: Fog is displayed in the beginning of the story in the setting. “There was a streaming mist in all the hollows and it strolled in its forlornness up the hill, like a fiend, looking for and finding none … it was dense adequate to shut whatever from the light” (Dickens, 11). This foreshadows the dark events that come later in the story. Tower/Bastille- the archetype of tower is depicted as the bastille. “I. Alexander Manette … write this melancholy paper in my doleful cell in Bastille” (Dickens, 316) this represents a location of evil since its where Manette was placed imprisoned and where deaths take place in the French revolution.
It was also where Manette had lost his mind. The Unhealable Injury- The unhealable wounds are depicted as mental problems in Dr. Manette. He is continuously being haunted by the 18 years in jail and his time as a shoemaker. “You have no idea how such apprehension weighs on the suffers’s mind, and how difficult-how almost impossible- it is, for him to require himself to utter a word upon the subject that oppresses him.” (Dickens, 201). As much as he attempts, he can not forget the terrible memories, and even refuses to speak of them.
Lightness-Darkness- Lightness and darkness are both utilized in the story to symbolize the great and evil in characters. “It was the very best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of knowledge, it was the age of absurdity, it was the date of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter season of despair, we had everything prior to us, we had nothing prior to us, we were all going direct to Paradise, we were all going direct the other method …” (Dickens, 1) Lightness describes good individuals, like Lucie. Darkness refers to the evil in people like in Madame Defarge. Darkness represents things like the captivity of doctor Manette. Water-Desert- The water-desert archetype is finest represented by Carton. As an alcoholic, he often feels as if he’s drowning in his own failure. However can also seem like a desert, due to the fact that there is no clear life path that he can see. “As the boat so favoured is usually in a rough plight and primarily under water, so, Sydney had a swamped life of it.
However, simple and strong customized, unhappily a lot easier and more powerful in him than any promoting sense of desert or disgrace …” (Dickens, 201) Heights-Depths- Heights and depths best represent the various sides of the characters. There good sides and there bad, and what sides they keep from people. “A terrific fact to contemplate, that every human creature is constituted to be that extensive secret and mystery to every other.” (Dickens, 10) Spring-Winter- Spring and winter are used to signify the excellent and bad times in the story. … it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had whatever before us, we had absolutely nothing before us, we were all going direct to Paradise, we were all going direct the other method …” (Dickens, 1) Spring is when hope lives and when good ideas take place in the book. Winter is the opposite, there are more deaths and it’s a sad time. Making use of spring and winter at the start foreshadow the events that are to come. Hero/Rebel- The functions of the heroes and the rebels are depicted through numerous characters. Among the characters is Sydney Container, who throughout the book possesses both of these characteristics.
At the start he is the farthest thing from a hero, he is an alcoholic and has a very negative view of himself. Later in the book you can see him turn into a hero when he does the heroic thing by compromising himself for Lucie. “It is a far, far better thing that I do, than I have ever done; it is a far, far better rest that I go to than I have actually ever understood” (Dickens, 360). Star-crossed fans- The star-crossed lovers in A Tale of 2 Cities are represented by Lucie and Charles. There were challenges that got in the way of their love (Like Charles almost getting eliminated) but they ultimately discover their method back to each other’s love. O Miss Manette, when the little photo of a delighted daddy’s face searches for in yours, when you see your own bright appeal emerging once again at your feet believe now and then that there is a guy who would offer his life, to keep a life you like beside you!” (149-50) Mentor- The closest person in this story to the mentor is Mr. Lorry. Although he appears like all he cares about organisation, he truly appreciates the Manette