Success. Webster’s dictionary specifies it as “The accomplishment of something desired, planned, or attempted; the acquiring of fame or prosperity.”Although to truly understand the meaning of success, one requires to understand the relationship in between success and goals. Success can merely be achieving your objectives, but can also have a deeper meaning, such as individual growth. In the book A Raisin in the Sun, by Lorraine Hansberry, the Younger’s, Walter and Lena specifically, are portrayed as a normal African American family in the 1950’s, attempting to fight the bias that haunt every aspect of their lives.
Lorraine Hansberry takes us through the journey of the Younger’s as they try to accomplish their dreams and attain success. Overall, regardless of the challenges they face such as bigotry, sexism, and dishonesty, Walter Lee and Lena “Mamma” Younger achieve success to certain extents; Walter achieves complete personal success and Mamma is completely effective in her goal to buy a home for her kids and Travis.
Walter Lee Younger reaches individual success by achieving individual development and improvement. In the beginning of this book, Walter is careless and self-centered which is revealed through numerous events such when Mom informs Walter “Ruth is thinking ’bout eliminating that child.” (75) And later “Walter … has obviously been drinking.” (pg. 77) Essentially, Walter finds out that his other half is pregnant and thinking of getting an abortion, and being the irresponsible selfish man he was, he went out and got drunk. Furthermore, we find out that Walters’s investment did not exercise and Mother asks him about his sis Beneetha’s money and he says “Mom … I never … went to the bank at all …” (pg. 129) This quote indicates how absolutely conceited he actually was, to throw all of his sister’s cash set out for her tuition just for his own investment.
It likewise reveals that he no longer has any self worth or pride in himself or his family, which is undoubtedly significantly valued throughout the family. At the end he winds up losing the money, for which many people would look at him as not successful, but at the end of the book, he truly does he redeem himself. On pg. 148 Walter invites Linder over and plans on forfeiting any pride left and getting on his knees to beg for money, but rather something unbelievable takes place.
His designated message was forgotten when he considers his child and household and a restored sense of self worth and worth has him as he says “We have decided to move into our house because my father- my daddy- has made it for us brick by brick … we don’t want to make no trouble for nobody or fight no causes, and we will attempt to be excellent neighbors.” (148) Through this one quote, Walter’s self development appears as he lastly defends his family and shifts into a truthful, caring male as opposed to the self-centered young boy he was at the beginning of the book. As an outcome of this personal growth, Walter Lee Younger has obtained absolute individual success.
Throughout the book A Raisin in the Sun, Lena Younger, aka Mom, has been represented as the overbearing, however caring mom and grandmother whose primary objective appears to be to purchase a genuine house for her children and grandchild. This objective is made evident on when she finally buys your house and says “Well- at least let me inform him something, I want him to be the very first one to hear … Come here, Travis.” (pg. 90) This quote shows her obvious love and fondness for her beloved grand son and in the future she states “You happy about the house? It’s going to be yours when you get to be a guy.” (pg. 91)
These quotes clarify her dreams to move into a brand-new house to make Travis delighted and they are accomplished when after Walter’s speech, Linder concerns her approval and she strongly states that “My child stated we was going to move and there ain’t nothing left for me to state.” (148) Lorraine Hansberry then ends her book with the Younger’s lastly leaving their apartment behind, revealing that in the end, Mom did achieve her dream and achieved success in her goal of moving into a brand-new house for her family.
Throughout Lorraine Hansberry’s book A Raisin in the Sun, Lena and Walter Lee Younger deal with lots of bias and obstacles in the method of achieving their dreams, but in the end they succeed.