The book’s protagonist, Winston Smith, is a resident of Oceania, among the world’s 3 superstates (together with Eurasia and Eastasia). It is the year 1984, and Winston resides in Airstrip One, which used to be referred to as Terrific Britain. Winston is a member of the Party, which rules Oceania under the concepts of Ingsoc (English Socialism). Oceania is an oligarchy, under hierarchical guideline. The Party includes Inner Party members, who are the judgment elite, and routine Party members, who are residents of Oceania. Beyond the Celebration are the proles, non-Party members and easy individuals who reside in hardship and are free from Celebration guidelines. The Celebration’s leader is Huge Brother, and there are massive pictures of his kind visage, complete with dark hair and a significant mustache, displayed throughout London, some accompanied by the words “Big Sibling is Enjoying You.” The Party’s 3 mottos are: “War is Peace,” “Freedom is Slavery,” and “Lack of knowledge is Strength.”
Winston lost his parents and little sister during the Revolutionary period that destroyed commercialism and set up Ingsoc in Oceania. He was positioned in a Party orphanage and incorporated into the Party system. Now he operates in the Records Department of the Ministry of Truth, which deals with all Celebration publications and propaganda, modifying previously released Party publications to make sure that the Party’s version of the Past is never ever questioned. Such changes often eliminate an individual from history, or make formerly flawed forecasts precise. The other 3 ministries are the Ministry of Love, which manages all Celebration prisoners, the Ministry of Peace, which deals with war, and the Ministry of Plenty, which manages the production of Celebration products, consisting of Triumph cigarettes, Success gin, and Victory coffee, all of which are of extremely poor quality.
Winston has never quite accepted the principles of Ingsoc and the Celebration. He believes in an unalterable past, and finds Party politics wicked. Winston wishes for privacy, intimacy, liberty and love, however can not express any of this in the open for fear of death. Such thoughts constitute “throughtcrimes,” which are extremely punishable offenses resulting in arrest, imprisonment, abuse, and frequently death.
When the book opens, Winston is at home during his lunch break. He has returned to his house in the Triumph Mansions, a shabby Party housing structure, to compose in a journal, a relic of the past he got from an old junk shop. Winston’s house is weak, and like every other Party member’s home, contains a telescreen. The telescreen sends Party information and propaganda, and also allows the Thought Police to enjoy and listen to Party members at all times. In Oceania, there is no such thing as personal privacy. Winston is lucky to have a small nook in his home out of the view of the telescreen, and it remains in this nook that he starts to compose in his diary, regardless of his frustrating worry of being captured. Undoubtedly, Winston will eventually be captured, imprisoned, and tortured by the Thought Authorities. In the meantime, nevertheless, he chooses to forge ahead with his rebellion.
Winston composes of numerous memories, all associated to the Celebration and his life. Many include violent imagery, which is quite typical in the age of Oceania, and expose anti-Party sensations. Winston plainly does not subscribe to Celebration teaching. Winston is quickly interrupted at one point by a knock on his door. Initially he stresses, thinking he has actually currently been captured, but it is just his next-door neighbor, Mrs. Parsons, who needs assistance unclogging her sink. Winston obliges, and connects briefly with Mrs. Parsons’ two hellish children who are members of the Spies and Youth League, and plainly powerfully indoctrinated in the methods of the Celebration. Winston anticipates that eventually these children will turn their devoted, simple, innocent parents into the Thought Cops. Such catastrophes, it seems, are quite common.
Winston goes back to his journal, and in among his reveries reviewing the past and his memories and dreams, discovers himself writing “DOWN WITH BIG BRO” in big letters over and over on the page. Eventually, time runs out and Winston should go back to work, which he enjoys. Once Winston found a newspaper clipping among his everyday projects that showed the innocence of 3 guys: Jones, Aaronson, and Rutherford. In examining the clipping, he understood it indicated the Party was incorrect, and that he had real proof of a precise version of the past. Rather than risk discovery, nevertheless, he destroyed the clipping, putting it in a memory hole that sucked it into the structure’s internal furnaces.
At the Ministry of Reality Winston is surrounded by loyal Celebration members, and is always on guard to prevent his real feelings from being perceived by others. At work, Winston sits through the daily Two Minutes Hate, which rails against Oceania’s opponent, Eurasia, and the supposed leader of the opposition movement, Emmanuel Goldstein. The propaganda is powerful, and individuals around him start yelling at the screen. Naturally, Winston must participate in to avoid suspicion.
Discovering himself significantly curious about the past, Winston wanders the streets, amongst the proles. He thinks that if there is expect a successful rebellion, it depends on the proles. Winston satisfies an old guy in a prole pub and concerns him about life before the Revolution. To his frustration, the male concentrates on his own individual memories rather than on the generalities and conceptual distinctions Winston has an interest in. Winston goes back to the junk store where he bought his journal and purchases a glass paperweight with a piece of coral inside. The proprietor, a kind old male called Mr. Charrington, reveals him a room above the store and Winston thinks of what it may be like to lease it out and live amongst old things, free from the constant presence of the telescreen.