household. He guides Lucie and advises Striver not to wed Lucie. He is a good buddy and is constantly there to offer recommendations along the method. As a male of business, I am not warranted in saying anything about this matter, for, as a guy of company, I understand absolutely nothing of it. However, as an old fellow, who has brought Miss Manette in his arms, who is the relied on buddy of Miss Manette and of her daddy too, and who has a terrific love for them both, I have actually spoken. The confidence is not of my looking for, recollect. Now, you think I may not be right?” (Dickens, 149). Death/The Guillotine- In this story death is signified by the guillotine which causes terrific modification in the story. This is a tool in the revolution and something that brings about terrific damage and death. Along the Paris streets, the death-carts rumble, hollow and extreme. 6 tumbrils win’s red wine to La Guillotine. All the devouring and insatiate Monsters pictured because imagination might tape-record itself, are merged in the one awareness, Guillotine.” Hero- One character who could be considered a hero is Charles Darnay. He goes against his Uncle and his family name because he does not think in what they are doing. He is likewise a compassionate character and wants to risk him being apprehended to help save someone in requirement. “This residential or commercial property and France are lost to me. I renounce them. (Dickens, 116) Wise Fool- Dr. Manette represents the smart fool. He is practically insane after being sent to prison and does not understand who he is. However despite his mental problems he is likewise incredibly sensible. “Everything tended to an excellent end, my buddy; it was not mere waste and ruin. As my beloved kid was handy in restoring me to myself, I will be useful now in bring back the dearest part of herself to her; by the help of Heaven I will do it!” (Dickens, 260) His decision makes a follower out of Jarvis Lorry. Dr. Manette’s wisdom in the face of dark times reinforces the other characters.
The devil/Saint- The devil and the saint are represented by Madame and Monsieur Defarge. Madame Defarge is the devil since of her position in the transformation. She tracks all individuals she thinks will pass away and is a bloodthirsty tyrant. “Both her hearers obtained a dreadful satisfaction from the terrible deadly nature of her rage.” (Dickens. 339) The Saint is depicted by Monsieur Defarge, he cares for The Menatte household, and he wishes to help them unlike Madame Defarge. Castaway- The outcast in the story can be portrayed by Marquis Evremonde, he has no regard for anyone else but himself. “You dogs!
I would ride over any of you really voluntarily and exterminate you from the earth.” (Dickens, 103) His selfishness isolates him from the rest of the characters. His actions even separated him from his own family. Sky father and earth mom- The sky father is finest represented by Charles Darnay, and the Earth mother is best portrayed by Lucie Manette. Lucie, like earth mother, represents motherhood and nurturing. Charles Darnay, is complement of Lucie, and the Sky daddy is normally complement of Earth mom. The two go hand in hand, like both the characters. Scapegoat- In the story peasants represent the scapegoat.
Throughout the start of the story they are being teased a scared by the majority of other individuals (consisting of Evremonde). “The kids had ancient faces and serious voices; and upon them, and upon the grown faces, and ploughed into every furrow of age and showing up afresh, was the indication, Hunger.” (Dickens, 29) They are constantly being starved and are forced to reside in horrible conditions; this eventually leads them to rebel. Temptress- There does not appear to be a character that precisely fits the role of the temptress. But if one has to be chosen, it would most likely be Madame Defarge.
Madame Defarge, is a terrible female with “darkly specified eyebrows,” who is thought about “the sign of the uncontrollable forces of the Transformation” entices her partner into acts of cruelty that extend past his own wants. Devil- The devil can be expressed by two people, Madame Defarge and Marquis Evremonde. Both have a desire for killing and are both selfish, and have no concern for other individuals’s lives. “Tell wind and fire where to stop, however do not tell me!” (Dickens, 326). They both likewise break the hero, which could also put both of them as the villain as well as the devil.