At work and on his walk, Winston sees a dark-haired woman who is seemingly a strongly loyal Party member and apparently has taken notice of him. He fears she is a member of the Idea Police. One day, at the Ministry of Reality, the girl slips him a note after falling down in the hallway, needing Winston’s support. The note states “I like you.” Winston is shocked, however very thrilled by the possibility of a love affair. The affair should be secret, as the Celebration is entirely against any sort of sexual enjoyment. In reality, sexual repression is a tenet of Ingsoc. The Party must authorize every marriage, and it is undesirable for a guy and a woman to express any physical attraction for one another. All energy needs to be devoted to the Party. Winston was when in such a marriage. His partner Katharine was a frigid, mindless female who was very faithful to the Celebration, however believed sex was a vile activity. However, she frequently scheduled times for her and Winston to have sex, calling it her “task to the Celebration.” She had actually been taught from childhood that she need to bear children.
With a great deal of effort to remain undiscovered, the woman finally tells Winston where and how they can meet. On a Sunday afternoon, he travels into the country, as per Julia’s directions, to fulfill her in a remote clearing in a woody location. Finally, they can speak. Winston finds out that her name is Julia, they discuss their beliefs relating to the Celebration, and they start their love affair. At one point, Winston notifications that the remote spot she has led them to exactly matches a place he constantly sees in his dreams that he has actually described the Golden Country.
Winston and Julia, who has a flair for finding abandoned locations and for getting black market goods such as genuine coffee, bread and sugar, continue to meet in secret. They are restricted to communicating only in public places and having just the most minimal conversations, but the 2 find a mutual hatred of the Celebration and ultimately fall in love. Winston thinks that it is possible to overthrow the Party, while Julia is pleased merely living a double life. On the surface, she is devoted to the severe, a member of the Junior Anti-Sex League, a volunteer in numerous Celebration activities, and a vocal participant in loyalty-testing occasions such as the Two Minutes Hate. On the inside, she considers everything as a video game. She dislikes the Celebration and all it represents, but understands she can do absolutely nothing to alter it.
Eventually Winston rents the space above Mr. Charrington’s flat. Winston and Julia meet typically in the room, which is merely furnished, with an old twelve-hour clock (the Party utilizes twenty-four hour time), and an image of an old London church, St. Clement’s Dane. Mr. Charrington taught him the very first lines of an old poem about the church, “Oranges and lemons state the bells of St. Clement’s,” and Julia knows a few more lines that her grandpa taught her when she was very little. Outside their window, a middle-aged prole female is constantly hanging her wash and singing basic prole songs, many of which have actually been created by makers in the Ministry of Truth specifically for the proles.
Another Celebration member unexpectedly takes on an important function in Winston’s life. Winston has constantly discovered O’Brien at the Ministry of Fact. He appears to be a smart man, and Winston thinks in his heart that O’Brien feels the very same way he does about the Party. Once, throughout the 2 Minutes Hate, the two males locked eyes and Winston felt sure of O’Brien’s ideas. In a dream, Winston as soon as heard somebody tell him, “We will fulfill in the location where there is no darkness,” and he believes the voice to have actually been O’Brien’s. For Winston, O’Brien represents the possibility of an underground motion. Perhaps the Brotherhood, led my Emmanuel Goldstein, is genuine.
O’Brien approaches Winston at work under the pretense of talking about the Tenth Edition of the Newspeak Dictionary (Newspeak is the main language of Oceania, and its goal is to reduce and streamline vocabulary). O’Brien offers Winston his house address, allegedly so he can come get an advance copy of the new book. Winston takes the slip of paper with amazement. He understands that O’Brien has approached him since he is part of the underground motion. His real course towards disobedience has started.
After some time, Winston and Julia go to O’Brien, an Inner Celebration member who has a lavish apartment or condo, a servant, and the liberty to turn off his telescreen. Winston renounces the Celebration and discusses his belief in the Brotherhood. O’Brien welcomes Winston and Julia into the Brotherhood and tells them that they should be willing to do anything to work towards its cause. They concur, but say that they will not do anything that would avoid them from seeing each other ever again. O’Brien informs Winston that he will provide him a copy of Goldstein’s book, and details a complex variation of events that will lead towards the exchange. Winston leaves after a final toast with O’Brien, in which Winston completes O’Brien’s declaration, saying that they “will satisfy in the place without any darkness.”
During Hate Week, the Celebration’s opponent ends up being Eastasia instead of Eurasia, and Winston needs to invest a good deal of time at work, in some cases even remaining overnight, to “remedy” all Party publications formerly describing war with Eurasia. The Party is at war with Eastasia, and has constantly been at war with Eastasia. In the middle of Hate Week, a guy brings Winston a short case, recommends that he dropped it, and leaves. The book is inside. When he has lastly completed the Hate Week corrections, Winston gets away to Mr. Charrington’s house and begins to check out. Julia gets here, and he reads aloud to her about the history of Oceania, industrialism versus totalitarianism, and the primary objectives of the Party. The majority of this information Winston already understands, however he discovers it helpful to read it in the comprehensive, clear words of Emmanuel Goldstein.