Compassion- Lucie Manette represents empathy; she emotionally cares about individuals in her life. This is most apparent around her daddy. “Then, as darkness closed in the child laid her head on the tough ground near her dad’s side, and enjoyed him.” (Dickens, 55) She attempts her hardest to help recover him, and she is the only individual who saw the genuine excellent in Sydney Carton. Journey and/or Mission: One journey that occurs in the story is Sydney Containers journey to discover himself. At the beginning of the story, he feels he is worthless and has no future. I care for no man on earth, and no guy looks after me” (Dickens, 76). However as the story advances and he satisfies Lucie he starts to see his true capacity as Lucie does. At the end he completes his journey as the hero and sacrifices himself for the advantage of the one he likes. Rake: At the beginning of the story, you could state that Sydney Container was the rake. Although he was not rich, he was a drunk which recommends that he invested what little money he actually had on white wine. At this time, he is extremely carefree and believes he won’t do anything with his life. I have no organisation to be, that I understand of.” (Dickens, 132) He isn’t a womanizer, but he does fall for Lucie. Initiation- Sydney Carton fits the initiation archetype the story. When Lucie discovers Charles is going to be eliminated, Carton realizes what he has to do and sacrifices himself. “They said of him, about the city that night, that it was the peacefullest guy’s face ever saw there. Many included that he looked sublime and prophetic.” (Dickens, 371). Job- A job might be shown in the story when Carton had to compromise himself in order for Charles and Lucie to be together. It is a far, far better thing that I do, than I have ever done; it is a far, far much better rest that I go to than I have actually ever known.” (Dickens, 360). In this scenario, the goal was for Charles and Lucie to be together and the situation is that he will be eliminated. Fall from innocence to experience: The fall from innocence to experience might be when Lucie finds that her daddy lives. “I am visiting his Ghost! It will be his Ghost– not him!” (Dickens, 21) After 18 years of her daddy being gone she was brought to truth out of her innocence to face that her father had actually gone crazy.
She then had to take duty and take care of her daddy. Death and Renewal- The death and renewal motif is best shown by Carton. He sacrifices himself for Lucie and is eliminated by the guillotine. His resurrection is represented in the kid of Charles and Lucie who they called Carton. “I am the resurrection and the life, saith the lord: he that believeth me, though he were dead, yet will he live: and whosoever liveth and believeth in me will never pass away” (Dickens 359). Questions The character who finest fits the archetype would be Sydney Carton.
Due to the fact that he of all people, understands the cost of life in addition to sacrifice. When he satisfies Lucie, and she sees the excellent in him, he falls for her. Carton then realizes she is going to wed someone else, but he is still head-over-heels for her. “… believe from time to time that there is a guy, who would provide his life, to keep a life you enjoy next to you.” (Dickens, 357). He admits his love to her, right before he makes a pricey choice. He does among the most heroic things possible, and sacrifices his own life so that Lucie has the ability to be with the person she genuinely likes. I see the lives for which I put down my life, serene, useful, thriving and happy, because England which I will see no more” (Dickens, 359). His character makes the reader realize the expense of life and sacrifice because he is the only character that PICKED to quit their own life for another. – The story most comparable to A Tale of 2 Cities would be Romeo and Juliet due to the fact that they share comparable styles and archetypes. They both share the archetypes empathy, outcast, deaths, and star crossed lovers.
Lucie and Juliet both share the archetype of compassion, since they both are nurturing and look after their future husbands. Romeo and Juliet along with Evremonde share the castaway archetype, although for various factors. Romeo and Juliet are outcasts since their families are against their love, while Evremonde is a vicious beast and only takes care of himself. Deaths are likewise in both of the stories, both of the primary characters die in Romeo and Juliet and Sydney Carton dies in A tale of two cities. The most significant archetype similarity is star-crossed enthusiasts due to the fact that this is the standard archetype for both stories.
Both of the primary enjoys in the stories have things they should get rid of in order to finally be together. Although the stories both branch off into various things, this is among the greatest highlighting archetypes. There is one big theme in both of these stories that resembles, and that is self-sacrifice for the ones you love. In both of the stories one character is killed for the one that they like. In Romeo and Juliet, Romeo takes his own life in order to be with Juliet. He believed that if Juliet was dead the only method he would really ever be happy is if he was dead to.
This resembles Carton, he changed location with Darnay so that Darnay might be pleased with the one that he liked. “If you remember the words that passed between us, long ago, you will easily understand this when you see it. You do remember them, I understand. It is not in your nature to forget them. I am appreciative that the time has come, when I can prove them. That I do so is no subject for regret or grief. If it had been otherwise, I never must have used the longer chance. If it had been otherwise” Although Carton did not wind up with Lucie, he sacrificed himself for the one that he liked,