Winston and Julia eventually go to sleep. The wake hours later on, and go to stand at the window. Winston duplicates his oft-stated phrase, “We are the dead.” All of a sudden, a voice coming from the wall echoes him, “You are the dead.” There is a telescreen concealed behind the photo of St. Clement’s Dane. They are caught. The Idea Cops storm the space. Mr. Charrington walks in, and it becomes clear that he is a member of the Thought Cops. He has actually been disguised as a kind old male, however is far more youthful than Winston envisioned, with various hair and eyes. Winston and Julia are jailed, separated, and brought to the Ministry of Love.
While in a holding cell, Winston sees guys from the Ministry of Reality reoccur. Each has been jailed for thoughtcrime. Parsons gets here, and it turns out that his daughter turned him in, declaring to have actually heard him state “Down with Huge Brother” in his sleep. Winston’s prediction, it appears, was unfortunately precise. In his holding cell, Winston sees a lot of violence, and notifications guards constantly describing “Room 101,” an expression that appears to instill terrific fear in a few of the detainees.
Eventually, O’Brien gets here. It ends up being clear that he was never part of the underground motion, however in fact works in the Ministry of Love. Winston’s entire interaction with O’Brien was a ruse. Winston is gotten rid of from the holding cell, and his torture starts. At first the abuse is very violent, and he is forced to confess to a litany of crimes he did not dedicate, consisting of murder and espionage. Eventually, the abuse becomes less violent and O’Brien takes control of. He begins to break Winston’s spirit, informing him that his memory is flawed and that he is outrageous. Winston’s discussions with O’Brien harp on the nature of the past and truth, and reveal much about the Party’s approach to those ideas. The Celebration, O’Brien explains with a strength, looks for outright power, for power’s own sake. This is why it will always succeed, is always right, and will ultimately manage the entire world. Winston can not argue; whenever he does, he is faced with obstinate rational misconceptions, a totally various system of thinking that runs counter to all reason. Winston believes in a past that never existed, and is hounded by false-memory syndromes. To be treated, Winston should conquer his own madness and win the war against his own mind.
Gradually, O’Brien reveals Winston, with using electrical shock makers, beatings and starvation, the way of the Celebration. He requires Winston to accept that if the Celebration says so, two plus two equals 5. Winston had actually when written in his diary that liberty implied having the ability to state that two plus 2 is 4. His last effort to argue with O’Brien ends in O’Brien showing Winston himself in the mirror. Winston is beyond horrified to see that he has actually turned into a sickly, horrible sack of bones, beaten into a brand-new face. Broken to the core, Winston finally sends to his re-education. He is no longer beaten, is fed at routine intervals, is permitted to sleep (though the lights, obviously, never go out), and begins to restore his health. Although seemingly making progress in accepting the truth of the Celebration, Winston is still keeping the last remaining kernel of himself and his humanity: his love for Julia. This comes out when, in the midst of a dream, Winston weeps aloud, “Julia! Julia! Julia, my love! Julia!”
O’Brien’s last efforts with Winston are focused on requiring him to betray Julia. He takes Winston to Room 101, consisting of the worst thing in the world, which is different for everyone. For Winston, “the worst thing worldwide” is a rat. Winston is tied to a chair, and O’Brien starts to attach a mask/cage gizmo including big, hungry, meat-eating rats to his face. Winston feels a desperate, deep, stressed fear. He can not take it, and lastly screams for O’Brien to put another person in his place – anyone, even Julia. O’Brien has prospered.
Winston, a damaged, changed, empty shell of a guy, is released into the world. In his new life, he sees Julia when, by possibility, but they are no longer in love. Each betrayed the other, and jail altered them strongly. There is no wish for their relationship. Winston acquires a somewhat unimportant, worthless job that pays surprisingly well. He invests his time at the Chestnut Tree Coffee shop drinking Victory Gin and playing chess. His life is buried in gin. In the final pages of the unique, we discover Winston in his routine seat at the coffee shop, drinking gin, playing chess, and waiting for a report from the front in Central Africa, where Eurasia (Oceania was constantly at war with Eurasia) has invaded. He is thrilled about the report, due to the fact that with this intrusion, Eurasia might actually have the ability to break Oceania’s line of defense and put the entire country at danger for takeover. A Eurasian success in Central Africa might mean completion of the Celebration. Prior to the report comes, Winston all of a sudden recalls a very delighted day in his childhood invested playing parlor game with his mom and little sis. He pushes it out of his mind, recognizing it is a false memory and solving to permit fewer of those to creep up on him. Eventually, the report exposes that Oceania has actually been successful in warding off the Eurasian advance. There is festivity on the telescreen and in the streets. Looking into the eyes of a poster of Huge Bro, Winston understands that he understood this news would come. With tears dripping down his face, Winston understands he has lastly finished the rehab he began in the Ministry of Love. He likes Huge Brother.